Chapter 9 Practice Multiple Choice

White-hat
_____ hackers break into systems for non-malicious reasons such as to test system security vulnerabilities.
Cyberloafing
Using your computer for non-work activities while you are being paid to work is known as ______.
Time bomb
A ______ is a virus that is triggered on a certain date.
A firewall
You can block logical ports from invaders and make your computer invisible to others on the Internet by installing ______.
FBI and National White Collar Crime Center
The Internet Crime Complaint Center (IC3) is a partnership between the _______.
Boot-sector
_______ viruses are often transmitted by a flash drive left in a USB port.
Launch a denial of service (DoS) attack on your computer
A packet sniffer is a program that can enable a hacker to do all of the following EXCEPT _______.
Theft of services
All of the following were top cybercrimes reported to the IC3 in 2012 EXCEPT ______.
Computer viruses
Creating and distributing ____ is one of the most widespread types of cyber crimes.
Completely Automated Public Turing Test to Tell Computers and Humans Apart
CAPTCHA stands for ______.
Firewall
A ________ is named after a housing construction feature that slows the spread of fires from house to house.
Use a dictionary to find a lengthy word that is easy to remember
Rules for creating passwords include all of the following EXCEPT ______.
Spyware
_______ is a program that gathers information about your surfing habits without your knowledge.
Polymorphic
Which of the following classifications of viruses can change its own code to avoid detection?
Cybercrime
Which of the following is formally defined as any criminal action perpetrated primarily through the use of a computer?
Worm
A ______ takes advantage of file transport methods to spread on its own.
Pharming
Which of the following is NOT a virus category?
Pharming
When malicious code is planted on your computer and alters your browsers ability to find web addresses, it is known as _______.
Rootkit
A _______ allows a hacker to gain access to your computer and take almost complete control of it without your knowledge.
Placing a found virus in a secure area on the hard drive
With regard to computer protection, quarantining is defined as _________.
Cookies obtain your personal information by searching your hard drive
Which of the following statements about cookies is NOT true?
Engineering
Social _______ is any technique that uses social skills to generate human interaction that entices individuals to reveal sensitive information.
Installing a manufacturers printer driver
All of the following are ways that can infect your computer with a virus EXCEPT _______.
A DDoS attack
_______ floods a computer with requests until it shuts down and refuses to answer any requests for information.
Virus signature
A ________ is the portion of virus code that is unique to a particular computer virus.
A time bomb
Which type of virus was the famous Michelangelo virus?
People pretending to represent official organizations
FBI-related scams involve ______.
Macro virus
A _______ is a virus that is attached to documents such as word or excel files.
Logical port blocking
Configuring a firewall to ignore all incoming packets that request access to a specific port is known as _____.
Grayware
Adware and spyware are referred to collectively as _______.