Chap 2 CIT 105

Petabyte
What is the largest unit of measure for the size of a computer file?
output
After a picture has been taken with a digital camera and processed appropriately, the actual print of the picture is considered _______.
hardware
Any part of the computer that you can touch is called ______.
binary digit
The tern “bit” is short for _____.
tablet computer
What type of computer is the Apple iPad?
supercomputer
a(n) ______ is a specially designed computer that can perform complex calculations extremely fast.
eight bits
In binary language, each letter of the alphabet, each number, and each special character is made up of a unique combination of ______.
storage
The four functions of the computer include input, process, output, and ______.
input
A keyboard and mouse are examples of _______ devices.
QWERTY
The standard keyboard is known as the _____ keyboard.
Embedded
_______ computers are specially designed computer chips that reside inside other devices such as your car or the electronic thermostat in your home.
flexible
_______ keyboards can be rolled up and put in your backpack.
stylus
A(n) ______ is an input device that looks like a pen.
touch screens
Display screens that respond to commands initiated with your finger or a stylus are called _______.
webcam
a ______ sits on your computer monitor or built into a laptop and is used primarily for transmitting live video
touch pad
The small, touch-sensitive area at the base of the keyboard on a notebook commuter is known as a ________.
RAM
_______ is the abbreviation fro the place in the computer where the programs and data the computer is currently using are stored.
Inkjet printers and laser printers are examples of _______ printers.
nonimpact
volatile
Ram is a _______ storage location.
USB Port
Flash Drives plug into a(n)
Universal serial bus (USB)
The most common way to connect devices to a computer is to use the _______ port.
Port
A(n) _______ is where a peripheral device can attach to a computer so that data can be exchanged between it and the operating system.
RAM
all of the following are examples of permanent storage, EXCEPT _______.
Hard drive
All of the following are names for a flash drive, except _____.
networkd interface card (NIC)
enables your computer to connect to tother computers or to the internet.
mainframes
Large, expensive computers hat support hundreds of users simultaneously are called ______.
3-D printing
New technologies pushing the boundaries of printing include ______.
Ergonomics
Is the applied science concerned with designing and arranging machines and furniture so that people using hem aren’t subjected to an uncomfortable or unsafe experience.
Processing
Computers are very good at _______ data into information. *#processing
numbers
computers process data into information by working exclusively with ________.
Peripheral devices
devices such as monitors and printers that are connected to the computer are called _____.
temporary
RAM is considered volatile sot age, which means it is ______.
binary
The _____ language consists of just two digits: 0 and 1.
nonvolatile
The hard disk drive is a storage device, meaning that is stores data permanently.
eight
_______ binary digits (or bits) combine to create one byte.
altair
The _________ computer had no keyboard or monitor and used switches on the front of it to enter data using 0s and 1s
Osborne
The ______ was the first portable computer.
IBM
Which company approached Bill Gates to write an operating system (OS- program for its computer in 1980?
the compiler
Many people believe Grace Hopper’s greatest contribution to computing was the invention of the _______.
BASIC
What programming language revolutionized the software industry because beginning students could learn it easily?
The graphical user interface (GUI-
Introduced in the late 1970s, which of the following allowed users to interact with the computer more easily?
VisiCalc
What was the first electronic spreadsheet application to be used on personal computers?
Xerox
The alto computer, built by _____, was based on the WYSIWYG principle.
Mosaic
Released in 1993, _______ was the first internet Web browser.
Apple ll
What was the first mass produced (popular, selling thousands) Personal Computer for consumers?
Altair
What was name of the first Consumer Personal Computer?
Apple Macintosh
What was the first successful computer with a Graphical User Interace?
Xerox
What company invented the Graphical User Interface (GUI)?
IBM
What company “legitimized” personal computers, making them something businesses would buy in large quantities?
Microsoft
What company produced the operating system for the first IBM PC?
1969
What year was the internet invented?
1993
What year was the web invented?
False
The web and the internet are the same thing?
Network interface card (NIC)
A ______ enables your computer to connect to other computers.