CGS 2100 EXAM1

nanotechnology
the study of incredibly small computing devices built at the molecular level, is one field that is expanding and offers great potential but requires computer literacy.
computer forensics
the application of computer systems and techniques to gather potential legal evidence; a law enforcement specialty used to fight high-tech crime
affective computing
a type of computing that relates to emotion or deliberately tries to influence emotion.
computer literate
being familiar enough with computers that you understand their capabilities and limitations and know how to use them.
spam
unwanted or junk e-mail
bluetooth technology
a type of wireless technology that uses radio waves to transmit date over short distances. often used to connect peripherals such as printers and keyboards to computers or headsets to cell phones.
digital home
a home that has a computer and other digital devices that are all connected to a home network.
information technology
(IT) the set of techniques used in processing and retrieving information.
digital divide
the discrepancy between those who have access to the opportunities and knowledge computers and internet offer and those who don’t.
offshoring
the process of sending jobs formerly performed in the U.S to other countries.
data mining
the process by which great amounts of data are analyzed and investigated to spot significant patterns or trends within the data that would otherwise not be obvious.
nanoscience
the study of molecules and nanostructures whose size range from 1 to 100 nanometers
patient simulator
a computer-controlled mannequin that stimulates human body functions and reactions. patient simulators are used in training doctors, nurses, and emergency services personnel by stimulating dangerous situations that would put live patients at risk.
public domain
the status of software (or other created works) that are not protected by copyright.
radio frequency identification tags
a tag that looks like a sticker or label, is attached to a batch of merchandise, and contains a microship that holds a unique sequence of numbers used to identify the product to which it is attached.
software
the set of computer programs or instructions that tells the computer what to do and enables it to perform different tasks.
Which is NOT a current use of computers in the military?
Using RFID tags to avert potential crises like E. coli epidemics
Artists interface with technology often, but cannot yet
use computers to generate images that respond to the environment.
People who do not read emotion easily in others hope for new progress in the field of
affective computing
A
necessary ingredient for a digital home is a
network.
Automotive technology requires an understanding of computers to
run sensors and CPU diagnostics for a vehicle’s many computerized subsystems.
A a. a PSS.
device that tracks movement is
an RFID tag
Computer forensics uses computer systems and technology to
gather potential legal evidence
IT is the abbreviation for
information technology
Which allows retailers to respond to consumer buying patterns?
Data mining
Robotic surgery devices help physicians because
they make incisions that are more accurate
Researchers believe that microchips may one day restore sight to the blind
true
Anyone can become computer literate—no matter what their degree of technical expertise.
true
Supercomputers can accurately forecast tornadoes within minutes.
false
Many modern museums offer WiFi networks and multimedia downloads to their patrons
to enrich their experience.
true
Criminal investigators may find evidence on a computer, but that evidence cannot be used
in court.
false
CPU
(central processing unit) the part of the system unit of a computer that is responsible for data processing (brains of the computer). largest and most important chip in the computer. controls all the functions performed by the computer’s other components and process all the commands issued to it by software instructions.
DVI
(digital video interface) video interface technology that newer LCD monitors, as well as other multimedia devices such as television, DVD players, and projectors, use to connect to a PC.
ergonomics
how a user sets up his or her computer and other equipment to minimize risk of injury or discomfort
external hard drive
an internal hard drive that is enclosed in a protective case to make it portable; the drive is connected to the computer with a data transfer cable and is often used to back up data.
FireWire
an interface port that transfers data at 400 Mbps.
inkjet printer
a nonimpact printer that sprays tiny drops of ink onto paper
laser printer
a nonimpact printer known for quick and quiet production and high quality printouts.
LCD
(liquid crystal display) the technology used in flat-panel computer monitors.
microphone
(mic) a device that allows you to capture sound waves, such as those created by your voice, and transfer them to digital format in your computer.
monitor
(display screen) a common output device that displays text, graphics, and video as soft copies (copies hat can be seen only on a screen)
mouse
a hardware device used to enter user responses and commands into a computer.
notebook
a small, compact portable computer.
optical mouse
a mouse that uses an internal sensor or laser to control the mouses movement. the sensor sends signals to the computer, telling it where to move the pointer on the screen.
QWERTY keyboard
a keyboard that is distinguished by the first six letters on the top left row of alphabetic keys on the keyboard.
RAM
(random access memory) the computer temporary storage space or short-term memory, it is located in a set of chips on the systems unit’s motherboard and its capacity is measured in megabytes or gigabytes.
ROM
(read-only memory) a set of memory chips, located on the motherboard, which stores data and instructions that cannot be changed or erased; it holds all the instructions the computer needs to start up.
speakers
an output device for sound.
