American Government- Unit 6

Read this quotation from President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Every man and every woman in this Nation-—regardless of party—who have the right to register and to vote, and the opportunity to register and to vote, have also the sacred obligation to register and to vote. For the free and secret ballot is the real keystone of our American Constitutional system.
-President Franklin D. Roosevelt
1944
This quotation addresses
a responsibility that all adult citizens share.
the need for voters to be aware of the issues.
the importance of political parties in elections.
a requirement of citizenship in the United States
a responsibility that all adult citizens share
Read the Oath of Allegiance of the United States.
I hereby declare, on oath . . . that I will support and defend the Constitution and laws of the United States of America against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I will bear arms [weapons] on behalf of the United States when required by the law . . . so help me God.
This oath is recited by
the US president on Inauguration Day.
a soldier when he or she joins the US military.
a US Supreme Court justice who joins the bench.
an immigrant who wants to become a US citizen
an immigrant who wants to become a US citizen
What is the best definition of a resident alien?
A resident alien is a person who lives in a country but is not a citizen of that country.
A resident alien is a person who was an immigrant but has become a citizen of the country.
A resident alien is a person who wants to move to another country for school or work.
A resident alien is a person who was living in another country illegally and has been deported
A resident alien is a person who lives in a country but is not a citizen of that country
To volunteer for national service, US citizens can
serve at homeless shelters.
work for religious programs.
join the volunteer firefighters.
take part in Teach for America.
take part in Teach for America
American citizens must pay federal taxes, which are paid via

income taxes.
sales taxes.
property taxes.
sin taxes.

income taxes
In the United States, potential jury members are notified of their duty by
a summons.
a phone call.
an e-mail.
a text message.
a summons.
The naturalization process involves several steps including
finding a citizen to serve as a sponsor.
living in the United States for two years.
taking and passing a two-part test.
writing an essay about citizenship
taking and passing a two-part test
The US Constitution defines citizenship in the
Thirteenth Amendment.
Fourteenth Amendment.
Fifteenth Amendment.
Sixteenth Amendment
Fourteenth Amendment
What do naturalized US citizens swear to do for their new country? Check all that apply.

They will bear arms during peacetime.
They will serve in the military when required.
They will support and defend the US Constitution.
They will show allegiance to the nation’s laws.
They will vote in local, state, and federal elections.
They will volunteer or contribute to political campaigns

They will serve in the military when required.
They will support and defend the US Constitution.
They will show allegiance to the nation’s laws
What is the first step in selecting US citizens to serve as members of a jury?
Possible jury members receive a court summons.
All possible jury members must report to the court.
Judges and lawyers choose the members of the jury.
The names of possible jurors are chosen at random
The names of possible jurors are chosen at The names of possible jurors are chosen at random
According to the Federal Election Commission, what is one action that a national party committee must perform?
hold a national convention
establish a national platform
sponsor several national debates
have national fund-raising events
hold a national convention
Debates are an important part of the election process, because they
focus on specific issues.
are used to propose new laws.
help voters choose the best party.
show the public how candidates deal with pressure
focus on specific issues
Which is at the top of the political party organization?

Volunteers
Local organizations
State parties
The National party

The National party
What led to the formation of political parties?
Certain individuals wanted to gain political power.
The writers of the Constitution disagreed on ideology.
The Constitution encouraged the concept of two political parties.
Groups of people decided to promote different legislative agendas
The writers of the Constitution disagreed on ideology
Why are third parties important in a political system?
They oppose the strongest party.
They participate in the debates.
They have the largest number of voters.
They draw votes away from each party
They draw votes away from each party
What is the purpose of a political party’s platform?
to persuade voters that the party cares about them
to state the goals of the party and its position on issues
to express the ideology that party candidates must and will uphold
to show voters that party members support the same ideals as the voters
to state the goals of the party and its position on issues
Which is a primary goal of debates?
to prove which party is best
to present potential candidates
to establish bipartisan agreements
to help voters understand public policy
to help voters understand public policy
Why are volunteers placed at the base of the political party organizational pyramid?
They perform the most essential tasks.
They represent their area in state parties.
They are paid the most amount of money by the party.
They work to get themselves elected to local government
They perform the most essential tasks.
Third parties play a significant role in the election process because they advocate _____
reform
inaction
stability
tradition
reform
What is a PAC?
a committee that provides support for a candidate
another name for a general election
an election held to choose candidates for office
a public meeting to choose candidates for office
a committee that provides support for a candidate
In a general election, each state has officials who count and ___ votes.
certify
In a closed primary, who selects a political party’s nominees for office?
all qualified voters
only party members
only party leaders
delegates
only party members
The most important role of election officials is to make sure that an election
takes place.
is administered fairly.
is inexpensive.
finishes on time
is administered fairly
Which of these arguments might be used by someone who supports strict campaign finance laws?
Finance laws violate the right to free speech.
Wealthy people have earned the right to make big campaign donations.
A corporation should be free to support whomever it wishes.
Corporations and labor unions have too much power
Corporations and labor unions have too much power
Public financing of a campaign comes from which of these sources?
wealthy donors
the government
foreign countries
the labor unions
the government
The final competition for elective office is called the
indirect primary.
general election.
closed primary.
caucus.
general election.
Read Justice John Paul Stevens’s dissenting opinion in the Citizens United case.
At bottom, the Court’s opinion is thus a rejection of the common sense of the American people, who have recognized a need to prevent corporations from undermining self government since the founding, and who have fought against the distinctive corrupting potential of corporate electioneering since the days of Theodore Roosevelt.
-Justice Stevens
Dissenting Opinion
Citizens United v. Federal Elections Commission

