cis ch 5

Which of the following copies all of the files in a computer?
full backup
What term is used to describe the process of restricting access to certain material on the web?
content filtering
Which of the following are used to record, save, and then execute a set of keystrokes and instructions repeatedly?
macros
With which of the following do users choose which folders and files to include in a backup?
selective backup
Which of the following laws provides the same protection that covers mail and telephone communications to electronic communications such as voice mail?
Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA)
What is another name for public key encryption?
asymmetric key encryption
Many businesses use which of the following to limit employees’ web access?
content filtering
Which of the following terms is used to describe a scam in which a website includes a button, image or link that contains a malicious program?
clickjacking
You have just provided the identification number that associates your new software purchase with the mobile device on which you installed the software. What is the term for this process?
product activation
Which of the following can transmit germs?
hand geometry systems
Which of the following does a new federal laboratory use in its high security areas?
iris recognition system
The term firewall is
hardware and/or software that protects a network’s resources from intrusion
Which of the following statements is not a safeguard against the failure of hardware?
device-tracking apps
Many websites require a user to enter a private combination of characters associates with a user name that allows access to certain computer resources. What is the term for this combination of character?
password
Which term is used to describe software used by cybercriminals?
crimeware
Which of the following is a technique intruders use to make their network or internet transmission appear legitimate to a victim computer or network?
spoofing
Which of the following best describes the term, cybercrime?
online or internet-based illegal acts
Which of the following is an authorized person or company that issues and verifies digital certificates?
certificate authority
Which of the following is a scam in which a perpetrator sends an official looking email that attempts to obtain a user’s personal and financial information?
phishing
The term, payload, as it pertains to computer crime, is defined as _____________.
the destructive event or prank the program is intended to deliver
Which of the following does your financial service institution use to secure the transactions you make using their phone banking service?
voice verification system
In the case of system failure or the discovery of corrupted files, what do users do to the backed-up files when they bring the files to their original location on a computer?
they restore the files
Which of the following is someone who demands payment in order to stop an attack on an organization’s technology infrastructure?
cyberextortionist
Which of the following terms refers to a written list of guidelines that might include rules that prevent employees from using software illegally or using computers to steal?
an IT code of conduct
Which of the following statements is not true about backing up?
With a selective backup, all of the files in the computer automatically are chosen to be copied
Which of the following is the process of restricting access to certain material on the web?
content filtering
Which of the following is not a possessed object?
PIN
Social engineering, as it pertains to computers, is _____________.
gaining unauthorized access or obtaining confidential information by taking advantage of the trusting nature or naivety of users
Into which of the following kinds of ports do external fingerprint readers plug?
USB
Which of the following involves the use of computers to observe, record, and review an employee’s use of a computer, including communications such as email messages, keyboarding activity, and websites visited?
employee monitoring
Which kind of license is a legal agreement that permits users to install the software on multiple computers, usually at a volume discount?
site
What is the term for a program that performs a repetitive task on a network?
bot
Websites use which of the following to keep track of items in a user’s shopping cart?
session cookie
Internet advertising firms often use which of the following to collect information about users web browsing habits?
spyware
The term, PIN, is an acronym for which of the following?
personal identification number
The term CAPTCHA is _____________.
a series of distorted characters that a user is required to enter correctly to continue using a website
You have encountered a technology that is effective in blocking computer-generated attempts to access a website because it is generally easy for humans to recognize distorted characters. What is this technology?
CAPTCHA
Which of the following kinds of certificate is a notice that guarantees a user or website is legitimate?
digital
Which of the following is, a small text file that a web server stores on a user’s computer?
cookie
Personal computers, display devices, and printers should comply with guidelines of which of the following programs?
ACCEPTABLE USE
Which of the following terms is used to describe a set of steps that can convert readable plaintext into unreadable ciphertext?
an encryption algorithm
Which of the following statements is not true about Internet and network attacks?
Information kept on an organization’s premises has a higher security risk than information transmitted over networks.
Which of the following refers to a technique intruders use to make their network or Internet transmission appear legitimate to a victim computer or network?
spoofing
The term, zombie, is _____________.
a computer or device whose owner is unaware that the computer or device is being controlled remotely by an outsider
The term, botnet, means _____________.
a group of compromised computers connected to a network that attacks other networks
A perpetrator is using a botnet. Which of the following is the least likely use of his botnet?
authoring ActiveX scripts
The term back door, as it refers to computer crime, is _____________.
a program or set of instructions that allows users to bypass security controls when accessing a program, computer, or network
An IT code of conduct is a written guideline that helps determine whether a specific computer action is which of the following?
ethical
Which of the following is a duplicate of a file, program, or disk that can be used if the original is lost, damaged, or destroyed?
backup
Which of the following statements is not true about intellectual property rights?
The term fair use refers to the rights which creators are entitled for their work.
To read encrypted data, the recipient must decipher it into a readable form. What is the term for this process?
decryption
Which of the following terms is used to describe an encrypted code that a person, website, or organization uses to verify the identity of the message sender?
a digital signature
Which kind of license is a legal agreement that allows multiple users to access the software on the server simultaneously?
network
Which of the following is the least likely motive for a DDoS?
spoofing
In your encryption algorithm, you replaced each letter with another letter. Which algorithm did you use?
substitution
How long can digital certificates be valid?
two years
Which of the following can be used to create a software registration number, sometimes illegally?
keygen