Chapter 9

Most browsers offer this, which ensures that your browsing activity is not recorded on your hard disk.
Privacy mode
Which type of program would likely be used by investigators to record a potential suspects’ Internet activities?
Keystroke logger
Programs used to secretly record an individual’s activities on the Internet are called:
spyware
_____ is concerned with protecting software and data from unauthorized tampering or damage.
Data security
A(n) _____ acts as a security buffer between a corporation”s private network and all external networks.
firewall
These are used by advertisers to keep track of your Web activity as you move from one site to the next.
Third-party cookies
According to which law is it illegal for an owner of a program to make backup copies for their personal use and resell or give them away?
Digital Millennium Copyright Act
This law gives you the right to look at your personal records held by government agencies.
Freedom of Information Act
These programs record virtually everything you do on your computer and are used by employers to search employee email and computer files.
Employee-monitoring software
The use of the Internet, cell phones, or other devices to send or post content intended to hurt or embarrass another person.
Cyberbullying
Which among the following is a fraudulent or deceptive act designed to trick individuals on the Internet into spending time or money for little or no return?
Internet scam
These crimes include the theft of data in the form of confidential information.
White-collar
Which of the following is not malware?
Ad-Aware
This uses software to try thousands of common words sequentially in an attempt to gain unauthorized access to a user’s account.
Dictionary attack
Computer criminals that create and spread viruses are punished under this law.
Computer Fraud and Abuse Act
Small data files that are deposited on a user’s hard drive when they visit a Web site are called:
cookies
This type of computer criminal creates and distributes malicious programs.
Cracker
Which of the following is the most widely used wireless network encryption for home wireless networks?
WPA2
People that collect and sell personal data are called:
information resellers
Free computer games and free screen saver programs are typical carriers of:
Trojan horses
Which among the following is a way to shut down an ISP or Web site?
Denial of service attack
This type of Wi-Fi hotspot operates close to a legitimate Wi-Fi hotspot and steals information such as usernames and passwords.
Rogue
Corporations often use this to prevent copyright violations.
Digital rights management (DRM)
This is a legal concept that gives content creators the right to control use and distribution of their work.
Copyright
Which of the following is not a measure to protect computer security?
Keeping the same password on all systems consistently
The process of coding information to make it unreadable except to those who have a special piece of information known as a key.
Encryption
A program that replicates itself and clogs computers and networks.
Worm