Chapter Two Vocab for Intro to Information Technology

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The Internet, also called the Net, is a worldwide collection of networks that links millions of buisinesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals
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No single person, company, institution, or government agency controls or owns the Internet.
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An IP address, short of the Internet Protocol address, is a number that uniquely identifies each computer or device connected to the Internet.
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Each electronic document on the Web, called a Web page, can contain text, graphics, animation, audio, and video.
A Web browser, or browser, is application software that allows users to access and view Web pages or access Web 2.0 programs.
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Another use of the term, home page, refers to the first page that a Web site displays.
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A link, short for hyperlink, is a built-in connection to another related Web page or part of a Web page.
Most current Web browsers support tabbed browsing, where the top of the browser displays a tab (similar to a file folder tab) for each Web page you open.
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A portal is a Web site that offers a variety of Internet services from a single, convenient location.
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Multimedia refers to any application that combines text with graphics, animation, audio, video, and/or birtual reality.
Many Web pages use colorful graphical designs and images to convey messages.
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A thumbnail is a small version of a larger graphic. You usually can clikc a thumbnail to display a larger image.
Many Web pages use animation, which is the appearance of motion created by displaying a series of still images in sequence.
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For example, the MP3 format reduces an audio file to about one-tenth its original size, while preserving much of the orginal quality of the sound.
It is legal to download copyrighted music only if the song’s copyright holder has granted permission for users to download and play the song.
To listen to an audio file on your computer, you need special software called a player.
Streaming is the process of transferring data in a continuous and even flow.
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a plug-in, or add-on, is a program that extends the capability of a browser.
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Web publishing is the development and maintenance of Web pages. To develop a Web page, you do not have to be a computer programmer. For the small business or home user, Web publishing is fairly easy as long as you have the proper tools (a) plan, (b) analyze, (c) create, (d) deploy, and (e) maintain.
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Just as you address a letter when using the postal system, you address and e-mail message with the e-mail adress of your intended recipient. Likewise, when someone sends you a message, he or she must have your e-mail address. An e-mail address is a comvination of a user name and a domain name that identifies a user so that he or she can receive Internet e-mail.
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A username is a unique combination of characters, such as letters of the alphabet and/or numbers that identifies a specific user.
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Real time means that you and the people with whom you are conversing are online at the same time.
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A chat is a real-time typed conversation that takes place on a computer.
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Netiquette, which is short for Internet etiquette, si the code of acceptable behaviors users should follow while on the Internet; that is, it is the conduct expected of individuals while online.