Free Sample: Biotechnology paper example for writing essay

Biotechnology - Essay Example

Biotechnology BY sepal-Aria Biotechnology and its Prospects: Past and Present situation in Nepal The word ‘biotechnology itself sounds whimsical and it does have some research glamour on It but in the simplest way biotechnology Is the research oriented subject where people can do research from zero level to gene level. Science and Innovation has taken a great leap, have deciphered thousands of human life related riddles that were unanswered two decades ago. In quest of discoveries, biotechnology has emerged as a new field with a wide and deep scope which is why, biotechnology is one of the eating areas in life sciences research.

Many experts label biotechnology as a new arena of science but rather than being a completely novel subject, it is an advancement of some of the ancient techniques. Though the term ‘biotechnology seems new, the fact is, our ancestors used to practice it since ancient times way before the emergence of the term itself. For instance, fermentation technology is a vital area of biotechnology and it is used all around the world in brewing industry, dairy industry and many others, but it is also true that It has been ongoing from entries ago.

Some people would like to define biotechnology as an area of study where we can play In molecular and gene levels. In context of Nepal, this area Is still In nascent stage not because of lack of qualified researchers but because of lack of vital Infrastructure, research and development (R&D) section and also due to the dearth of proper law, policies and regulations. Nevertheless, there are very few institutions that offer undergraduate and post graduate degree in biotechnology in Nepal.

In case of undergraduate study, some institutions offer Bachelor of Science BBS) in Biotechnology such as in SCAN International College and Lord Buddha Education Foundation (LUBE), while Bachelor of Technology (Batch) in Biotechnology program is offered in Katmandu University, Whitehorse Institute of Science and Technology (being refrained as Asian Institute of Technology and Management) and Kantian Valley College. The main difference In BBS and tech programs Is the courses that are Incorporated in each program.

Batch program comprises more engineering portions than In BBS however both of these programs incorporate all the essential core courses of biotechnology. The major courses being offered with biotechnology programs are basic physics, chemistry, mathematics, computer programming and core courses such as microbiology, immunology, cell biology, biochemistry, molecular biology, genetic engineering, statistics, developmental biology, enzyme technology, plant and animal tissue culture, plant and animal biotechnology, food and environmental biotechnology and bioinformatics.

The courses such as biochemical engineering, processes engineering, downstream processing, chemical engineering, electrical engineering etc. Are also included within Batch program. As for the post graduate degree, we have Ms Biotechnology In Central Department of Biotechnology (Tribunal University), Lord Buddha Education Foundation (LUBE) and National College under NIST Education Foundation. It Is really unfortunate that biotechnology Is still not being formally recognized as a vital research area here in Nepal.

To be blunt, we are compelled to practice the same are almost no substantial discoveries and innovation from Naples researchers. We have renowned experts and the dedicated scientists but their full potentials are not Ewing explored due to negligible funding provided by the government and the forever burning issue of load shedding. However, biotechnologist from Nepal are determined to take it to the next level.

Establishment of organizations such as Nepal Academy of Science and Technology, Nepal Agriculture Research Council, Centre for Molecular Dynamics- Nepal, Research Institute for Bioscience and Biotechnology, Great Nepal etc. Are fueling up the scope and importance of biotechnology. Young biotechnologist are now evolving even more competent as entrepreneurs and this is he positive sign for young people who are determined to change the economy of country by establishing biotech companies.

We need more research institutes but we need even more biotech industries to apply the research outcomes to produce cost effective products. Biotech products such as tissue cultured disease free plants and seeds, befouls, vaccines, antibodies, drugs from medicinal plants, antibiotics etc. Must be manufactured in a commercial scale by biotech industries. This approach not only generates employment opportunities and assist in uplifting economy but also contribute towards human welfare and society.

However, improvements so far are not ample enough. In global scenario, foundation and prospects of this area are much more robust and it’s mounting day by day. Naples researchers need more state of art education, cutting edge technology and quality research exposure in order to be competent for the global market. But it is a matter of great relief that despite of the slow improvement of this field in Nepal, we can proudly say that we are in a better status in comparison to the condition that this field had 6 years earlier.