What does Justice Stevens say about the Court’s ruling?
Corporate money will make elections more likely to reflect the public will.
Corporate money will have no influence on elections.
Corporate money has changed since the days of Theodore Roosevelt.
Corporate money will make elections less likely to reflect the public will.

Corporate money will make elections less likely to reflect the public will.
In a political campaign, the person with the responsibility of contacting the media and creating printed materials is the
campaign manager.
fund-raising chairperson.
communications director.
volunteer coordinator.
communications director.
In which ways can voters cast ballots? Check all that apply.

in person
online
by absentee ballot
by mail
by telephone

in person
online
by absentee ballot
by mail
Which best describes what happens to voting districts every ten years?
They are reapportioned based on political party affiliation.
They are reapportioned based on information in the census.
They are reapportioned to give the federal government more power.
They are reapportioned to give the states more power.
They are reapportioned based on information in the census
Why do political parties most often try to gerrymander voting districts?
to gain a political advantage
to ensure an equal chance for all candidates
to prove they deserve the voters’ support
to keep each voting district the same shape
to gain a political advantage
Before people can take part in an election in the United States, they must
pass a written test about the Constitution.
register with their states to vote.
prove that they own property.
demonstrate the ability to speak proper English
register with their states to vote.
In the United States, at what age are citizens allowed to vote?
16
18
21
25
18
The ________ is the governmental body that regulates political action committees (PACs).
Federal Election Committee
Do lobbyists exert influence among all three branches of government? Why or why not?
Yes, they advise on rules and legislation and file briefs with the courts.
No, they focus on developing legislation.
Yes, they work with all three branches to develop policy.
No, the courts are immune to outside influences
Yes, they advise on rules and legislation and file briefs with the courts
Which of these are true of political action committees (PACs) but not of interest groups? Select all that apply.

PACs promote social causes.
PACs provide financial support to political campaigns.
PACs are international organizations.
PACs are supported by corporate interests.
PACs are regulated by the Federal Election Commission.

