chapter 10

The news provides a refracted version of reality because it
emphasizes dramatic and compelling news stories
In comparison with today’s newspapers, early American newspapers
could not have survived without political party support
What technology led editors to substitute news reports for opinion commentary?
telegraph
The yellow journalism of the late nineteenth century was characterized by
the emphasis on sensation as a way of selling newspapers
Objective journalism is based on the idea that the reporters job is to
report the facts and cover alternative sides of a partisan debate
The FCC restriction requiring broadcasters to “afford reasonable opportunity for the discussion of conflicting views of public importance” was known as the
Fairness Doctrine
Which of the following is true of age differences in news consumption?
age differences in news consumption shrink for internet-based news but do not disappear
The federal governments licensing of broadcasting is based primarily on
the scarcity of broadcasting frequencies
Most successful internet blogs
have a liberal bias
The term “framing” is used to describe the
process of selecting certain aspects of reality and making them the most salient part of the communication, thereby conveying a particular interpretation of a situation
Which of the following broadcast news sources has seen its audience grow?
NPR
The FCC’s equal time requirement
prohibits broadcasters from selling or giving time to political candidates and denying it to their opponets
What development brought about a dramatic reduction in televisions capacity to generate an interest in news?
the rapid spread of cable
One of the reasons the reporting of national news is relatively uniform among news sources is that
the network newscasts are brief and the days top stories tend to dominate
At which of the following times did the American media step back from their watchdog role?
after the September 11 attacks
How has the internet affected the watchdog role of the media?
it has expanded the watchdog capacity of the media
In contrast with European news media, American news media are more likely to
act primarily as neutral transmitters of information
The media perform the signaling role by
informing the public of breaking events and new developments
In terms of news consumption, since the 1980s young adults
have been less informed than older ones
The news medias common carrier role is based on the idea that
the press should have provide a channel through which political leaders can communicate their views to the public
Which institution receives the most news coverage from the national press?
the presidency
The watergate scandal illustrates the
power of the media to serve as watchdog to safeguard against abuses of power
Agenda-setting is an action that falls under which of the major the roles played by the press?
signaling
Which of the following is one of the two major advantages of journalists in covering the political game and strategic aspects of news instead of the policy frame?
the political game is a constant source of fresh material.
The reason the news product is designed to fascinate as well as to inform is because
news organizations are fundamentally businesses and must obtain revenue to survive.
On both radio and television,most successful partisan talk shows
have been hosted by conservatives.
CNN and MSNBC have responded to Fox’s ratings success by
installing talk-show hosts with partisan or hard-edged appeals.
Which of the following statements is true?
objective journalism is based on communication of facts and fairness.
The Gazette of the United States was founded to promote the policies of President
George Washington
One special contribution of internet-based news is that it
provides the ordinary citizen with an opportunity to be a part of the news system
The circulation battle of which two newspapers may have contributed to the outbreak of the Spanish-American war?
New York Journal and New York World
Yellow journalism contribute to public support for the
Spanish-American War
______________ once said “you furnished the pictures and ill furnish the war”
William Randolph Hearst
The traditional media have “softened” their news by
infusing it with more stories about celebrities, crime, and the like
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has regulatory oversight over which of the following?
radio
In the 1960s, presidential candidates
had longer sound bites, on average, in broadcast television newscasts
Which of the following statements has been shown by scholarly research to be true?
network journalists tend to be negative
On the scene coverage of a natural disaster is an example of the press’s role of
signaler
During what decade did the American network news audience change from a growing to a shrinking one?
the 1980s
Among the following, the news media are usually guided by events that
are timely
Historically, the American press has shifted from
a political to a journalistic orientation
During the era of objective journalism, the commitment of newspapers to two-sided new reporting
did not extend to their socializing
Which of the following does NPR serve as an example of?
the one true success story of public broadcasting
The “long tail” is a phenomenon related to the
rate of internet news readership