Each individual must be aware about the plethora of opportunities that biotechnology sector provides to the scientific community and the society. What we need to focus is on quality rather quantity of researches. Naples young biotechnologist are doing good Job on research fields and they are capable of conducting high quality research works. To be a refined scientist, a biotechnologist needs to possess three basic qualities: knowledge on core subjects, passion for research work, and the patience to conduct research works. Biotechnology, itself a multidisciplinary subject and offers various research areas.

For instance, biotechnologist can pursue careers in biomedical sciences such as in disease diagnosis and therapeutics ranging from infection to cancer or agriculture, pharmaceuticals and drug discovery, food and intracellular, environment, clean energy and renewable energy etc. It would not be wrong to say that biotechnology is a highway with lots of sub roads. It depends on which way an individual desires to explore. Nowadays young students are captivated towards this subject for their higher study because of the global prospects it holds.

Free Sample: Biotechnology paper example for writing essay

Biotechnology - Essay Example

A candidate who visualizes in this field is known as a biotechnologist. There are lots of career opportunities in this field for young aspirants both in India as well as in aboard for biotechnologist. Scope of biotechnology is rising in certain filled which include: – Gene therapy Tissue culture ; Meticulousness’s Genetic Engineering Plant-based drugs Rational drug design Stem cell techniques New DNA technologies Photosynthetic efficiency Enzyme engineering and technology List of Courses: – Diploma in Biotechnology Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology Bachelor of Science (Honors) in Biotechnology

Master of Science In Biotechnology Master of Science (Honors) in Biotechnology Master of Science Agriculture in Biotechnology Master of Science Marine in Biotechnology Master of Business Administration In Biotechnology Doctor of Philosophy In Biotechnology Basic Illegibility For admission in a bachelor’s degree, the candidate must have passed the higher ‘OFF math and chemistry. The duration for this course is 3 years. The eligibility criteria for pursuing a master’s degree are holding a bachelor’s degree with science subjects such as biology, math and chemistry. The duration for this course is 2 years.

Specializations Some of the fields of specialization are: – Genetics Biochemistry Physiology ; Botany Microbiology Biophysics Pharmacology Horticulture Tissue Culture Animal Sciences Dairy Technology Molecular Biology Agricultural Engineering Job Prospects Biotechnology is one of the top career choices made by students in India. There are lots of career opportunities in this field. Graduates can seek employment in chemical industries, agricultural sectors, pharmaceutical and manufacturing industries. Professionals in this career can also opt for teaching Jobs in universities and colleges.

Bio-technologists can seek employment in research laboratories, which are run by government or private sector. Professionals can seek Job opportunities in private sectors such as food processing and agro based industries, pharmaceutical farms and aquaculture. Environmental experts are also employed in different government agencies and private institutions. Biotechnologist can also opt for science writer in media houses. Some Job options: – Chemicals experimentations Waste management Food processing Environment control Public funded laboratories Bio-processing industries Drug and pharmaceutical research

Remuneration: – Biotechnology is a rewarding and promising career option. The compensation of a biotechnologist working in RA search organization or a public sector industry is set according to the government standards. Professionals employed in corporate houses and industries can earn handsome salary. A graduate trainee in this field can initially earn around RSI. 15,000- 20,000 every month. Professionals working in private colleges can earn good salary depending upon their experience. Fresh IT pass out graduates working in corporate sector can earn salary between RSI. 70,000 – RSI. 5,000 ere annum. Some of the biotechnology companies in India: – ; Excel Industries Limited, Iambi ; Brainwave Bioinformatics Ltd. , Achaean Catalyst Pharmacy Consulting , Iambi Hi Tech Bio Laboratories, Pane Arioso Pharmaceuticals Ltd. , Iambi Cisco Research Laboratories Pet. Ltd. , Iambi Rajah Gandhi Center for Biotechnology, Kraal (RACE) Biotech Consortium India Limited, New Delhi All India Biotech Association (AIBO), New Delhi Marshal Pharmacy Biotech Asia Pacific Ltd. , Achaean Career in Biotechnology The applications of this branch of science are vast and simply mind-boggling.

