176 Linux TEST 1

Open Source Software (OSS) is freely developed and continuously improved by a large community of software developers.
True or False?
True
Linux is merely one product of open source development.
True or False?
True
The term hacker refers to someone who illegally uses computers for personal benefit or to cause damage.
True or False?
False
Each computer participating on the Internet must have an IP address.
True or False?
True
It is difficult to port software designed for UNIX to Linux.
True or False?
False
Software that consists of a series of software components used to control the hardware of your computer is known as application software.
True or False?
False
Linux is based on the Windows operating system.
True or False?
False
Services that are used on the local computer are referred to as server services.
True or False?
False
Companies that use services on a computer to serve client computers are said to have a(n) Internet server.
True or False?
True
A(n) application server is one running a program that acts as an intermediary between a client computer and information.
True or False?
True
A(n) ____ is a piece of software that tells the operating system how to use a specific hardware device.
1) system service
2) graphical user interface
3) user interface
4) device driver
4) device driver
The ____ indicates the stability of a Linux kernel.
1) major number
2) production kernel
3) minor number
4) revision number
3) minor number
The concept of ____ enables software developers to read other developers’ source code, modify that source code to make the software better, and redistribute that source code to other developers who might improve it further.
1) Open Source Software
2) Linux
3) Closed Source Software
4) Freeware
1) Open Source Software
The ____ stipulates that the source code of any software published under its license must be freely available.
1) Artistic License
2) GNU General Public License
3) Free Software Foundation
4) Freeware
GNU General Public License
____ is software that is distributed free of charge, but the source code is not available.
1) Open source software
2) Close source software
3) Freeware
4) Shareware
3) Freeware
Consider the phrase “collaboration between several developers with a common need speeds up software creation, and when bugs in the software are found by these users, bug fixes are created very quickly” from the chapter. This statement describes which advantage of the Linux operating system?
1) Ease of customization
2) Flexibility for different hardware platforms
3) Risk reduction
4) Stability and security
Stability and security
HOWTO documents are centrally collected by the ____.
1) Linux Documentation Project
2) GNU project
3) Free Software Foundation
4) Linux User Groups
1) Linux Documentation Project
Which of the following is the greatest expense for companies using Linux?
1) Software upgrades
2) Additional software
3) Hiring people to maintain the Linux system
4) Operating system cost
3) Hiring people to maintain the Linux system
Solaris, HP-UX and AIX are all ____ of Unix.
1) versions
2) flavors
3) types
4) instances
2) flavors
The source code for Linux was released in ____.
1) 1987
2) 1990
3) 1991
4) 1993
3) 1991
The core component of the GUI in Linux is referred to as ____.
1) GNOME
2) KDE
3) Red Hat
4) X Windows
4) X Windows
A ____ is merely a compressed archive of files that usually contain scripts that install the software contents to the correct location on the system.
1) package manager
2) DBMS
3) tarball
4) router
3) tarball
____ Linux is the most common Linux distribution used today.
1) Red Hat
2) Debian
3) Mandrake
4) SuSE
1) Red Hat
A(n) ____ service provides an efficient method for transferring files over the Internet.
1) FTP
2) DNS
3) Web
4) Mail
1) FTP
A(n) ____ service allows users to post messages in forums.
1) FTP
2) News
3) Web
4) DNS
2) News
Companies and institutions using computers to perform extraordinarily large calculations that would be unsuitable for most computers would employ a(n) ____.
1) scientific/engineering workstation
2) application server
3) supercomputer
4) office workstation
3) supercomputer
Does Linux allow only a single user to access the system simultaneously?
1) Yes
2) No
2) No
Is Linux referred to as a multioperational operating system?
1) Yes
2) No
2) No
Is Linux less expensive than other operating systems such as Windows?
1) Yes
2) No
1) Yes
Did the GNU Public License legalize free distribution of source code?
1) Yes
2) No
1) Yes
Is Samba the most common service used to allow clients to connect to shared information and printers on a Linux server?
1) Yes
2) No
1) Yes
____________________ consists of the physical components inside a computer that are electrical in nature.
Hardware
The ____________________ is the core component of the Linux operating system.
Linux kernel
Linux kernel version 2.5.9 is a(n) ____________________ kernel.
developmental
A(n) ____________________ is a computer or special hardware device that provides interconnection between company networks, home networks, and institutional networks.
router
The ability for a computer to increase workload as the number of processors increases is known as ____________________.
scalability
A GUI Environment for Linux written in the C programming language.
GNOME
The sets of instructions or programs that allow the various hardware components on a computer to manipulate data (or files)
software
A service that requests outside Internet resources on behalf of a computer inside of a company.
proxy server
A service that protects companies from outside intruders on the Internet.
firewall
Combining several smaller computers.
clustering
A user-friendly name that is associated with an IP address.
fully qualified domain name
An organized collection of data that is arranged into tables of related information.
database
The list of instructions that a software developer writes to make up a program
source code
A software system that installs and maintains software.
package manager
It is important to ensure that a computer meets the maximum hardware requirements before performing an installation.
1) True
2) False
2) False
System Rescue can be used to repair a Linux system that cannot be started.
1) True
2) False
1) True
Linux requires a minimum of three partitions to be created.
1) True
2) False
2) False
A swap partition contains a filesystem.
1) True
2) False
2) False
When a user interacts with his computer, he interacts directly with the kernel of the computer’s operating system.
1) True
2) False
2) False
Commands indicate the name of a program to execute and are case sensitive.
1) True
2) False
1) True
n Linux, the administrator account is called top.
1) True
2) False
2) False
Linux requires a minimum of three partitions to be created
1) True
2) False
2) False
The swap partition for Linux 2.4 kernels should be at least half the size of the physical RAM.
