Chapter 9: The Internet

What is spam?
Unsolicited commercial e-mail
User-manipulated characters in MUDs are called ____
avatars
True or False: According to Metcalfe’s Law, the value of the Internet decreases rapidly with the number of users
false
According to the textbook which of the following is the greatest threat to the collaborative free culture the Internet?
corporate abuse
True or False: Social media are online tools used to communicate with others
false
True or False: Web pages are typically coded in hypertext markup language
true
True or False: Developers of shareware do not claim copyright protection, but do charge mandatory fees for downloading and use
false
True or False: Moore’s Law states that computers double in processing capacity and speed about every 18 months
true
According to the textbook, which of the following BEST describes Internet portals?
They are user-customizable web pages that combine information from various sources
Cookies
small files that websites leave on their visitors’ computers
Copyright
The legal right to control intellectual property
Hypertext markup language (HTML)
used to format pages on the Web
Hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP)
the Internet protocol used to transfer files over the Web
Internet2
“a new, faster version of the Internet”
Modems (modulator-demodulators
convert digital data to analog signals and vice versa
Net neutrality
users are not discriminated against due to amount/nature of the data they transfer
Patent
“gives and inventor the exclusive right tomato, use, or sell ad invention for 20 years”
Protocols
technical rules governing data communication
Uniform resource locators (URLs)
the addresses of Web pages
What does DNS do?
It translates web addresses that people use into addresses the Internet uses
What law requires libraries and schools to filter out inappropriate content on their computers?
the Children’s Internet Protection Act
True or False: It is fair to say that the Web continues to converge with and compete with conventional media
true
According to the textbook, which of the following is TRUE of ARPANET?
It was initially funded by the US gov
True or False: Phishing is associated with identity theft schemes
true
Which of the following is not a characteristic of the Internet?
Content on the web is not protected by copyright
According to the textbook, ____ develop Web pages and ____ offer access to the Internet.
content providers//ISPs
Encryption
used when a message is written in a secret code
Internet service providers (ISPs)
provide connections to the Internet
Social Media
media whose content is created and distribute through social interaction
Web 2.0
a new way of using the Internet for collaboration and sharing among individual users
Wide area networks (WANs)
connect computers that are miles apart
Which of the following is NOT owned by Google?
-YouTube
-the Chrome browser
-Nexus cell phones
-the Facebook social network website
the Facebook social network site
True or False: America Online, the Microsoft Network, and Comcast are ISPs
true
True or False: Internet Protocol (IP) version 6 vastly increases the number of possible network addresses
true
True or False: Moore’s Law states that computers double in processing capacity and speed every 6 months
false
What is the most common activity on the Internet?
Checking e-mail
According to the textbook, ____ refers to processing capacity in computer chips doubled about every 18 months
Moore’s Law
Portals
are Web pages that users launch when they first log on to the Web
Spyware
malicious software that secretly sends information about your online activities
According to the textbook, the marriage of videotex, hypertext, computer graphics, CD-ROMS, and personal computers was the environment into which ____ was born
the World Wide Web
True or False: All information on the Internet is free
false
True or False: Internet2 is synonymous with Web 2.0
false
According to the textbook, which country uses standard firewalls and proxy servers to block access to thousands of foreign websites
China
True or False: About 25 protocols define the Internet
false
Browsers
Local area networks (LANs)
“link computers within a department, building, or campus”
Transmission-control protocol/Internet protocol (TCP/IP)
the basic protocol used by the Internet
True or False: A group of students led by Marc Andreesen designed the first graphical Web browser
true
How long do leading US search engines keep data detailing our online activities?
12-18 months
E-commerce (electric commerce)
online purchases and financial transactions on the Web
True or False: Web pages are typically coded in iOS markup language
false
Who are the leaders in the PC market?
Dell and Hewlett-Packard
____ are a cross between a personal web page, personal diary, an online directory and a newspaper editorial page
Blogs
Tracking tools such as cookies and web bugs benefit the development of ____ but pose threats to ____
e-commerce…privacy
According to the textbook, which of the following BEST describes Internet portals?
They are user-customizable webpages that combine information from various sources
Under the policy of ____, Internet users are not discriminated against based on the amount or nature of the data they transfer
net neutrality
According to the textbook,the “digital divide” demonstrates that all of the following EXCEPT ____ have been slower to adopt the internet, duet socioeconomic factors
Caucasians
True or False: It is NOT fair to apply the term convergence to what is happening with the web and conventional media
false
True or False: Internet is NOT synonymous with Web 2.0
true
Spamming
unsolicited commercial e-mailing
True or False: Web 3.0, or the “semantic web,” seeks to attach useful indexing labels to online content
true
According to the textbook, ISPs:
provide users with connections to the internet