On one and, it caters to the industrial sector such as food and beverages industry, textiles industry, biological products, medicines and pharmaceuticals while on the other hand this branch of science caters to the requirements of agriculture, animal husbandry, nutrition and environmental conservation. The list is a long and an envious one. What’s more, the branch of science we are talking about is in itself not confined or bound as a single discipline. Rather it is an interdisciplinary branch of science that is rapidly gaining significance and opportunities for youngsters who want to explore the ewe frontiers of science are immense.

The name of the discipline is Biotechnology. Although, the name may suggest that this branch of science is steeped in biology but this is not the case. Apart from biology, this branch of science also assimilates diverse subjects like physics, chemistry and mathematics. Furthermore, engineering applications are also an integral constituent of biotechnology. The concepts derived from this dissimilar mix of sciences are applied to biological matter, generally living cells, for developing new and improved biological and industrial products.

Most of the work done by professionals engaged in biotechnology is concerned with research and development work in various laboratories. Students are showing tremendous interest in biotechnology. The primary reason behind this interest emerges from the fact that the technical and procedural application of biotechnology touches a vast array of disciplines. This in turn opens a lot many Job portals for students who are seeking a stable career in their life. Biotechnology, along with its many sub-fields, finds use in so many applications that many new fields have and are being derived from within it.

Step-by-Step In opting for a specialized profession such as biotechnology, you must plan your career right from your school days. In this context, the combination of subjects of study at the 10+2 level must primarily include Biology, Chemistry, Physics and even Mathematics. Once you have finished schooling you can opt for a suitable undergraduate program (BBS, BE, Batch) in Biotechnology from various academic institutions spread across the country. The duration of a BBS program in biotechnology is three years whereas it is four years for BE and Batch courses.

The eligibility criterion for getting into an undergraduate program varies from one institution to another. In some colleges the eligibility criteria includes a 10+2 with 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics. In some other institutions, the 10+2 pass percentage required is 55%. Whereas some colleges qualification and others take into account the physics, chemistry and mathematics combination. Once this eligibility criterion is met, you can get admission in to BBS programs.

However, for many undergraduate courses in biotechnology you need to sit for common engineering entrance exams such as: ; The Joint Entrance Examination for Its (TEKTITE): for admission to various Its ; All-India Engineering Entrance Exam (IEEE): for admission to various National Institutes of Technology or regional engineering colleges Other than these common entrance examinations, engineering institutions offering undergraduate programs conduct their own entrance examinations. The result of these entrances will allow you get admission to an undergraduate course in biotechnology in reputed engineering colleges.

Once you have earned a graduate degree in this field you can go for the master’s level (Ms, ME, Match). For a Masters in Biotechnology, you should either have a graduate degree in biotechnology or in any subject that is related to biological sciences. A graduate degree in subjects such as biochemistry, biology, botany, chemistry, microbiology, pharmacy, veterinary sciences or zoology is acceptable for an entry into a post-graduate program in biotechnology. Apart from undergraduate programs, many colleges and universities offer five and five-and-a-half year integrate programs (Batch/Match) for students.

It should be kept in mind that a post-graduate qualification in biotechnology is a must to enter the refutable and ever-expanding field of botanical applications. As it is a blend of numerous disciplines, you have to do a specialization in a number of fields. Some of the common areas of research include fields like: Agriculture and Agricultural Development, Animal Husbandry, Biochemistry, Biophysics, Botany, Dairy Technology, Environmental Protection, Fishery Development, Genetics, Horticulture, Medicine, Microbiology, Molecular Biology, Nutrition, Pharmacology, Tissue Culture and Zoology.

