Healthy Eating Companion App - Essay Example

1.INTRODUCTION

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Healthy eating is the most important factor in maintaining health. It is considered as most important means of promoting health. Healthy eating is an overall sense of well being and also helps in preventing many chronic diseases. Healthy and unhealthy eating are both influenced by variety of factors.

The application allows users to specify their dietary requirements, based on which the application makes suggestions as to how much exercise the user needs to do that day. It also suggests healthy meals to the user based on their dietary plan.

It is very important that we follow a good nutritious diet for our bodies to function properly and stay healthy Foods are made up of six classes of nutrients. These nutrients are macronutrients (protein, carbohydrates, fats), micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) and water. If you neglect to have the right combination of these six items, it will be very difficult to live a healthy lifestyle.

2.BACKGROUND

Rapid developments have encouraged using smartphones in health promotion research. Although many applications which are related to diet and health are available from major smartphone platforms. The few have been tested in research studies in order to determine the apps effectiveness in promoting health.

Healthy eating helps us to maintain a healthy weight and also avoid certain health problems. Diet can have profound effect on sense of wellbeing. Studies have shown that eating Western diet with processed meats, packaged meals, takeout food, and sugary snacks will result in high rate of stress, depression, and anxiety. Eating an unhealthy diet may cause mental health disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease, schizophrenia, and increased risk of suicide in young people.

Eating vegetables and fruits, cooking meals at home, reducing intake of sugar and refined carbohydrates may help to improve health and lower your risk for mental health problems.

3.TEAM ROLES

Name: RUCHITA BHAGAT

Roles: Project Manager

Description: Ruchita will be responsible for leading the project and managing contact and feedback from stakeholders. The project manager will be checking to make sure tasks are completed by time. The manager will also be in charger of making sure the different area of the project are communicating with each other.

Name: STACY LLOYD

Roles: Graphical User Interface Design

Description: Stacy will be responsible for designing the graphical user interfaces for the application and the graphical assets for the interface for the application for all platforms. They will be expected to update there designs from testing feedback and giving the new designs to the application development. They are also expected to help with testing when there is no graphical work is required.

Name: MANASA KOMPELLI

Roles: Application Development

Description: Manasa will be responsible for developing the application, implementing the graphical user interface with the graphical assets. They will be expected to implement the logical code and fixing software bugs. If no work for the application is currently needed they are expected to help with the service/ database development or testing the application.

Name: TYRONE BRAMWELL

Roles: Service/ Database Development

Description: Tyrone will be responsible for designing and developing the sever side software and the database required for the proposed system. They will also be expected to look at hosting solutions for storing the database and running the server software. They will be expected to fix software bugs and help with the application development and testing.

Name: JOHN SMITH

Roles: Testing/ Quality assurance

Description: John will be responsible for designing test suits for the application and service/ database, creating automated testing for both part of the software. They will be expected to find bugs and problems with the software and verifying the solution meets the specification. They will also be expected to investigate bugs and ways to replicate them so they can be tested for on the next build.

4.SCOPE AND OBJECTIVE

4.1 SCOPE

The scope of the project is to build and design a cross platform application which links to services. The application helps the people to live healthy life and it also helps the people to keep the fat off and stay toned. It is the healthy meal planner combined with quick workout routines. The application allows users to specify their own dietary requirements so that application makes suggestions on healthy meals and also how much exercise the user needs to do that particular day.

Healthy Eating Companion App is like coach in your pocket, always ready to help. The App analyses your food diary, calculates your targets and guides you with personalized advice and diet tips.

The users will start using the application by selecting an appropriate plan in the application or by designing their own. The application estimates the intake of carbohydrates, fats and proteins based on users input, and suggest meals based on their daily allowance estimated from their dietary plan. The app provides the users with optional information about the activity required to burn the calories consumed per meal in various forms (walking, cycling, swimming, cardio, etc.). The goal of application is to lose weight, get fit and gain weight with sustainable happy and healthier lifestyle

4.2 OBJECTIVE

Healthy Eating Companion App is an application which helps people to follow their dietary plan and stay on track towards their goal. Its helps to follow meal plans and workouts created by experts trainers. It helps how to gain or lose weight with healthy diets and workout routines.

