Chapter 9

Adware and spyware are referred to collectively as ________.

A) alertware

B) viruses

C) grayware

D) firmware

C) grayware
When malicious code is planted on your computer and alters your browser’s ability to find web addresses, it is known as ________.

A) pretexting

B) aphishing

C) polymorphing

D) pharming

D) pharming
________ floods a computer with requests until it shuts down and refuses to answer any requests for information.

A) A DDoS attack

B) A polymorphic virus

C) A Trojan horse

D) Pretexting

A) A DDoS attack
FBI-related scams involve ________.

A) people pretending to represent official organizations such as the Dept. of Homeland Security or IRS

B) collecting funds and not delivering the goods

C) running auctions that do not exist

D) convincing people to send money as a “good faith” gesture

A) people pretending to represent official organizations such as the Dept. of Homeland Security or IRS
Social ________ is any technique that uses social skills to generate human interaction that entices individuals to reveal sensitive information.

A) engineering

B) pretexting

C) pharming

D) theft

A) engineering
________ viruses are often transmitted by a flash drive left in a USB port.

A) Logic bomb

B) Time bomb

C) Macro

D) Boot-sector

D) Boot-sector
________ is a program that gathers information about your surfing habits without your knowledge.

A) Adware

B) Shareware

C) Spyware

D) Ghostware

C) Spyware
Which of the following statements about cookies is NOT true?

A) Some companies sell the personal information found in cookies to other companies.

B) Cookies help companies determine the traffic flow through their website.

C) Cookies obtain your personal information by searching your hard drive.

D) Cookies are text files.

C) Cookies obtain your personal information by searching your hard drive.
You can block logical ports from invaders and make your computer invisible to others on the Internet by installing ________.

A) a packet filter

B) antivirus software

C) a packet sniffer

D) a firewall

D) a firewall
Rules for creating passwords include all of the following EXCEPT ________.

A) use a dictionary to find a lengthy word that is easy to remember

B) change your password frequently

C) keep your password a secret

D) use letters, numbers and symbols in your passwords

A) use a dictionary to find a lengthy word that is easy to remember
Using your computer for non-work activities while you are being paid to work is known as ________.

A) cyberlazing

B) cyberbreaking

C) cyberloafing

D) cybersleeping

C) cyberloafing
Which of the following classifications of viruses can change its own code to avoid detection?

A) Multipartite

B) Stealth

C) Polymorphic

D) Worm

C) Polymorphic
A(n) ________ is the portion of virus code that is unique to a particular computer virus.

A) encryption code

B) compression code

C) virus pattern

D) virus signature

D) virus signature
With regard to computer protection, quarantining is defined as ________.

A) updating your antivirus software

B) placing a found virus in a secure area on the hard drive

C) repairing an infected file

D) deleting an infected file

B) placing a found virus in a secure area on the hard drive
CAPTCHA is ________.

A) the wavy hard-to-read letter and number sequence that you type to prove that you are human to a website

B) a rootkit virus

C) password method

D) antivirus software

A) the wavy hard-to-read letter and number sequence that you type to prove that you are human to a website
A ________ is a virus that is triggered on a certain date.

A) logic bomb

B) macro

C) time bomb

D) worm

C) time bomb
Which type of virus was the famous Michelangelo virus?

A) A script virus

B) An e-mail virus

C) A time bomb

D) A worm

C) A time bomb
A(n) ________ takes advantage of file transport methods to spread on its own.

A) script virus

B) worm

C) encryption virus

D) macro virus

B) worm
Creating and distributing ________ is one of the most widespread types of cybercrimes.

A) zombies

B) cookies

C) spam

D) computer viruses

D) computer viruses
All of the following were top cybercrimes reported to the IC3 EXCEPT ________.

A) theft of services

B) advance fee fraud

C) identity theft

D) non-auction scam

A) theft of services
Configuring a firewall to ignore all incoming packets that request access to a specific port is known as ________.

A) logical port blocking

B) packet filtering

C) packet switching

D) static addressing

A) logical port blocking
A ________ is a virus that is attached to documents such as Word or Excel files.

A) macro virus

B) Trojan horse

C) script virus

D) polymorphic virus

A) macro virus
A ________ allows a hacker to gain access to your computer and take almost complete control of it without your knowledge.

A) zombie

B) denial of service (DoS)

C) rootkit

D) logic bomb

C) rootkit
Which of the following is formally defined as any criminal action perpetrated primarily through the use of a computer?

A) Hacking

B) Cybercrime

C) Social networking

D) Phishing

B) Cybercrime
The Internet Crime Complaint Center (IC3) is a partnership between the ________.

A) FBI and National White Collar Crime Center

B) FBI and local police departments

C) National White Collar Crime Center and U.S. Department of Defense

D) FBI and National Defense Department

A) FBI and National White Collar Crime Center