AP Gov Patterson ch 10

The news provides a selective depiction of reality because it
emphasizes dramatic and compelling news stories
In comparison with today’s newspapers, early American newspapers were
could not have survived without political party support
The technological change that brought about the decline of the partisan press was
The invention of the high speed rotary press
The yellow journalism of 1900 was characterized by
The emphasis of sensationalism as a way of selling newspapers
Objective reporting is based on the idea that the reporters job is to
Report the facts and cover alternative sides of a partisan debate
The communications act
Imposed on broadcasters an “equal time” restriction that prevented preference for some political candidates over others
Broadcasting revolutionized the American media because it
Reached millions of people simultaneously
The federal governments licensing of broadcasting is based primarily on
The scarcity of broadcasting frequencies
Freedom of the press is substantial in the United States because
All of these answers are correct
The term “framing” is used to describe
The process of selecting certain aspects of reality and making them the most salient part of the communication, thereby conveying a particular interpretation of a situation
American need reporting is
None of the answers are correct
The FCCs equal time requirement
Prohibits broadcasters from selling or giving time to political candidates and denying it to their opponents
When compared with their counterparts in Great Britain, Germany, Sweden and Italy, US journalists were more likely to
One of the reasons that the reporting of national news is reported
A small number of news organizations and news services generate most of the news
What story describing actions by the Bush administration, reported by The New York Times in 2005, was then criticized by the Bush administration as damaging to national security?
The media have professional norm and standards that create
In contrast to European news media, American news media are more likely to
act primarily as neutral transmitters of information
The media perform the signaling role by
Informing the public of important news developments as quickly as possible
In terms of news consumption, since the 1980s young adults
Have been less informed than the older ones
The news medias common-carrier role is based on the idea that
the press should provide a channel through which political leaders can communicate their views to the public
Which institution receives the most news coverage from the nation press?
The presidency
The watergate scandal illustrates the
Power of the media to serve as watchdog to safeguard against abuse of powers
Agenda setting is an action that falls under which of the major roles played by the press?
Signaler
Which of the following has the lowest public confidence rating of any major American institution?
The reason the news product is designed to fascinate as well as to inform is because
news organizations are fundamentally businesses and must obtain revenue to survive
On both radio and television, most successful partisan talk shows
have been hosted by conservatives
CNN and MSNBC have responded to Fox’s success by
installing talk-show hosts with partisan or hard-edged appeals
Which of the following statements is true
Objective journalism is based on communication of facts and fairness
The Gazette of the United States was founded to promote the policies of President
George Washington
The special contribution of internet-based news is that it
Provides the ordinary citizen with an opportunity to be part of the news system
Which newspaper was the first to reduce the price of a daily copy to a penny?
The New York Sun
Yellow journalism contributed to public support for the
Spanish-American War
____ once said, “you furnish the pictures and I’ll furnish the war”
William Randolph Hearst
The traditional media have “softened” their news by
Infusing it with more stories about celebrities, crime, and the like
The internet has
In the 1960s, presidential candidates
Had longer sound bites, on average, in broadcast television newscasts
Which of the following characteristics does the internet have that the traditional media lacks?
Which of the following statements has been shown by scholarly research to be true?
Network journalists tend to be negative
On-the-scene coverage of a natural disaster is an example of the press’s role of
Signaler
During what decade did the American news audience change from a growing to shrinking one?
The 1980s
The need media are usually guided by events that
Are timely
Historically, the American press has shifted from
A political to journalistic orientation
The commitment of the contemporary traditional media to two-sided news reporting
The average length of time that presidential candidates are shown speaking without interpretation on television broadcasts
Which journalists are more likely to agree that they should be as nonpartisan in their reporting?