After post-graduation, you can apply for a doctoral program and from then on if need e, immerse yourself in post-doctoral research. Here, it is important to point out that a majority of students prefer to do their PhD and post-doctoral research from foreign universities. Start Early To follow biotechnology as a preferred profession, you must have a sound grounding in science from the early school days. You must have keen interest in various branches of science not Just for study sake or for obtaining good grades.

Rather, you must have a keen perception to understand scientific applications and even keep pace with the latest news from the scientific world. Technology or any subject that is directly or indirectly related to biological sciences. Remember a masters degree is a must to make a successful career in the domain of biotechnology. Is it the Right Career for Me? Important traits for getting into this domain are a high degree of intelligence and a general aptitude for science and scientific applications.

Since biotechnology is redefining the boundaries of science, to become a part of such an innovative field you must posses an inherent attitude of originality and imagination. Other skills that will sail you through a successful and a fulfilling career n this path-breaking area are perseverance, immense patience, analytical proficiency, ability to work for long hours, team spirit and communication skills. What would it Cost Me? A typical course in biotechnology can annually cost you anywhere between RSI 20,000 to RSI or above depending on the college you study.

Usually, government and regional colleges that select students through tough entrance exams charge less as compared to programs offered by private owned colleges. Funding/Scholarship Various academic institutions and universities offer scholarships to deserving dents who perform extraordinarily in the entrance test and post-entrance interviews. However, easy loans are available from banks for students to pursue their academics. The money borrowed may be returned after a student gets a Job.

For instance, State Bank of India, Allahabad Bank, State Bank of Moser and Bank of Abroad are some popular banks that offer attractive loans to students. These loans include library fees, book purchases, travel expenses and often allow students to purchase computers, accessories and scientific instruments required to complete their work. Biotechnology assimilates in itself a number of disciplines. Further, there is a great demand for botanical experts in countless industries and sectors.

The following are applications where biotechnological techniques are used extensively: ; Agriculture ; Animal Husbandry ; Environment Conservation ; Genetic Engineering ; Health Care ; Medicine Career opportunities for students in biotechnology abound. Those specializing in different sub-disciplines of this field can easily find Jobs in both private and government sector undertakings. If you have acquired a post-graduate degree in Technology then you can easily find a suitable position in a number of industries.

Major recruiters include industries engaged in processing and developing agricultural and biological products, bio-processing industries, pharmaceutical and chemical industries. There are ample opportunities in industries producing healthcare products, textile industry, cosmetics and organizations engaged in different types of industrial research and development. These days a growing number of qualified botanical professionals are engaged by different industries for environment protection activities and for the safe disposal of gizzards materials.

Pay Packet Like any other Job profile, the pay packet largely depends on your academic qualification, your area of specialization and the institution from where you have earned your degree. Fresh graduates in this field can generally bag a monthly salary in the range of RSI 8,000 to RSI 20,000. It has been observed that candidates with a Masters degree in Biotechnology get a better starting salary as compared with students who Just have a graduate degree in this field. With an increase in the level of experience, there is abundant scope for eating fatter pay cheeses in this exciting and inspiring profession.

Demand and Supply A number of factors determine the demand of professionals from this interdisciplinary field. India primarily being an agrarian economy, requires professionals who can improve agrarian practices and optimism agricultural output. The growing population of the country requires improved life sciences related products and medicines. This in turn fuels the demand for an increased research and development of vaccines, medicines, tissue culture methods and so on. There is a steady demand for these professionals in numerous organizations engaged in different types of industrial research and development.

On the supply side, technical colleges are trying their best to meet the growing demand for qualified professionals. One major problem faced on the demand side is that a vast majority of students who are engaged in cutting edge research often tend to leave India to complete their tend to stay and work abroad. Market Watch Biotechnology has been making steady progress in last decade and a half. More than half of the earnings from this industry currently come from exports and the trend is expected to remain the same in the coming years.

Although, students doing research work in this field have a tendency to work in foreign countries, yet there is huge potential for students who wish to stay and work in India. According to a recent survey, India is stated to become an international focal point for development of biotechnology. The areas where biotechnology has grown in India includes Agricultural Biotechnology, Animal Husbandry, Bioinformatics, Bio fertilizers and Dairy development. Growth has also been seen in the area of Bio-resource Development, Plant Biology, Marine Biotechnology, Microbiology, Genetic research.