SSD
(solid state drive) a drive that uses the same kind of memory that a flash drive use, but can reach date in only a tenth of the time a flash drive requires.
system unit
the metal or plastic case that holds all the physical parts of the computer together, including the computers processor (brain), memory, and the many circuit boards that help the computer function.
USB
(universal serial bus) a port that connect a wide variety of peripheral devices to the computer, including keyboards, printers, mice, smartphones, PDAs, flash drives, and digital cameras.
webcam
a small camera that sits on top of a computer monitor (connected to the computer by a cable) or is built into a notebook computer and is usually used to transfer live video.
What controls the way in which your computer system functions?
operating system
Which is the most common type of monitor?
LCD monitor
What enables your computer to connect with other computers?
network interface card
Which is NOT another name for a flash drive?
Zip
To add additional ports to your computer, what do you need?
an expansion card
Which holds the instructions the computer needs to start up?
ROM
Which is TRUE about mainframe computers?
They support hundreds of users simultaneously
Which is important to consider when buying a printer?
duty cycle, resolution, cost of consumables
Which are storage devices
external hard drive, DVD, flash memory card.
What lets you transfer digital data between your computer and devices such as digital cameras?
flash memory card
The CPU clock speed determines the performance of the CPU.
false
The hard drive is an example of a nonvolatile storage device.
true
Ergonomics is important only with desktop computers, not mobile devices.
false
For printing photos, printing at 1,200 dpi is sufficient.
false
Some mice include wireless USB receivers that contain flash memory to store your files.
true
blogs (weblogs)
a website that has aimed to share articles, personal writing
bookmarks
a feature in some browsers that places a marker of a web site’s URL in an easily retrievable list. (favorites in microsoft internet)
broadband
a high speed internet connection such as cable, satellite, or digital subscriber line (DSL)
DSL
(digital subscriber line) a type of connection that uses telephone lines to connect to the internet and that allows both phone and data transmission to share the same line.
fiber-optic service (FiOS)
internet access that is enabled by transmitting data at the speed of light through glass or plastic fibers
hyperlink
a type of specially coded text that, when clicked, enables a user to jump from one location, or web page, to another within a web site or to another web site altogether
instant messaging (IM)
a program that enables user to communicate online in real time with others who are also online.
keyword
1. specific word a user wishes to query (or look for) in an internet search, 2. a specific word that has a predefined meaning in a particular programming language.
podcast
a clip of audio or video content that is broadcast over the internet using compressed audio or video files in formats such as MP3
search engine
a set of programs that searches the web for specific words (or keywords) you wish to query and then returns a list of the web sites on which those keywords were found.
social bookmarking
a keyword or term that the internet users assign to a web resource such as a web page digital image, or video.
social networking
a means by which people use the internet to communicate and share inform among their immediate friends, and meet and connect with others through common interests, experiences, and friends.
tag
usually used in a blog to categorize something.
Uniform Resource Locators (URLs)
a web site’s unique address; microsoft.com
Web 2.0
web-based tools and services that emphasize online collaborations and sharing among users.
Web browser
software installed on a computer system that allows individuals to locate, view, and navigate the web.
WiFi
(wireless fidelity) the 802.11 standard for wireless data transmissions established by the institute of electrical and electronics engineers.
wiki
a type of website that allows anyone visiting the website to change its content by adding, removing, or editing the content. example: wikipedia
Which is NOT true about the Internet?
It was developed as a method for linking research documents.
What do you need to read, send, and organize e-mail from any computer?
A Web-based e-mail account
Which are an example of social networking?
IM, blogging, listserv
In which way is a blog different from a wiki?
blogs are written by a single author
Which is true about plug-ins?
Plug-ins can present security risks
What feature is a list of pages you’ve visited within a Web site?
Breadcrumb trail
Which is part of a search engine?
spider, index program, search engine software
When using the Internet for research, you
should evaluate sites for bias and relevance.
Which connection type provides the fastest data transmission?
fiber-optic
What current program funds the research and development of cutting-edge networking and wireless technologies?
Large scale networking
The information in e-mail is no more private than a postcard.
true
Consumers buy books, movie tickets, and games more often online than in retail stores.
true
The VeriSign seal on a Web site guarantees that the Web site is secure.
false
Each time you connect to the Internet, your computer is assigned the same IP address.
false
Internet connection speeds vary by neighborhood, sometimes exceeding advertised rates
true
application software
the set of programs that run on a computer to help a user carry out task such as word processing, sending e-mails, balancing a budget, creating presentations, editing photos, taking an online course, and playing games.
beta version
freeware
any copyright software that can be used for free
illustration software
image editing software
(photo editing software) programs for editing photographs and other images
integrated help
documentation for a software product that is built directly into the software
integrated software app
a single software program that incorporates the most commonly used of many productivity software programs.
