Chapter 2 Browsing the Web

Accelerator
Allow you to access web content or take some action based on selected webpage text.
Add-on
Allow you to access web content or take some action based on selected webpage text.
Adware
Is a form of spyware that gathers information without your knowledge and approval.
Aggregator
A feed reader can be an email client or browser add-on.
Atom
Technologies that distribute web content to subscribers based on websites and types of web content the user specifies.
AutoComplete
Suggested websites and search keywords and displays them in a list
Big Data
Refers to collection and sharing of data from various formats and sources, often without your knowledge.
Bookmark
Is a browser shortcut to a frequently viewed webpage.
Browser Sniffing
Is a technique websites use to determine the device and platform requesting the webpage information, to help the website deliver appropriate content and formatting for the device.
Client
Is an application that runs on a computer or device, which requests resources or services from another computer or device.
Client/Server Computing
Before a browser can display a webpage, it must first send a request for a copy of the page to the web server that hosts the webpage. The web server responds to the request by sending a copy of the webpage to the browser.
Cookie
Is a small text file stored on a computer or device that can contain data, such as a username, password, shipping address, or viewing preferences.
Country-Code Top-Level Domain (ccTLD)
Identifies the country associated with the domain.
Display Area
Contains the webpage a web server requests.
Domain Name
Is a text alias for one or more IP addresses.
Domain Name System (DNS)
Name servers.
Dynamic IP Address
A temporary connection generally use a temporary IP address.
Extensions
Allow you to access web content or take some action based on selected webpage text.
Favorite
Is a browser shortcut to a frequently viewed webpage.
Feed reader
Is software or an app that collects the user’s web feed content and provides it in a readable format for the user.
Firewall
Hardware/Software can examine network communications and then directly block or warn the user about those communications that do not meet a set of predetermined rules.
Hacker
Is an individual who uses technology skills to access a network and the computers on that network with authorization.
History List
Displays a list of past browsing data.
Home Page
Is the primary webpage at a website.
Information privacy
Refers to the right of individuals and companies to deny or restrict the collection and use of personal information.
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)
Is a nonprofit organization that currently operates under the auspices of the US Department of Commerce.
Internet Filter
Is hardware and/or software that control the display of web content based on user settings.
IP address (Internet Protocol Address)
Is a unique number that identifies a computer or device connected to the Internet.
Malicious Website
Is a website that is designed to look like a legitimate website, such as a website for downloading online games, but actually is owned by hackers or online thieves who use its content to capture your sensitive personal information, such as your name and password, or to distribute malicious software, such as a keystroke logger that records all your keystrokes.
Name Server
Is a server that contains databases with domain names and the numeric IP addresses to which they correspond.
Offline
Means that you are viewing previously loaded or saved webpages in the browser, but you are not connected to the Internet.
Personally Identifiable Information (PII)
A privacy statement that handles all your personal information and how it is used.
Portal
Is a special type of website that offers access to a vast range of content and services.
Privacy Statement
Privacy policies posted on websites.
Rich Media Ad
Advertisements with attention-grabbing sounds and animation.
RSS (Really Simple Syndication)
Technologies that distribute web content to subscribers based on websites and types of web content the user specifies.
Secure Connection
A connection that uses https:// rather than http:// as its protocol.
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)
Is a commonly used protocol for managing the security of message transmissions on the Internet.
Server
Is a computer that “serves up”, or provides, the requested resources or services.
Spyware
Is a general term usually applied to any technology that access your computer system to gather information without your knowledge and approval.
Static IP Address
Constant internet connection, such as web servers or personal computers with a broadband connection.
Tabbed Browsing
Allows you to open multiple webpages in a single browser window.
Top-Level Domain (TLD)
Identifies the type of organization associated with the domain.
Tracking Protection Lists (TPLs)
Are one method to control websites that can access your content on the Internet.
Uniform Resource Locater (URL)
Is a unique address sometimes called a web address that identifies an individual webpage or other web-based resource.
Virus
Is a small, potentially damaging program or app that can infect a computer or device, which then can infect other computers or devices or the same network, or generate virus-enabled email or text messages or social networking posts and send the virus to the user’s contacts.
Web Address
Is a unique address sometimes called a web address that identifies an individual webpage or other web-based resource.
Web Bug
Is a tiny hidden graphic embedded in a webpage.
Web Content Filter
Is hardware and/or software that control the display of web content based on user settings.
Web Feed
Is a service that provides updates to web content for subscribers.
Web Portal
Is a special type of website that offers access to a vast range of content and services.
Zooming
Change the view of the entire current webpage by enlarging or reducing it in a process.