CIS 110 Chapter 1

aggregator
A software program that finds and retrieves the latest update of web materiel ( usually podcasts) according to your specifications
blog (weblog)
A personal log or journal posted on the web; short for web log
Bookmarks
Features in some browsers that place marker of websites’ Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) in an easily retrievable list
Boolean Operator
A word used to refine logical searches. For internet searches, the words AND, NOT, and OR describe the relationships between keywords in the search
breadcrumb trail
A navigation aid that shows users the path they have taken to get to a web page or where the web page is located within the website; it usually appears at the top of a page
business-to-business (B2B)
E-commerce transactions between businesses
business-to-consumer (B2C)
E-commerce transactions between businesses and consumers
client
A computer that requests information from a server ina client/server network ( such as your computer when you are connected to the internet).
client/server network (server-based network)
A type of network that uses servers to deliver services to computers that are requesting them (clients).
consumer-to-consumer
E-commerce transaction between consumers through online sites such as eBay.com.
domain name
A part of a Uniform Resource Locator (URL). Domain names consist of two parts; the site’s host and a suffix that indicates the type of organization ( example: popsci.com, where popsci is the domain name and com is the suffix).
e-commerce (electronic commerce)
The process of conducting business online for purposes ranging from fund-raising to advertising to selling products
e-mail (electronic mail)
Internet-based communication in which senders and recipients correspond
e-mail client
A software program that runs on a computer and is used to send and receive e-mail through an Internet service provider’s server
Favorites
A feature in Microsoft Internet Explorer that places a marker of a website’s Uniform Resource Locator (URL) in an easily retrievable list in the browser’s toolbar. (Called Bookmarks in some browser’s)
File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
A protocol used to upload and download files from one computer to another over the Internet
host
The portion of a domain name that identifies who maintains a given website. For example, berkeley.edu is the domain name for the University of California at Berkely, which maintains that site.
hyperlink
A type of specially coded text that, when clicked, enables a user to jump from one location, or web page, to another within a website or to another website altogether.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
The protocol that allows files to be transferred from a web server so that you can see them on your computer by using a browser.
instant messaging (IM)
A program that enables users to communicate online in real time with others who are also online
Internet
A network of networks that’s the largest network in the world, connecting billions of computer globally
Internet backbone
The main pathway of high-speed communications line over which all Internet traffic flows.
Internet Protocol (IP) Address
The means by which all computers connected to the Internet identify each other. It consists of a unique set of four numbers separated by dots, such as 123.45.178.91
keyword
(1) A specific word a user wishes to a query ( or look for) in an Internet search (2) A specific word that has a predefined meaning in a particular programming language
live bookmark
A bookmark that delivers updates as soon as they become available, using Really Simple Syndication (RSS)
metasearch engine
A search engine, such as Dogpile, that searches other search engines rather than individual websites
mutimedia
Anything that involves one or more forms of media plus text
path (subdirectory)
The information after the slash that indicates a particular file or path ( or subdirectory) within the website
plug-in (player)
A small sofware program that “plugs in” to a web browser to enable a specific function- for example, to view and hear certain multimedia files on the web
podcast
A clip of audio or video content that’s broadcast over the Internet using compresses audio or video files in formate such as MP3
Really Simple Syndication (RSS)
An XML-based format that allows frequent updates of content on the World Wide Web
search engine
A set of programs that searches the web for specific words (or keywords) you wish to query (or look for) and that then returns a list of the websites on which those keywords are found
secure socket layer (SSL)
A network security protocol that provides for the encryption of data transmitted using the Internet. The current versions of all major web browsers support SSL
semantic web (Web 3.0)
An evolving extension of the World Wide Web in which information is defined in such a way as to make it more easily readable to computers
server
A computer that provides resources to other computers on a network
social bookmarking (tagging)
A keyword or term that internet users assign to a web resource such as a webpage, digital image, or video
social commerce
A subset of e-commerce that uses social networks to assist in marketing and purchasing products.
social networking
A means by which people use the internet to communicate and share information among their immediate friends and to meet and connect with others through common interests, experiences, and friends
streaming audio
Technology that enables audio files to be fed to a browser continuously. This lets users avoid having to download an entire file before listening
streaming video
Technology that enables video files to be fed to a browser continuously. This lets users avoid having to download the entire file before viewing
subject directory
A structured outline of websites organized by topics and subtopics
top-level domain
The suffix, othen of three letters (such as .com or .edu), in the domain name that indicates the kind of organization the host is.
Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
A website’s unique address; and example is microsoft.com
video log ( VLOG or Video log)
A personal online journal that uses video as the primary content in addition to text, images, and audio
Web 2.0
Tools and web-based services that emphasize online collaboration and sharing among users
web-based email
A type of e-mail system that’s managed by a web browser and that allows access to e-mail from the web
web browser ( browser)
Software installed on a computer system that allows individuals to locate, view, and navigate the web.
webcast
The broadcast of audio or video content over the Internet. Unlike a podcast, a webcast is not updated automatically.
web server
A computer running a specialized operating system that enables it to host web pages (and other information) and to provide requested web pages to clients.
website
A location on the web
wiki
A type of website that allows anyone visiting the site to change its content by adding, removing, or editing its content
World Wide Web (WWW or the Web)
The part of the internet used the most. What distinguishes the web from the rest of the internet are (1) its use of common communication protocols (such as Transmission Control Protocol/ Internet Protocol, or TCP/IP) and special languages (such as HyperText Markup Language, or HTML) that enable different computers to talk to each other and display information in compatible formats and (2) its use of special links (called hyperlinks) that enable users to jump from one place to another in the web
What is the name for the list of links you’ve visited within a website?
Breadcrumb trail
What is NOT a component of a search engine? : spider, indexer program, subject directory, or search engine software
subject directory
When using the internet for research, you
should evaluate sites for bias and relevance.
Which of the following is not a internet protocol: ARPANET, FTP, HTTP, BitTorrent
ARPANET
eBay and Craiglist are examples of what kind of internet commerce: C2C, B2C, B2B, C2B?
C2C
True or False: A search engine that searches other search engines in called a supersearch engine.
False
True or False: In a web address www.facebook.com, “facebook” is the top-level domain
False