productivity software
programs that enable a user to perform various tasks generally required in home, school, and business. examples: word processing, spreadsheet, presentation, personal info management, and database programs.
shareware
software that enables users to “test” the software by running it for a limited time free of charge
software piracy
violating a software license agreement by copying an application onto more computers than the license agreement permits.
software suite
a collection of software programs that have been bundled together as a package.
spreadsheet
an application program such as Microsoft excel or lotus 1-2-3 that enables a user to do calculations and numerical analyses easily.
system requirements
the set of minimum storage, memory capacity, and processing standards recommended by the software manufacturer to ensure proper operation of a software application.
system software
the set of programs that enables a computer’s hardware devices and application software to work together; it includes the operating system and utility programs.
templates
a form included in many productivity application that provides the basic structure for a particular kind of document, spreadsheet, or presentation.
Web-based applications
a program that is hosted on a web site and does not require installation on the computer
wizards
a step-by-step guide that walks a user through the necessary steps to complete a complicated task.
word processing
The creation, input, editing, and production of documents and texts by means of computer systems.
The minimum set of recommended standards for a program is known as the
system requirements
Software that is freely distributed but comes with conditions is
shareware
What type of software enables you to easily perform calculations and numerical analyses?
spreadsheet
Which is NOT an advantage of using a software suite?
The programs integrate easily with programs from other software suites.
The two primary types of software used with a computer are
application software and system software.
What kind of software is responsible for back office operations such as billing and inventory?
Enterprise resource planning
Which of the following is true about open source software?
The program can be changed and freely distributed
An
example of free image editing software is
Picasa.
Which program incorporates a Wiki system and is good for collaboration?
OneNote
What is another name for Software as a Service (SaaS)?
web-based application
A macro is a small program that groups a series of commands so that they run as a single command.
true
When you need help with software, you should use the program’s help features or manufacturer FAQs, not online help like podcasts or YouTube videos
false
System software includes the operating system and utility programs.
true
An integrated software application is a group of programs bundled as a package
false
To remove a program you no longer want, it’s better to delete it than uninstall it
false
Disk Defragmenter
a utility that regroups related pieces of files on the hard drive, enabling faster retrieval of the data.
Error-checking
a windows utility that checks for the lost files and fragments as well as physical errors on a hard drive.
file compression
a program that takes out redundancies in a file to reduce the files size.
file management
the process by which humans or computer software provide organizational structure to a computer’s contents.
files
a collection of related pieces of info stored together for easy reference; in database terminology, a file or table is a group of related records.
folders
a collection of files stored on a computer
Linux
an open source operating system based on UNIX. because of the stable nature of this operating system, it is often used on web servers.
Mac OS
the first commercially available operating system to incorporate a graphical user interface (GUI) with user friendly point and a click technology
platform
the combination of a computer’s operating system and processor. the 2 most common platform types are PC and the Apple Macintosh
system files
any of the main files of an operating system.
system software
the set of programs that enables a computer’s hardware device and application software to work together
Task Manager
a windows utility that shows programs currently running and permits you to exit nonresponsive programs when you click end task
Task Scheduler
a windows utility that enables you to schedule tasks to run automatically at predetermined times with no interaction necessary on your part.
tracks
a concentric circle that serves as a storage area on a hard drive platter.
utility programs
a small program that preforms many of the general housekeeping tasks for the computer, such as system maintenance and file compression
Windows
an operating system by Microsoft that incorporates a user-friendly, graphical interface.
windows explorer
the main tool for finding, viewing, and managing the contents of your computer by showing the location and contents of every drive, folder, and file.
window 7
Microsoft operating system that builds upon the security and user interface upgrades that the windows vista release provided, and gives users with touch-screeen monitors the ability to use touch commands to scroll, resize windows, pan, and zoom.
Which is not an example of a smartphone operating system?
snow leopard
Which OS does not have a user interface that incorporates point-and-click technology?
MS-DOS
Which is the correct order of the boot process?
Activate BIOS, conduct POST, load OS into RAM, check settings
You can determine the location of a file by its
path
Which is not a function of the operating system?
Carefully shutting the system down when RAM limits have been reached
The term that defines excessive swapping of files between RAM and virtual memory is:
thrashing
Which term describes the pictures that represent an object such as a software application or a folder?
icon
Which statement about using APIs is not true?
APIs make it possible to close non-responding software and restart the computer
Which utility eliminates the inefficiencies of the computer hard drive?
Disk Defragmenter
Which utility is not a system tools utility?
File Compression
Only personal computers need some form of operating system software
false
Symbian OS is a common OS for netbooks
false
The type of processor helps to determine which OS a computer uses.
true
Paging is the process of optimizing RAM storage by borrowing hard drive space
false
Windows 7 includes a compatibility feature that allows you to run software that is not compatible with Windows 7
true