Computerised desition making - Essay Example

These decisions may include crunching profit numbers to determine future layoffs or gauging whether certain global offices should remain open or not. If you are evaluating whether computerized decision making is right for your organization, there are advantages and disadvantages to implementing the technology into your corporate strategy. Decision Making is a vital activity; it determines the actions that people take and the appropriateness of these actions is important for both individuals and organizations.

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While human brains can contain a high level of information to use in making a cession, a computer’s “brain” can contain even more data and information, depending on the storage space it is connected to. With a higher capacity for more data, especially data that a human brain might not retain, such as complex equations, more information can be incorporated into the “brain” or algorithm of the computer in its decision making, leading to better results. Computers can process information much faster than a human brain.

One advantage to computers making decisions is that you will have decisions made faster and more accurately than a human brain, which may get hung up with different factors involving the decision, adding to slower overall results. Also, unlike people who can become tired or suffer from a lack of concentration and deliver inaccurate decisions, a well-tuned computer is always alert and can process reams of information without growing bored or tired, leading to more precise results.

Case Incident 1 Computerized Decision Making Q-1 what are the specific advantages of using computerized decision making? How can computer be better decision makers than humans? Advantages of computer decision making are Faster and efficient in processing of information, Automatic enervation of accounting documents like invoices, cheeses and statement of account. With the larger reductions in the cost of hardware and software and availability of user-friendly accounting software package, it is relatively cheaper like maintaining a manual accounting system.

More timely information can be produced. No more manual processing of the data- all automatically been posted to the various ledgers/ accounts and Many types of useful reports can be generated for management to make decisions. Limitations in memory are the crucial aspect of human cognition that impinges on cession making. People were severely limited in terms of the amount of information they could process at any particular moment in time.

Given that limited capacity processing is seen as a primary constraint some have argued that computers should be used to support decision making, since they can provide the extra computational power needed to retain all the information about every available alternative and to undertake the complex calculations that underpin the rational model. , computers can acquire and hold more information about a particular decision domain than. In addition, computers recall precisely what they store in terms of both the data themselves and their format so are not subject to the human memory.

Q-2 what are the weakness of using computer as decision tools? Are computer likely to have any specific problem in making decision that people wouldn’t have? The cost of computer and associated equipment’s is falling steadily. Still this equipment’s are and continue to be much more costly as compared to manual processing equipment’s. Also technological complexity of this equipment makes it more difficult to learn and maintain these equipment’s as compared to equipment’s of manual information processing.

Use of computers require additional infrastructure, such as power supply and software back up. This increases the chances of problems due to failure of infrastructure. For example, a computer will not work where there is no electric power supply. Even a laptop with a battery will work without power supply only for a limited period. Failures of computer system can be more serious and difficult to correct. For example, one scratch on a hard disk can make the complete data on the disk inaccessible.

In comparison, manual system faults have comparatively limited impact. One page torn from a cabinet full of documents has no impact on other documents. A computer generally reduces the errors of processing. However if there is an error in input data, it can result in major blunders in the processing which the computer system is unable to detect. In manual systems the chances of such blunders passing undetected and corrected is much less. Q-3 Do you think computer decision making system can effectively take ethical issue into account?

What is the role of human decision makers in creating Ethical choice? Ethical decision-making is a very important part of the business environment because often a situation may come along. Computer ethics deals with the issues that relate to the moral implications of the way decisions are being made in regarding to the computer domain. It also refers to the morality of the computer professionals, and their usage to computers Human decision makers in creating Ethical decision making deals with preferences, utilities, costs, benefits, goals, and objectives.

One must take all of these into account in order to define the problem and determined the desired end result. Basically, it is “the process of identifying a problem, generating alternatives, and choosing among them so that the alternatives selected maximized the most important ethical values while also achieving the intended goal” Q-4 Are there advantages to completely disconnecting from the wired world when possible?

What can you do to try to retain your ability to focus and process information deeply? In many ways, it is. Computers, smart phones and other digital devices perform countless wonderful tasks for us, and have enormous potential to enrich our lives in the decades to come. Without depth, everything we do suffers – from the smallest everyday task, to the personal relationships that matter most to us, to how we think and work.

In technologically advanced societies around the world, workers now sit at their desks all day shuttling computer. This endless cycle of distractions is making businesses, governments and other organizations less, rather than more, efficient – defeating the purpose the technologies were created for in the first place General Discussion The full potential of computer-based decision support can only be realized if it is plopped and evaluated in the context of a broad understanding of how decision makers think.

While limits in information processing can be overcome by drawing on the computational power of computers, there is also a need to recognize that: there are occasions when simple rather than complex rules are appropriate; beliefs and values are constructed during the process of deliberation making them highly sensitive to the interfaces supporting this process; intuitive thinking provides important insights and should be used alongside the outputs of formal computer modeling to evolve a requisite decision model; the support mechanism should implement existing forms of decisional thinking, particularly if these are known to be functional.