Computer, Chapter 11

A checkout clerk with this level of privileges to the email addresses in a discount warehouse database could view the addresses but not change them. What is this level of privileges called?
Read-only
A data dictionary contains details about data. What term is used to describe this characteristic?
Metadata
A DBMS uses which of the following to perform validation checks?
Data dictionary
A form that sends entered data across a network or the Internet is called which of the following terms?
e-form
A table that has rows and columns is what type of table?
two-dimensional
After a power failure, you instruct the DBMS to use the log to reenter any changes made to the database since the last save or backup. What term is used to describe is backup technique?
Forward recovery
An application that supports a front-end program sometimes is called which of the following?
Back end
Analyst often refer to the three___’s when describing characteristics of Big Data.
V
Compared with relational databases, which of the following is true of object-oriented databases?
They store data in objects
Complex DBMSs maintain a listing of activities that modify the contents of a database. What is the listing called?
Log
If you are running a check that applies a formula to the primary key, what kind of check are you running?
Check digit
If you are running a check to ensure that a required field contains data, or the correct minimum number of characters, what kind of check are you running?
Completeness
In a database which of the following is a connection within the data?
Relationship
In a database, what is the smallest unit of data user accesses?
A field
In managing a company’s database, which of the following roles requires a technical inside view of data?
Administrator
In what kind of recovery does the DBMS use the log to reenter changes made to a database since the last save or backup?
Forward
In what kind of recovery does the DBMS use the log to undo changes made to a database during a certain period?
Backward
In which of the following databases is the physical location of the server on which it is stored is transparent and often unknown, to the user?
Distributed
In your school’s database, in which of the following is all the information about a particular student stored?
A record
Many database programs perform which of the following in order to analyze entered data help ensure that it is correct?
Validity check
Most data items are stored in only one file, which greatly reduces____
Duplicate data
SQL stand for which of the following?
Structured Query Language
What company did Larry Ellison help found?
Oracle
What database term is use to describe a request for specific data from the database?
Query
What does each byte in the ASCII coding scheme represent?
Single character
What does the S in SQL stand for?
Structured
What involves showing users exactly how they will use the new hardware and software in the system?
Training
What is a database that stores data in tables that consists of rows and columns?
Relational database
What is a feature that has a graphical user interface to assist users with retrieving data?
QBE
What is more user-friendly interface some users use instead of interacting directly with a DBMS?
front end
What is another term for a data dictionary?
Repository
What is data redundancy?
Each department has its own files, so the same data might be stored in multiple files
What is DBMS?
software
What is the process of comparing data with a set of rules or vales to determine if the data meets certain criteria
Validation
What is the process of presenting data graphically as charts, maps, or other pictorial formats in order to understand the resulting information easily?
Data visualization
What is the smallest unit of data the computer can process?
Bit
What is the term for a collection of data organized in a manner that allows access, retrieval, and use of the data?
A database
What is the term for a feature that has a graphical user interface to assist users with retrieving data?
QBE
What is the term for the process of comparing data with a set of rules or values to find out if the data is correct?
Validation
What type of database are organizations MOST LIKELY to use for payroll, accounts receivable, inventory, and invoicing?
relational
What type of database exists in many separate locations throughout a network or the Internet?
distributed
What was Megan’s Law designed to do?
Create a list of names and addresses of people convicted crimes against children
What kind of database stores data in dimensions?
Multidimensional
Which of the following consists of rules and standards that define how a database organizes data?
Data model
Which of the following contains data about each file in the database and each field in those files?
Data dictionary
Which of the following does a back end interact with?
DBMS
Which of the following does NOT improve with the database approach?
Data security
Which of the following identifies the quality of data in a database?
Data integrity
Which of the following is a collection of data organized in a manner that allows access, retrieval, and use of that data?
Database
Which of the following is a database that stores data in tables that consist of rows and columns?
Relational
Which of the following is a huge database that stores and manages the data required to analyze historical and current transactions?
Data warehosue
Which of the following is a nonprocedural language that enables users and software developers to access data in a database?
4GL
Which of the following is a number(s) or character(s) that is appended to or inserted into a primary key field?
Check digit
Which of the following is a program with which users interact that generally has a more user-friendly interface than a DBMS?
front end
Which of the following is a query language that allows users to manage, update, and retrieve data?
SQL
Which of the following is a request for specific data from a database?
Query
Which of the following is a window on the screen that provides areas for entering or modifying data in a database
Form
Which of the following is an advantage of multidimensional database?
It can store data in two dimensions.
Which of the following is an item that contains data, as well as the actions that read or process data?
Object
Which of the following is NOT a way that a DBMS deals with deleting records from a database?
Records cannot be deleted fro ma DBMS
Which of the following is NOT considered a pat of file maintenance?
The creation of a new database
Which of the following is true about the database approach?
Data in a database is less vulnerable than data in file processing systems
Which of the following of checks is a validity check on data, which determines whether a number is within a specified group of numbers?
Range
Which of the following kind of checks is a validity check performed on data, which ensures users ensures enter only alphabetic data into a field?
Alphabetic
Which of the following kind of checks is a validity check performed a data, which ensures users enter only numeric data into a field?
Numeric
Which of the following kinds of backup are used by organizations such as hospitals, communications companies, and financial institutions?
Continuous
Which of the following kinds of values is the one that a DBMS initially displays in a field?
Default
Which of the following languages consists of simple, English-like statements that allow users to specify the data to display, print, or store?
Query
Which of the following privileges for data involve establishing who can enter new data, change existing data, delete unwanted data, and view data?
Access
Which of the following refers to the different formats to represent or store data for use by humans and computer applications?
Variety
Which of the following statements about data types is FALSE?
Text data types are used for lengthy memos
Which of the following statements best describes a form?
A window on the screen that provides areas for entering or modifying data in a database
Which of the following statements is FALSE about relational databases?
Applications best suited for relational databases are those whose data can be organized into a three-dimensional table
Which of the following statements is NOT true about multidimensional databases?
Most multidimensional databases use standard query language
Which of the following statements is NOT true about object-oriented databases (OODBs)?
A voice mail system is an example of groupware database
Which of the following statements is NOT true about the database approach?
A disadvantage to the database approach is isolated data.
Which of the following stores data in objects?
OODB
Which of the following, with regard to the entire database, should be made on regular basis?
Backup
Which recovery technique is more expensive, but provides recovery of damaged data in a matter of seconds?
Continuous backup
Which term describes a huge database that stores and manages data required to analyze historical and current transactions?
Data warehouse
Which term does a user of a relational database use to refer to a file?
Table
Which term does a user of relational database use to refer to a record?
Row
Which term is use to describe the practice that users’ access privileges are limited to the lowest level necessary to perform required tasks?
Principle of least privilege
Who was the inventor of the relational database model?
E. F. Codd
You are creating a database for your computer club. Most of the students live in your town, Durham. How can you make Durham appear initially in the field to make data entry easier?
Make it the default value
You create a computer-aided design database that stores data including a list of components of an item being designed, the relationship among the components, and previous versions of the design drafts. Which data model did you use?
Multidimensional
You create a database that stores data in tables that consist of rows and columns. Each row has a primary key, and each column has a unique name. Which data model did you use?
Relational
You store all of your photographs on a website that uses a database to store the photos users post. What is this type of database called?
Collaborative database
Your database was damaged due to hardware failure. What can you use to restore it?
A backup
​What is a combination of one or more related characters or bytes and is the smallest unit of data a user accesses?
Field