Computer class chapter one

Crisis-mapping
________ tools gather information from sources such as e-mails, text messages, and tweets and make the information instantly and publicly available for use in emergencies.
Social networking
________ tools enable groups of people to connect and exchange ideas.
digital
The gap between those who have easy access to the Internet and technology those who do not is known as the ________ divide.
Cognitive surplus
________ results when leisure time and tools allow us to engage in creative acts.
crowdfunding
Using the Internet to get small donations from many people to start a business is called ________.
quick response
QR stands for ________.
Crowdsourcing
________ solicits online input from consumers.
collaborative consumption
Sharing products rather than owning them individually is known as ________.
Skype
A popular Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) service is ________.
literate
The term computer ________ is used to describe someone who is familiar enough with computers to understand their capabilities and limitations.
spam
Unwanted or junk e-mail is called ________.
knowing only how to use your computer for e-mails
All of the following are examples of being computer literate, EXCEPT ________.
Blackboard
Faculty at universities often use course management software such as ________ so that students can communicate outside of class and have easy access to class materials.
biomedical
The goal of ________ research is to provide technological solutions to physical and health-related problems.
bio-medical chip implants
One potential application of ________ is to provide sight to the blind.
autism
A group of researchers at the MIT Media Lab have developed a system to help improve social skills for people who have ________.
forensics
Analyzing computer systems to gather potential legal evidence is computer ________.
recognizes and simulates human emotion
Affective computing ________.
binary
Computers use ________ language consisting of 0s and 1s.
bits
In binary language, each letter of the alphabet, each number, and each special symbol is made up of a unique combination of eight ________.
Megabyte
Which of the following is the smallest unit of measure?
operating system
Apple’s OS X and Microsoft Windows are examples of ________ software.
tablet
An Apple iPad and a Samsung Galaxy Tab are examples of ________ computers.
Embedded
________ computers are specially designed computer chips that reside inside other devices such as a car.
input
A keyboard and mouse are examples of ________ devices.
stylus
A(n) ________ is an input device that looks like a pen.
screen resolution
The number of pixels displayed on the screen is known as ________.
liquid crystal display (LCD)
The most common type of monitor is a(n) ________.
nonimpact
Inkjet printers and laser printers are examples of ________ printers.
motherboard
The ________ contains the central electronic components of the computer.
RAM
________ is the abbreviation for the place in the computer where the programs and data the computer is currently using are temporarily stored.
volatile
RAM is a ________ storage location.
ROM
The area that holds all the instructions the computer needs to start up when it is powered on is ________.
RAM
All of the following are examples of nonvolatile storage EXCEPT ________.
hard
All of the following are names for a flash drive EXCEPT ________ drive.
USB port
Flash drives plug into a(n) ________.
Universal serial bus (USB)
Which port is the most common port found on today’s computing devices?
port
A(n) ________ is where a peripheral device can attach to a computer so that data can be exchanged between it and the operating system.
Ergonomics
________ is concerned with the design and arrangement of machines and furniture to avoid uncomfortable or unsafe experiences.