CGS ch.5

In which particularly devastating type of DoS attack are multiple unsuspecting computers used to attack multiple computer networks?
distributed
Which of the following is any event or action that could cause a loss of or damage to computer hardware, software, data, information, or processing capability?
digital security risk
Internet advertising firms often use which of the following to collect information about users web browsing habits?
spyware
To read encrypted data, the recipient must decipher it into a readable form. What is the term for this process?
decryption
Into which of the following kinds of ports do external fingerprint readers plug?
USB
Which of the following involves the use of computers to observe, record, and review an employee’s use of a computer, including communications such as email messages, keyboarding activity, and websites visited?
Employee monitoring
Which of the following refers to the right of individuals and companies to deny or restrict the collection and use of information about them?
information privacy
Which law states that it is not illegal to intercept or access an electronic communication made through an electronic communication system that is configured so that such electronic communication is readily accessible to the general public?
Electronic communication privacy act
What is the term for a program that performs a repetitive task on a network?
bot
Which of the following is a scam in which a perpetrator sends an official looking email that attempts to obtain a user’s personal and financial information?
phishing
Which of the following can transmit germs?
hand geometry systems
Which of the following is a duplicate of a file, program, or disk that can be used if the original is lost, damaged, or destroyed?
backup
Which of the following laws provides the same protection that covers mail and telephone communications to electronic communications such as voice mail?
electronic communication privacy act (ECPA)
With a three-generation backup policy, the grandparent is which of the following?
oldest copy of the file
Which of the following is a federally funded Internet security research and development center?
CERT/CC
In the case of system failure or the discovery of corrupted files, what do users do to the backed-up files when they bring the files to their original location on a computer?
they restore the files
Which of the following is not a security product developer?
adobe
Which of the following copies all of the files in a computer?
full backup
Computer viruses, worms, Trojan horses, and rootkits are classified as which of the following?
malware
Which of the following is not a possessed object?
pins
Personal computers, display devices, and printers should comply with guidelines of which of the following programs?
energy star
What is another name for public key encryption?
asymmetric key encryption
Which of the following is a technique intruders use to make their network or Internet transmission appear legitimate to a victim computer or network?
spoofing
Which of the following has the same intent as a cracker, but does not have the technical skills and knowledge?
script kiddie
Which of the following are used to record, save, an then execute a set of keystrokes and instructions repeatedly?
macros
Which of the following is an authorized person or company that issues and verifies digital certificates?
certificate authority
One study found that a certain percentage of wireless connections like the kind in the accompanying figure are unsecured, leaving them susceptible to hackers. What was that percentage?
25
Which kind of license is a legal agreement that permits users to install the software on multiple computers, usually at a volume discount?
site
Many businesses use which of the following to limit employees’ web access?
content filtering
How long can digital certificates be valid?
2 years
Which of the following is, as shown in the accompanying figure, a small text file that a web server stores on a user’s computer?
cookie
Websites use which of the following to keep track of items in a user’s shopping cart?
session cookie
Which of the following is someone who demands payment in order to stop an attack on an organization’s technology infrastructure?
cyberextortionist
With which of the following do users choose which folders and files to include in a backup?
selective backup
Which of the following is the process of restricting access to certain material on the web?
content filtering
Which of the following kinds of certificate is a notice that guarantees a user or website is legitimate?
digital
Which of the following replaces each character in the plaintext with a different letter by shifting the alphabet a certain number of positions?
caesar cipher
Which of the following categories are the rights to which creators are entitled for their work?
intellectual property
Which of the following gives authors and artists the exclusive rights to duplicate, publish, and sell their materials?
copyright
Many websites, like that in the accompanying figure, require a user to enter a private combination of characters associated with a user name that allows access to certain computer resources. What is the term for this combination of characters?
password
Which of the following refers to unique and original works such as ideas, inventions, writings, art, processes, company and product names, and logos?
IP
Which encryption algorithm inserts characters between existing characters?
expansion
Which of the following provides the mobile user with a secure connection to the company network server?
VPN
What is the term for a website that uses encryption techniques to protect its data?
secure site