The changes in the patent regime along with the initiatives taken by the government are expected to bear fruit. All this will lead to a rapid growth and expansion of biotechnological industries in the country. International Focus At the international level, India has started making its presence felt in the domain of biotechnology. However, there is tremendous scope for graduate and post-graduate students from this field especially in the United States and in European countries. A large number of post-graduate students and research scholars tend to move out of India to complete their higher studies.

Furthermore, these students prefer to seek employment in the country where they complete their studies or research projects. Positives/Negatives ; This is an upcoming and constantly growing science and has worldwide scope especially in terms of research. ; The scope for research is very wide and efficient work gets fast acclamation within multinationals. ; If you succeed in clearing the tests and interviews, it is assumed you are the right fit for the profession. ; The number of seats for biotechnology courses is very limited across colleges in imprison with subjects such as physics, chemistry or biology. Scenically expert. ; The number of companies employing biotechnology students is less when compared with number of companies hiring IT professionals or finance professionals. ; You will have to put in a lot of hard work which can be frustrating at times. ; This is not a profession for people who want to make fast buck but for people who are looking for a long and a well charted career. Different roles, different names Biotechnology, as the name suggests is the technology of biology and the scope of both put together.

Free Sample: Biotechnology paper example for writing essay

Biotechnology - Essay Example

At its simplest, biotechnology is technology based on biology – biotechnology harnesses cellular and bimolecular processes to develop technologies and products that help Improve our lives and the health of our planet. We have used the biological processes of microorganisms for more than 6,000 years to make useful food products, such as bread and cheese, and to preserve dairy products.

Modern biotechnology provides breakthrough products and technologies to combat debilitating and rare sissies, reduce our environmental footprint, feed the hungry, use less and cleaner energy, and have safer, cleaner and more efficient industrial manufacturing processes. Currently, there are more than 250 biotechnology health care products and vaccines available to patients, many for previously untreatable diseases. More than 13. 3 million farmers around the world use agricultural biotechnology to increase yields, prevent damage from insects and pests and reduce farming’s impact on the environment.

And more than 50 forefinger’s are being built across North America to test and refine technologies to produce befouls and chemicals from renewable biomass, which can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Recent advances In biotechnology are helping us prepare for and meet society’s most pressing challenges. Here’s how: Heal the World Biotech Is helping to heal the world by harnessing nature’s own toolbox and using our own genetic makeup to heal and guide lines of research by: Reducing rates of infectious disease; Saving millions of children’s lives;

Changing the odds of serious, life-threatening conditions affecting millions around the world; Tailoring treatments to individuals to minimize health risks and side effects; Creating more precise tools for disease detection; and Combating serious illnesses and everyday threats confronting the developing world. Fuel the World Biotech uses biological processes such as fermentation and harnesses biostatistics such as enzymes, yeast, and other microbes to become microscopic manufacturing plants.

Biotech Is helping to fuel the world by: Streamlining the steps In chemical manufacturing processes by 80% or more; Lowering the temperature for cleaning clothes and potentially saving $4. 1 billion annually; Improving manufacturing process efficiency to save 50% or more on operating costs; Reducing use of and reliance on petrochemicals; Using befouls to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 52% or more; Decreasing water usage and waste generation; and Tapping into the full potential of traditional biomass waste products.

Feed the World Biotech improves crop Insect resistance, enhances crop herbicide tolerance and acclimates the use of more environmentally sustainable farming practices. Biotech Is helping to feed the world by: Generating higher crop yields with fewer Inputs; Lowering volumes of agricultural chemicals required by crops-limiting the run-off of these products Into the environment; using biotech crops that need fewer applications of pesticides and that allow farmers to reduce tilling farmland; deficiencies; Producing foods free of allergens and toxins such as nicotine; and Improving food and crop oil content to help improve cardiovascular health.