Chapter 2 Key Terms OST 140

Accelerator
add-ons to Internet Explorer that allow you to access Web content or take some action based on selected Web page text
Add-on
allows you to access web content or take some action based on selected webpage text
Adware
form of spyware that gathers information and then uses that information to deliver targeted web advertising
Aggregator
a website or program that collects related items of content and displays them or links to them
Atom
technology that distributes web content to subscribers based on the websites and types of web content the user specifies
AutoComplete
provides a list of suggested websites when you start typing in the Address bar; feature which stores the URLs you type in the Address box, looks at first few characters you type in the Address box, and then suggests Web sites and search keywords based on stored URLs and displays them in the Address bar dropdown list
Big Data
refers to collection and sharing of data from various formats and sources, often without your knowledge
Bookmark
browser shortcut to a frequently viewed webpage
Browser Sniffing
technique websites use to determine the device and platform requesting the webpage information, to help the website deliver appropriate content and formatting for the device
Client
application that runs on a computer or device; and requests resources or services from another computer
Client/server computing
process in which a client requests services from another computer; client, the Web browser, requests services from another computer, the Web server
Cookie
small text file stored on a computer or device that can contain data, such as a username, password, shipping address, or viewing preferences
Country-code top-level domain (ccTLD)
a top-level domain name that is for each nation of the world that has their own (example: .us for United States and .ca for Canada); A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is an Internet top-level domain generally used or reserved for a country, a sovereign state, or a dependent territory. All ASCII ccTLD identifiers are two letters long, and all two-letter top-level domains are ccTLDs
Display area
internet Explorer 11 feature that contains the webpage a web server requests; displays the Web page requested from a Web server
Domain name
text alias for one or more IP addresses
Domain Name System (DNS)
translates or resolves the domain name to its numeric IP address, and returns the IP address to the browser so that the request for a Web page then can be sent to the Web server where the Web page is stored (Name servers are part of DNS)
Dynamic IP address
temporary IP address; IP addresses for personal computer or office computer; Computers connected to the internet through temporary connection, dial-up, generally are assigned temporary or dynamic IP address for the connection
Extension
a length of electric cord that permits the use of an appliance at some distance from a fixed socket ;a part that is added to something to enlarge or prolong it; a continuation
Favorite
browser shortcut to a frequently viewed webpage (bookmark)
Feed Reader
software or an app that collects the user’s web feed content and provides it in a readable format for the user
Firewall
hardware or software that examines network communications and then directly blocks or warns the user about those communications that do not meet a set of predetermined rules
Hacker
individual who uses technology skills to access a network and the computers on that network without authorization
History list
displays a list of past browsing data; located in the History tab displays browsing data for the number of days specified in the Internet Options dialog box; therefore, the History list might contain icons for Web sites visited several weeks ago, last week, and etc.
Home Page
primary webpage at a website ;views when opening browser
Information privacy
refers to the right of individuals and companies to deny or restrict the collection and use of personal information
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)
organization that oversees naming and numbering functions in the Domain Name System(DNS) and controls the domain name registration system
Internet filters
(Web content filters) are hardware and/or software that filters the displays of Web content based on users settings
(example: children blocking)
IP address (Internet Protocol address)
unique number that identifies a computer or device connected to the Internet
Malicious Web site
website that is designed to look like a legitimate website but actually is owned by hackers or online thieves; a Web site that is designed to look like a legitimate Web site, such as a Web site for downloading online games, but actually is owned by hackers or online thieves who use its content to capture your sensitive personal information, such as name and password, they can distribute malicious software where they can access your keys
Name server
server that contains databases with domain names and the numeric IP addresses to which they correspond
Offline
not online, (example: if used to while working and you are viewing files or saved Web pages in the browser, but not connected to the Internet)
Personally identifiable information (PII)
handles e-mail addresses, names and addresses, or even more sensitive personal information, such as health, financial, political, or religious information
Portal
(Web portal) is a special type of Web site that offers a doorway to a vast range of content and services
Privacy statement
posted by most e-businesses on their Web sites to show what they do for your privacy on their site
Rich Media Ad
an Internet advertising term for a Web page ad that uses advanced technology such as streaming video , downloaded applet s (programs) that interact instantly with the user, and ads that change when the user’s mouse passes over it
RSS (Really Simple Syndication)
technology that distributes web content to subscribers based on the websites and types of web content the user specifies
Secure connection
uses https:// rather than http:// as its connection protocol, and a locked padlock icon appears on the Security Status bar on the right side of the Address bar
Secure Sockets Layer
(SSL) commonly used protocol for managing the security of message transmissions on the Internet
Server
computer that provides the requested resources or services
Spyware
general term usually applied to any technology that accesses your computer system to gather information without your knowledge and approval
Static IP address
IP address that seldom changes
Tabbed browsing
allows you to open multiple webpages in a single browser window on its own tab
Top-level domain (TLD)
identifies the type of organization associated with the domain; how domain groups are named; abbreviation that identifies the type of organization associated with the domain
Tracking Protection Lists (TPLs)
used to control Web sites that can track your content on the Internet
Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
unique address, sometimes called Web address, that identifies an individual webpage or other web-based resource
Virus
small, potentially damaging program or app that can infect a computer or device then be passed to other computers
Web address
(URL) identifies an individual Web page or other Web-based resource; the location on the Internet of a certain company, server, or file
Web bug
tiny hidden graphic embedded in a webpage
Web feed
service that provides updates to web content for subscribers
Web content filter
(also called Internet filters) the hardware and/or software that controls/filters the display of web content based on user settings
Web portal
simply put as portal; special type of website that offers access (a doorway) to a vast range of content and services
Zooming
changing the view of a webpage by enlarging or reducing it