CMIS 4th Test

Businesses sometimes achieve uninterruptible service by using a technology known as ____ to keep a mirror copy of all their data.
RAID
An expert system uses _________ , or rules of thumb, to arrive at conclusions or make suggestions.
heuristics
A strong advocate of the Singularity concept is ____.
Ray Kurzweil
____ artificial intelligence is very popular in the programming of robots.
Behavior-based
Conventional AI is also called ___________.
symbolic AI
AI expert ____ has created an AI program he calls the Cybernetic Poet that can create poetry in the style of human poets.
Ray Kurzweil
In artificial intelligence, ____ computation is based on a genetic algorithm to solve complex problems.
evolutionary
Using ____ logic, results are based on approximations and sometimes ambiguous criteria.
fuzzy
An Internet-based crime is referred to as a(n) ____ crime.
cyber
A(n) ____ system is AI software that is programmed to respond like a human expert in a particular field or area.
expert
____ permissions provide registered users with access to the files they need, while restricting access to private resources.
User
AI applications are ways in which AI methodologies are applied to ____ and provide services.
solve problems
A ____ computer is remotely controlled by a hacker to damage or corrupt a computer resource.
zombie
A common form of authentication is a ____.
password
To protect your wireless devices and the information they hold, you should set up encryption such as ____.
WPA2
When starting a new job, you may need to sign a(n) ____ that defines acceptable and unacceptable uses of computer and network resources.
network usage policy
Speech recognition, handwriting recognition, and face recognition all fall under the AI category of ____ recognition.
pattern
Microsoft Windows uses ____ Drive Encryption.
BitLocker
Sites such as eBay are a popular target for ____.
Internet fraud
A company may hire a ____ hacker to learn about vulnerabilities in its system.
white-hat
One important characteristic of artificial intelligence is when a system modifies its own behavior based on its ability to learn, also known as ____.
machine learning
One use for a(n) ____ is to search a database for information pertaining to a specific query.
intelligent agent
When using a public Wi-Fi network, when is it safe to send private information over the network?
never
The concept of machines with intelligence that exceeds human intelligence is referred to as __________.
strong AI
When you enter the wrong GPS position for the start point on a trip you are about to take, this is an example of ____.
a data-entry error
Receiving a fraudulent email that closely resembles a legitimate website, such as one from your bank, is known as a(n) ____ attack.
phishing
Software companies rely on ____ to “fix” problems in their programs related to bugs and flaws.
updates
____ threats are network security threats that originate from within a network.
Interior
The job of the ____ administrator is to control who has access to various network resources such as files and folders.
network
Facial recognition is used as a(n) ____ process in the Australian SmartGate system.
authentification
____ proposed a test to determine whether a computer can be said to “think.”
Alan Turing
Medical robots are built with ____ capabilities to perform sophisticated surgeries.
high-precision
Robots are used to perform jobs that involve the three Ds. Which of the following is NOT one of the three Ds?
disasters
Artists use a branch of artificial intelligence called ____ to express themselves through computers.
artificial creativity
A(n) ____ certificate confirms your credentials when conducting business or other transactions on the web.
SSL
A ____ may be used to filter data that may be undesirable.
firewall
A ____ is commonly packaged with a new computer system.
rescue disk
An item such as a smart card is an example of the ____ form of authentication.
something you have
Communication and language are key elements in the ____.
Turing Test
An email with a subject heading “Urgent Security Update” that requests a username and password followed by a link to “re-login and resolve the issue” is a good example of a ____ scam.
phishing
Computer vision enables ________ to react to visual input.
software
The art and science of creating computer systems that simulate human thought and behavior are referred to as _____.
artificial intelligence
The component of artificial intelligence that demonstrates the ability to learn from experience and continuously improve performance is called __________.
machine learning
In a distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack, the services of a(n) ____ can be halted.
Internet server
The Mac computer employs the ____ system to encrypt its file data.
FileVault
An important function of a firewall is to protect all the ____ of a network or computer from undesirable data.
ports
An individual who illegally downloads copyright-protected software is referred to as a ____.
pirate
In a practice called ____, someone may manipulate people into performing actions or divulging confidential information on the Internet.
social engineering
One challenge with speech recognition software is its ability to ____ words that sound the same but have different meanings.
recognize
Speech recognition technology has advanced to the point that some users are considering it as an alternative to ____.
typing
The concept of the Singularity predicts that computers will be ____.
superintelligent
Neural networks, fuzzy systems, and evolutionary computation are all forms of __________, where systems develop intelligence through an iterative learning process.
computational intelligence
Computational intelligence is a form of _________.
artificial intelligence
The https:// protocol in a URL indicates the use of a(n) ____ by the website.
SSL connection
A popular encryption method used to protect data that travels over a wireless network is ____.
WPA
The ____ was established to secure and monitor security risks to U.S. networks and the Internet.
US-CERT
The only time it is considered safe to send private information over a public wireless network is if it has ____.
none of the above; a public wireless network is never safe for private information
A company called ____ provides digital certifications for web transactions.
VeriSign
A ____ allows hackers to gain access to important code or information in a software program.
security hole
All of the following are examples of malware EXCEPT ____.
updates
Expert systems, case-based reasoning, and Bayesian networks are all examples of ____________.
conventional AI
An expert system relies on ____ to provide subject-specific knowledge.
human experts
AI neural networks use ____ to simulate the processing that takes place between neurons in the brain.
software
You can protect yourself from identity theft by using ____ when transmitting information over network connections.
encryption
Criminals collect items such as credit card numbers without the user’s knowledge through the use of ____.
spyware
A feature of neural networks includes the ability to quickly ____ stored data when new information is identified.
modify
Searching the Web for the best deal on an airline flight is a good example of ____ at work.
an intelligent agent
Which of the following is one realistic way to promote Internet security?
Select strong passwords and change them regularly.