Ch. 5 Exam

Which of the following are used to record, save, an then execute a set of keystrokes and instructions repeatedly?
macros
What is the term for a program that performs a repetitive task on a network?
bot
Which of the following is a duplicate of a file, program, or disk that can be used if the original is lost, damaged, or destroyed?
backup
Which of the following does your company use to track your time and attendance?
hand geometry system
Which of the following terms refers to making a copy of a file?
backing up
Which of the following terms refers to a written list of guidelines that might include rules that prevent employees from using software illegally or using computers to steal?
an IT code of conduct
Which of the following is any event or action that could cause a loss of or damage to computer hardware, software, data, information, or processing capability?
digital security risk
Which of the following kinds of certificate is a notice that guarantees a user or website is legitimate?
digital
Which of the following does your new smartphone use to unlock the device?
face recognition system
Which of the following is the process of restricting access to certain material on the web?
content filtering
Which of the following terms is used to describe an encrypted code that a person, website, or organization uses to verify the identity of the message sender?
a digital signature
Which of the following copies all of the files in a computer?
full backup
Which of the following is a scam in which a perpetrator sends an official looking email that attempts to obtain a user’s personal and financial information?
phishing
What is another name for public key encryption?
asymmetric key encryption
Which of the following is not a security product developer?
Adobe
Which kind of license is a legal agreement that allows multiple users to access the software on the server simultaneously?
network
What term is used to describe the discovery, collection, and analysis of evidence found on computers and networks?
digital forensics
In your encryption algorithm, you replaced each letter with another letter. Which algorithm did you use?
substitution
Which of the following terms is used to describe a set of steps that can convert readable plaintext into unreadable ciphertext?
an encryption algorithm
Which of the following has the same intent as a cracker, but does not have the technical skills and knowledge?
script kiddie
With a three-generation backup policy, the grandparent is which of the following?
oldest copy of the file
Which of the following does a new federal laboratory use in its high security areas?
iris recognition system
Which of the following involves the use of computers to observe, record, and review an employee’s use of a computer, including communications such as email messages, keyboarding activity, and websites visited?
employee monitoring
Which of the following refers to the right of individuals and companies to deny or restrict the collection and use of information about them?
information privacy
The term firewall is _____________.
hardware and/or software that protects a network’s resources from intrusion
Which of the following is someone who uses the Internet or network to destroy or damage computers for political reasons?
cyberterrorist
Which of the following terms means in a location separate from the computer site?
off-site
Which of the following statements is not true about software theft?
A keygen distributes user names and passwords to those who register their legally purchased copies of a software program.
What is an EULA intended to do?
license software for individual use
Which of the following refers to a technique intruders use to make their network or Internet transmission appear legitimate to a victim computer or network?
spoofing
The term, botnet, means _____________.
a group of compromised computers connected to a network that attacks other networks
How long can digital certificates be valid?
two years
Computer viruses, worms, Trojan horses, and rootkits are classified as which of the following?
malware
When a waiter at a restaurant steals credit card numbers to make fraudulent purchases, this is called _____________.
information theft
Which of the following does your financial service institution use to secure the transactions you make using their phone banking service?
voice verification system
Many businesses use which of the following to limit employees’ web access?
content filtering
Which kind of license is a legal agreement that permits users to install the software on multiple computers, usually at a volume discount?
site
Which of the following terms is used to describe a file a computer creates that records successful and unsuccessful access attempts?
an audit trail
What term is used to describe the process of restricting access to certain material on the web?
content filtering
The term, zombie, is _____________.
a computer or device whose owner is unaware that the computer or device is being controlled remotely by an outsider
An IT code of conduct is a written guideline that helps determine whether a specific computer action is which of the following?
ethical
Which of the following statements is not true about biometric devices?
Biometric devices are an unreliable method of identification and notification.
Which of the following is a technique intruders use to make their network or Internet transmission appear legitimate to a victim computer or network?
spoofing
What is an AUP intended to do?
outline computer activities for which the computer and network may or may not be used
Which of the following terms refers to someone who accesses a computer or network illegally with the intent of malicious action?
cracker
In your encryption algorithm, you removed every third letter. Which algorithm did you use?
compaction
In order to safeguard your personal information, which of the following is recommended?
Clear your history file when you are finished browsing.
Which of the following terms is used to describe a program that copies itself repeatedly, using up resources and possibly shutting down the computer or network?
a worm
Which term is used to describe software used by cybercriminals?
crimeware
Which of the following terms refers to someone who uses the Internet or network to destroy or damage computers for political reasons?
cyberterrorist
Which of the following terms is used to describe a program that hides in a computer and allows someone from a remote location to take full control of the computer?
a rootkit
Which of the following gives authors and artists the exclusive rights to duplicate, publish, and sell their materials?
copyright
Which of the following is an authorized person or company that issues and verifies digital certificates?
certificate authority
Which of the following statements is not true about backing up?
With a selective backup, all of the files in the computer automatically are chosen to be copied.
Which of the following can transmit germs?
hand geometry systems
A(n) ____________________ device authenticates a person’s identity by translating a personal characteristic into a digital code that then is compared with a digital code stored in the computer verifying a physical or behavioral characteristic.
Biometric
A(n) ____________________ is a program or set of instructions in a program that allow users to bypass security controls when accessing a program, computer, or network.
Back Door
Employers and schools often specify standards for the ethical use of technology in an IT ____________________ and then distribute these standards to employees and students
Code of Conduct
____________________ involves the examination of media, programs, data and log files on computers, mobile devices, servers, and networks.
Digital Forensics
A(n) ____________________ attack is an assault whose purpose is to disrupt computer access to an Internet service such as the web or email.
Dos
The term ____________________ describes an attack whose goal ranges from disabling a government’s computer network to crippling a country.
Cyberwarfare
To prevent unauthorized access and use, at a minimum a company should have a written ____________________ that outlines the activities for which a computer or network may and may not be used.
AUP
A(n) ____________________ is a written plan that describes the steps an organization would take to restore its computer operations in the event of a disaster.
Disaster Recovery Plan
A(n) ____________________ is a program that hides in a computer or mobile device and allows someone from a remote location to take full control of the computer or devices.
Rootkit
____________________ is the process of converting readable data into unreadable characters to prevent unauthorized access.
Encryption
A(n) ____________________ signature is an encryption code that a person, website, or organization attaches to an electronic message to verify the identity of the message sender.
Digital
____________________ is the unauthorized and illegal duplication of copyrighted software.
Piracy
A(n) ____________________ is a web app that evaluates your computer or mobile device to check for Internet and email vulnerabilities.
Online Security Service
The most common type of license included with software purchased by individual users is a(n) ____________________.
EULA
A(n) ____________________ object is any item that must be carried to gain access to a computer or computer facility.
Possessed
A(n) ____________________ agreement is the right to use software.
License
____________________ occurs when someone steals personal or confidential information.
Information Theft
A(n) ____________________ control is a security measure that defines who can access a computer, when they can access it, and what actions they can take while accessing the computer.
Access