PACs provide financial support to political campaigns
PACs are regulated by the Federal Election Commission.
Which best describes why it is significant that lobbyists provide information to lawmakers?
They can disseminate false information to undermine opponents.
They are privy to information that is otherwise unavailable.
They offer precise information on voter positions.
They can tailor information to support their clients’ positions.
They can tailor information to support their clients’ positions
Which amendment to the Constitution gives people the right to petition the government for a redress of grievances?
First Amendment
Second Amendment
Fifth Amendment
Fourteenth Amendment
First Amendment
Political action committees (PACs) are formed by
lobbyists.
interest groups.
political campaigns.
super PACs.
interest groups.
Powerful and influential groups called _______ committees have arisen to finance political campaigns, mostly on a national level.
political action
interest group
petition
individual
political action
To which branch of the federal government did the National Rifle Association submit its brief in support of super PACs in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission?
judicial
Which best describes what social interest groups generally promote?
state religion
financial support for charities
international development
causes and values
causes and values
How does lobbying benefit the government?
Lobbying simplifies the decision-making process for lawmakers.
Lobbying presents all interests equally.
Lobbying helps educate and inform lawmakers.
Lobbying ensures that the public’s voice informs government decisions
The Internet and social media have increased the level of interactions between politicians and citizens, but how has their use changed the nature of the interactions?
Their use has made interactions more volatile.
Their use has structured the nature of the interactions.
Their use has increased the formality of the interactions.
Their use has required citizens to be proactive
Their use has required citizens to be proactive
Which best describes how social-networking sites help political campaigns, especially when compared to traditional media?
They allow supporters to publicly criticize opponents.
They ensure that a campaign’s message reaches a large audience.
They enable campaigns to sample public opinion.
They facilitate clear communication.
They enable campaigns to sample public opinion.
Do news entities provide only the facts? Why or why not?
Yes, news entities provide facts and leave it to the individual to interpret them.
No, news entities present only opinion-based information.
Yes, news entities report the facts, not what they think.
No, news entities offer opinions, debate, and interpretations of events.
No, news entities offer opinions, debate, and interpretations of events.
When policymakers use the media to deliver a message, what sort of response do they encourage from citizens?
new ideas
critiques
debates
complaints
new ideas
Which of these best describes what the media generally facilitate for the public?
the ability to actively participate in policy making
the ability to communicate with government officials and lawmakers
the ability to try to influence policy decisions
the ability to hear discussions on laws and the lawmaking process
the ability to hear discussions on laws and the lawmaking process
The _______ is the name of the publication produced by the government that covers debates occurring in Congress.
Congressional Record
How has the Internet changed the way voters interact with campaigns?
It has enabled more active participation by voters.
It has encouraged greater consideration of the issues by voters.
It has generated greater criticism of campaigns.
It has increased support for candidates and voting rates.
It has enabled more active participation by voters.
How might opinion polls negatively affect voter behaviors?
They often sway voters’ opinions on the issues.
They can motivate people to not vote.
They frequently influence voters’ stance on the candidates.
They persuade people to vote for particular issues and candidates
They can motivate people to not vote.
When policymakers use the media to deliver specific messages to citizens, what are policymakers trying to do?
solicit donations
promote policies
encourage debate
garner votes
promote policies
Which of these does the media allow the public to do?
stay informed about current and proposed laws
gain a comprehensive understanding of policy
ensure that everyone has access to the same information
develop highly informed opinions about current events
stay informed about current and proposed laws
In a direct primary, voters are
voting for a nominee through a delegate.
working to determine candidates for the nomination process
voting for a nominee themselves, not through a delegate.
working to elect their candidate of choice in the general election
voting for a nominee themselves, not through a delegate.
Which best describes how political action committees (PACs) enhance the power of individuals?
PACs enable individuals to donate unlimited amounts of money to campaigns.
PACs ensure that the voice of the individual is heard.
PACs facilitate individuals’ access to politicians.
PACs combine individuals’ donations into significant contributions.
PACs combine individuals’ donations into significant contributions.
How is the Democratic Party similar in beliefs to the Federalists?
Both strongly opposed slavery.
Both were formed because of a dispute.
Both supported a strong central government.
Both were organized on federal and state levels.
Both supported a strong central government.
What is one way in which parties demonstrate commitment to a platform?
by asking voters for monetary contributions to a campaign fund
by purchasing media advertisements to attack opposing philosophies
by ascertaining that all eligible voters in an area can and will vote
by encouraging and participating in debates over differing ideologies
by encouraging and participating in debates over differing ideologies
How is citizenship achieved in the United States? Check all that apply.

citizenship by birth
citizenship by residency
citizenship by naturalization
citizenship by employment
citizenship by immigration

citizenship by birth
citizenship by naturalization
Local organizations are organized by precincts, counties, and ____
wards
Which of these is a negative impact of lobbying?
It makes businesses too transparent.
It favors groups over the individual.
It enables outsiders to influence lawmakers.
It offers advantages to those with money
It offers advantages to those with money
Even though it is not a requirement, many American men
volunteer for the Peace Corps.
pay local, state, and federal taxes.
register for the draft at a certain age.
respond to summons to serve on juries.
volunteer for the Peace Corps.
When the United States was founded, who could vote?
all American citizens
all white men and women
only white male property owners
only men
only white male property owners
When campaign workers are canvassing neighborhoods, one of their goals is to
identify voters who will support their candidate.
sell campaign buttons door to door.
determine the income level of a community.
find out which candidate voters have selected.
identify voters who will support their candidate
Which best describes how the media influence the development of policy?
It keeps lawmakers apprised of what is happening throughout the government.
It informs the public, who can then convey their opinions to policymakers.
It presents opinions and ideas that inspire policymakers.
It facilitates informed communication between different parts of the government
It informs the public, who can then convey their opinions to policymakers
What is a requirement of all citizens in the United States?
Everyone over a certain age must register with the Selective Service System.
Everyone must be available to serve on a jury in response to a summons.
Everyone must cast a vote in all municipal, state, and federal elections.
Everyone over a certain age must volunteer for community service
Everyone must be available to serve on a jury in response to a summons
In addition to a primary, political parties can nominate candidates for general election through a
petition or a vote of party leaders.
caucus or a convention.
signature drive or a public rally.
referendum or a ballot initiative.
caucus or a convention.