American Federal Government Chapter 10

The news provides a refracted version of reality because it
emphasizes dramatic and compelling news stories.
In comparison with today’s newspapers, early American newspapers
could not have survived without political party support.
The yellow journalism of the late nineteenth century was characterized by
the emphasis on sensationalism as a way of selling newspapers.
Objective journalism is based on the idea that the reporter’s job is to
report the facts and cover alternative sides of a partisan debate.
The FCC restriction requiring broadcasters to “afford reasonable opportunity for the discussion of conflicting views of public importance” was known as the
Fairness Doctrine.
Most successful Internet blogs
have a liberal bias.
The term “framing” is used to describe the
process of selection certain aspects of reality and making them the most salient part of the communication, thereby conveying a particular interpretation of a situation.
In contrast with European news media, American news media are more likely to
act primarily as neutral transmitters of information
In terms of news consumption, since the 1980s young adults
have been less informed than older ones.
The news media’s common-carrier role is based on the idea that
the press should provide a channel through which political leaders can communicate their views to the public.
Which institution receives the most news coverage from the national press?
the presidency
The “long tail” is a phenomenon related to the
rate of Internet news readership.
During the era of objective journalism, the commitment of newspapers to two-sided news reporting
did not extend to their editorializing.
On-the-scene coverage of a natural disaster is an example of the press’s role of
signaler.
Which of the following statements has been shown by scholarly research to be true?
Network journalists tend to be negative.
In the 1960s, presidential candidates
had longer sound bites, on average, in broadcast television newscasts.
The traditional media have “softened” their news by
infusing it with more stories about celebrities, crime, and the like.
______ once said, “You furnish the pictures and I’ll furnish the war”.
William Randolph Hearst
Yellow journalism contributed to public support for the
Spanish-American War.
The Gazette of the United States was founded to promote the policies of President
George Washington.
CNN and MSNBC have responded to Fox’s ratings success by
installing talk-show hosts with partisan or hard-edged appeals.
On both radio and television, most successful partisan talk shows
have been hosted by conservatives.