1) True
2) False
2) False
The command shutdown -h +30 would halt your system in 30 minutes.
1) True
2) False
1) True
The program that is started by the BIOS at system startup, and that loads the Linux kernel into memory from a hard disk partition inside the computer is called the boot loader
1) True
2) False
1) True
Because you need to document so many pieces of hardware and software information, you should create a ____ that contains all important installation information as well as hardware information.
1) preinstallation checklist
2) hardware compatibility checklist
3) software components list
4) minimum hardware requirements list
1) preinstallation checklist
____ is the most common method of installing Linux.
1) Installation from a DVD
2) Installation from an NFS server across the network
3) Installation from packages located on the hard disk
4) Installation from CD-ROM media
1) Installation from a DVD
During Linux installation, you need to configure a minimum of ____ user account(s).
1) one
2) two
3) three
4) four
2) two
Hard disks can contain a maximum of ____ major partitions
1) 4
2) 8
3) 16
4) 32
1) 4
The recommended size for the /home directory is ____ per user.
1) 100 MB
2) 200 MB
3) 500 MB
4) 1000 MB
2) 200 MB
The ____ filesystem is compatible with the Windows FAT filesystem.
1) ext3
2) REISER
3) ext2
4) VFAT
4) VFAT
The ____ directory contains system commands and utilities.
1) /opt
2) /var
3) /boot
4) /usr
4) /usr
In Linux, a(n) ____ is used to accept input from the user and pass the input to the kernel for processing.
1) processor
2) user interface
3) swap memory
4) shell
4) shell
The shell that is used by default in Linux is the ____ shell.
1) BASH
2) root
3) gdm
4) command line
1) BASH
____ are specific letters that start with a dash (“-“).
1) Arguments
2) Options
3) Keywords
4) Metacharacters
2) Options
Which Linux command displays your login name?
1) who
2) whoami
3) id
4) w
2) whoami
Which Linux command gets you out of your current shell?
1) exit
2) stop
3) reset
4) clear
1) exit
The command that displays the calendar for the current month is ____.
1) date
2) cal
3) w
4) id
2) cal
The ____ metacharacter indicates background command execution.
1) @
2) ^
3) &
4) !
3) &
____ is the metacharacter for command termination.
1)
2) &
3) ;
4) |
3) ;
To find all of the commands that have the word “list” in their name or description, you would type ____.
1) man -j list
2) man -k list
3) man -l list
4) man -m list
2) man -k list
Does SYSLINUX, the Linux installation program, have a full range of hardware support?
1) Yes
2) No
2) No
Is checking the media for errors an optional step in a DVD Linux installation?
1) Yes
2) No
1) Yes
Can you have more than four SCSI hard disks within a system?
1) Yes
2) No
1) Yes
Is the password database used for authentication always located on the local computer?
1) Yes
2) No
2) No
Do all commands have either man pages or info pages?
1) Yes
2) No
2) No
The ____ command will confirm the system directory that you are currently in.
1) dir
2) pwd
3) whereami
4) ld
2) pwd
The ____ metacharacter can also be used to refer to the current user’s home directory.
1) ~
2) @
3) &
4) #
1) ~
To move from the /home/joe/test/data to the /home/joe directory, use the ____ command.
1) cd ..
2) cd ../..
3) /home/joe
4) cd ./..
2) cd ../..
If you type enough unique letters of a directory and press ____ key, the BASH shell will find the intended file or directory being specified and fill in the appropriate information.
1) Alt
2) Tab
3) Ctrl
4) Esc
2) Tab
Most files on a Linux system that contain configuration information are ____ files.
1) system
2) directory
3) text
4) program
3) text
To view a list of files and their type, use the ____ switch to the ls command.
1) -T
2) -L
3) -F
4) -l
3) -F
The ____ symbol indicates a linked file.
1) @
2) *
3) &
4) =
1) @
The ____ command can be used to provide a long listing for each file in a certain directory.
1) ls -T
2) ls -L
3) ls -F
4) ls -l
4) ls -l
Using wildcard metacharacters, how can one indicate a number is either 1, 2, 3, or 4?
1) 1-4
2) [1-4]
3) [1234]
4) [1,2,3,4]
2) [1-4]
To display the contents of a file called data, use the command ____.
1) disp data
2) ls data
3) ls -l data
4) cat data
4) cat data
The ____ command displays the last five lines of a text file.
1) end -5
2) head -5
3) stop -5
4) tail -5
4) tail -5
Which is an extended regular expression metacharacter?
1) .
2) […]
3) *
4) {}
4) {}
The ____ regular expression metacharacter matches 0 or more occurrences of the previous character.
1) *
2) ?
3) +
4) ^
1) *
Which of the following key combinations, commonly used in the vi editor command mode, displays current line statistics?
1) $
2) x
3) Ctrl+g
4) P
3) Ctrl+g
The ____ can be used with LISP artificial intelligence programming language and supports hundreds of keyboard functions like the vi editor.
1) Kedit editor
2) Mcedit editor
3) Emacs editor
4) Nedit editor
3) Emacs editor
The ____ editor is functionally analogous to the Windows Wordpad and Notepad editors.
1) XEmacs
2) vi
3) Emacs
4) gedit
4) gedit
When using the less command, can you use the cursor keys on the keyboard to scroll up and down the contents of the file?
1) Yes
2) No
1) Yes
When using the less command, can you use the cursor keys on the keyboard to scroll up and down the contents of the file?
1) Yes
2) No
1) Yes
To perform a case-insensitive grep search, would you use the -a option to the grep command?
1) Yes
2) No
2) No
Is vim the Linux equivalent of vi?
1) Yes
2) No
1) Yes
Is the graphical Emacs editor harder to use than the Emacs editor?
1) Yes
2) No
2) No