We all took intelligence tests in school at different grade levels and most children still do. In elementary and middle schools in Tennessee, they administer the Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program, which Is used to measure the academic skill level based on the grade level. Most high school students take the American College Test or the Scholastic Aptitude Test In preparation for college.
Today many organizations are seeking new ways to find applicants and Intelligence testing Is a retreat way of selecting applicants for open positions. These tests are referred to as aptitude tests or skills tests and they have become common around the world to measure, not only school aged children, but the skills of potential employees. However, one question does come to mind when I think about intelligence testing; how effective are intelligence tests?
This paper will seek to analyze theories of intelligence and focus on how effective intelligence tests really are. Intelligence Testing There are many ways In which one can define the word Intelligence. According to Shirker and Levy (2010), It can be defined as the capacity to acquire knowledge, problem solving skills, a set of mental ablest or skills that allow you to understand. Intelligence tests seek to measure an Individual’s cognitive abilities; for example how one comprehends and processes information (Specter, 2008). Cognitive skills are measured through an applicant’s performance of mathematics and verbal reasoning (Specter, 2008). These types of tests can be administered to large groups of people at one time and are fairly inexpensive. They are used in schools and administered to lasses of children at one time and within organizations during group or one-on-one interviews. The scoring for intelligence testing is based on how fast the test is completed its accuracy (Specter, 2008). Intelligence Theories General intelligence is a theory formed by Charles Superman.
General intelligence, also known as the g factor, uses factor analysis to measure performance In cognitive testing (Duncan et al. , 2000). “Factor analysis can be used to show which tasks are most correlated with g and are thus the best general Intelligence measures; often, Hess turn out to be tests of novel problem solving such as Raven’s Pro-aggressive Matrices” (Ducal et al.. 2000). Cognitive tests encourage the idea of general those who do not tend to low g-scores (Ducal et al. , 2000).
Another intelligence theory is that of Multiple Intelligences by Howard Gardner. Gardener’s theory proposed that there were eight different kinds of intelligences based on one’s skills and abilities (Helping, 2009). Gardner does not agree with intelligence testing because it only covers two areas of intelligence linguistic/verbal and spatial/ thematic (Helping, 2009). Gardner believe that this was two narrow minded and that intelligence cannot be measured in Just those two areas (Helping, 2009).
Despite Gardener’s efforts most standardized intelligence tests today still focus primarily on linguistic/verbal and spatial/mathematical intelligences (Helping, 2009). Effectiveness of Intelligence Testing According to Benson (2003), one of psychology supreme achievements and widely used inventions is the standardized intelligence test. Intelligence test have helped to identify children with learning disabilities and assisted the U. S. Military in selecting recruits for specific Jobs that are suited to their individual skills (Benson, 2003).
However, there are strong opinions of bias with the testing practices and that it limits ones creativity (Benson, 2003). Intelligence researchers have updated tests to reflect new theories and are moving away from the traditional tests and have developed new ways of creating, administering, and interpreting the tests (Benson, 2003). Despite the bias opinions, intelligence tests are still in great demand because the assists teachers on how they can better teach children with learning disabilities (Benson, 2003).
Intelligence tests also help psychologists with making recommendations on what to teach children that will benefit them the most. Intelligence tests are often criticized because some believe them to be invalid and unfair, but they do not realize that the alternatives are worse (Benson, 2003). Conclusion Intelligence can be defined in many different ways. Intelligence testing can be used for many different reasons; such as Job selection and identifying learning disabilities mongo children.