Chapter 6

Virtual desktop
feature of cloud computing in which the desktop and its application appear to be installed on the user’s own computer
PaaS
allows developers to create, test, and run their solutions
Mashup
applications that incorporates data from multiple providers into a new application
Cloud computing
an environment of virtual servers that house and provide access to resources users access through the Internet
Word size
the number of bits the processor can interpret and execute at a given time
Gigahertz
one billion ticks of the system clock per second
ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange; the most widely used coding scheme to represent a set of characters
Clock speed
measured in ticks per second
Coding scheme
patterns that define the combinations of 0s and 1s that represent uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and special symbols
SaaS
describes a computing environment where an internet server hosts and deploys applications
Binary
number system that has just two unique digits, 0 and 1
Multi-core
A single chip with two or more separate processor cores
fan
most desktop cases have three of these
Nanosecond
one billionth of a second
CMOS
the flash memory chips that store a computers startup information frequently use this kind of technology
ROM
memory chips that store permanent data and instructions
Nonvolatile
retaining data even if there is a break in the power supply
Byte
eight bits grouped together
Motherboard
the main circuit board of the personal computer, memory usually consists of one or more chips
AMD
one of the leading manufacturers of personal computer processor chips