Engineering Engineers are highly trained scientists who use engineering and life science principles to research biological aspects of animal and human life (1). Some tasks of a engineer Include, developing new theories, modifying, testing, and proving existing theories, and designing health care instruments and devices or apply engineering principles to the study of human systems. Engineering has been created by advancements In technology. It Is an interdisciplinary field that brings together two respected professions, biology and engineering.
The profession was developed primarily after 1945, as a new technology allowed for the application of engineering principles to biology (2). Employers for engineers include hospitals, industry, research facilities of educational and medical institutions, teaching, and government regulatory agencies (1 The Jobs Involve working closely with life scientists, members of the medical profession, and chemists. Most work revolves around the laboratory. In engineering design, medical instruments and devices are developed.
Engineers work on artificial organs and surgical lasers, for example. Engineers design and build systems that will update hospital, laboratory, and clinical procedures. They also train health care personnel in the proper use of this new equipment. Within engineering, and Individual may concentrate on a particular specialty area. Some of the well-established areas are bio instrumentation, , , systems physiology, clinical engineering, and rehabilitation engineering (2).
All of these areas depend on each other in order to be successful. Is mechanics applies to biological or medical problems. Examples include the artificial heart or kidney. Bio instrumentation is the application of electronics and measurement principles and techniques to develop devices used In diagnosis and treatment of disease (2). “Educational requirements include a strong commitment to learning and being scientifically inclined” (1). Being able to apply knowledge in problem solving is a large part of engineering.
Becoming a engineer requires long years f schooling because a engineer needs to be an expert in the fields of engineering and biology. Being familiar with chemical, material, and electrical engineering as well as physiology and computers Is Important (1). Most engineers have an undergraduate degree in engineering or a related field and a PH. D. In some facet of engineering. At least a bachelor’s degree is needed in engineering to become a engineer.
It usually takes four or five years to earn this degree (3). The salary scale for engineering varies with the amount of education and starts at approximately $23,000. Engineers with a master’s degree could start at about $26,000,and those with a doctorate at around $28,000. The average salary for all engineers in the federal government is $38,000 a year. Instructors earn about $26,800 and professors earn about $63,000 (1). Earnings in the private sector generally run higher than those in government or education careers (2).
In the , there were more than four thousand engineers in the United States. They are employed in all parts of the country in hospitals, colleges and universities, medical and engineering schools, federal and state agencies, and private industry. “It is expected that there will be greater need for skilled engineers through the ” (2). Prospects look particularly good in the large health care industry, which will continue to grow rapidly, primarily because people are living longer (1).