4.05 Comparing Governments

International environmental policies encourage the reduction of reliance on fossil fuels such as natural gas. These policies are most likely to hurt the country of

Brazil

Russia

France

Mexico

Russia
Which of the following tends to increase when a country is becoming more democratic?

resources

poverty

literacy

crime

literacy
Democratization in a country

is discouraged by most of the world’s leaders

depends on both qualitative and quantitative data

can be determined by measuring the country’s GDP

tends to increase when it has a single valuable resource

depends on both qualitative and quantitative data
Which of the following is a true statement about Freedom House?

It is a non-governmental organization based in the United States that monitors and promotes democratization around the world.

It is an international group of government officials in Kyoto that find ways to encourage but not directly support democratization.

It is a non-governmental organization based on the Kyoto Protocol that monitors and promotes democratization around the world.

It is an international group of government officials in the United States that find ways to encourage but not directly support democratization.

It is a non-governmental organization based in the United States that monitors and promotes democratization around the world.
Which of the following explains the relationship between Internet use, GDP, and democratization?

All tend to decrease together because greater access to information and markets gives people more individual power.

All tend to increase together because greater access to information and markets gives people more individual power.

Internet use and GDP tend to decrease while democratization is in progress because it disrupts freedom of choice.

Internet use and GDP tend to increase while democratization is in progress because it disrupts freedom of choice.

All tend to increase together because greater access to information and markets gives people more individual power.
The unblocking of popular social media websites in Myanmar is an indication that

natural resources are abundant

democratization is taking place

natural resources are scarce

democratization is a failure

democratization is taking place
Which of the following best describes how a unitary government is different from the government of the United States?

It has a central government that exercises complete control over smaller units of government, like states.

It does not have a president or other executive authority that enforces laws and policy separate from lawmakers.

Its local or individual state governments have full sovereignty and only coordinate activities for mutual defense.

Its legislature has authority over the executive branch, with the ability to select and remove executive leaders.

It has a central government that exercises complete control over smaller units of government, like states.
What makes a parliamentary government different from the United States?

It has a unitary central government that exercises complete control over smaller units of government, like states.

It does not have a president or other executive authority that enforces laws and policy separate from lawmakers.

Its local or individual state governments have full sovereignty and only coordinate activities for mutual defense.

Its legislature has authority over the executive branch, with the ability to select and remove executive leaders.

Its legislature has authority over the executive branch, with the ability to select and remove executive leaders.
Canada has ten provinces that share power with the central government. Which of the following terms best describes this characteristic of Canada?

unitary

monarchy

federation

democracy

federation
The country of Oman is ruled by a monarchy, therefore Oman has which type of government?

democracy

autocracy

oligarchy

republic

autocracy
Canada and Mexico are similar to the United States because all three countries are described as

direct democracies and oligarchies

direct democracies and federations

indirect democracies and oligarchies

indirect democracies and federations

indirect democracies and federations
Which of the following is a true statement about the countries highlighted on the map?

They are the greatest supporters of international efforts to develop renewable and sustainable sources of energy.

They are major producers of a natural resource essential to the daily function of most countries around the world.

They are the world’s leaders in highest levels of democratization analyzed from qualitative and quantitative data.

They are monitoring and supporting efforts to increase democracy and sustainable resources around the world.

They are major producers of a natural resource essential to the daily function of most countries around the world.
This map reflects countries that have decided to

work individually on environmental policies that apply only within their own countries

collaborate with other countries to reach goals for reducing environmental emissions

stop international agreements on environmental policy found to create more harm

abide by international agreements to increase the use of nonrenewable resources

collaborate with other countries to reach goals for reducing environmental emissions