It is a personalized step-by-step guide accommodating everyone,from beginners to advanced fitness enthusiasts, providing

Workout plans to challenge you and make you progress.
Customized healthy meals and diet plans
Foods to eat and foods to avoid
Healthy recipes

Healthy eating companion app improves your nutrition and provides you with the healthy eating tools you need to reach your health and weight goals by

Organizing your week with a healthy meal plan
Providing you with over 300 healthy recipes customized to your personal tastes.
Keeping track of users daily calorie burn.
Accommodating dietary preferences vegetarian,vegan,pescatarian diets.

5.REQUIREMENTS

Req Code

Details

R01

Build a companion app

R02

Store users diet requirements

R03

Provide an exercise plan to users

R04

Meal plans based on diet requirements

R05

Exercise plans based on food intake

R06

Suggest health meal plans and alternatives

R07

Allow user to input honest intake

R08

Allow users to design own meal plans

R09

Provide optional information on exercises

R10

Show alternative Exercise

R11

Show calories burned by exercise

R12

Estimate Fats, carbohydrates and proteins from user input

6.SPECIFICATION

Spec Code

Req Code

Details

S01

R01

Use C# with .Mono to create a cross platform app for windows, Windows Mobile, android, iOS, mac OSX and linux

S02

R02

R07

R08

Use MySQL for the database technology as its one of the recommend database technologies to uses with mono (External Database). SQLite for storing information if using an internal database (Internal Database). Could use CSV and other data files for storing data

S03

R02

R07

R08

Design a database to store information

S04

R02

R07

R08

Create a database to store user information

S05

R02

Design a GUI to input and edit diet requirements

S06

R02

Create a GUI to input and edit diet requirements

S07

R02

Create code to store diet requirements input and allow editing them into database

S08

R03

Store possible exercise plans in database

S09

R03

Design a GUI to view possible exercise plans

S10

R03

Code GUI and code retrieving exercise plans

S11

R04

Store possible meal plans in database

S12

R04

Design a GUI to view possible meal plans

S13

R04

Code GUI and code retrieving meal plans

S14

R05

Code recommending exercise plans from food intake

S15

R05

Design and Code GUI for recommending exercise plan

S16

R06

Code recommending healthier meal plans and alternative meal plans

S17

R07

Create and design a GUI for inputting users honest intake

S18

R07

Store and retrieve user honest intake from database.

S19

R08

Create and Code GUI for allowing user to input own meal plan

S20

R08

Store and retrieve user meal plans from database.

S21

R09

Store optional information on exercises

S22

R09

Design and create a GUI for viewing optional exercises information.

S23

R10

Create and design a GUI showing alternative exercises.

S24

R10

Store alternative exercises in database

S25

R11

Display user information on how many calories an exercise burns

S26

R12

Write code which works out from the user honest inputs and Estimate Fats, carbohydrates and proteins

S27

R12

Store Estimate Fats, carbohydrates and proteins in a database

7.TIMELINE AND WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE

7.1 Timeline

7.2 WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE

1

PROJECT MANAGEMENT

1.1

PLANNING

1.1.1

PROJECT OBJEVTIVE

1.1.2

PROJECT MOTIVATION

1.1.3

PROJECT MANAGEMENT

1.2

ANALIZING PROJECT

1.2.1

PROJECT SCHEDULE

1.2.2

REQUIRED DOCUMENTS

1.3

TIME MANAGEMENT

1.3.1

TIME SCALE

1.4

PERFORM QUALITY ATTRIBUTES

1.4.1

MEETING SCHEDULE

1.4.2

MEETING AGENDAS

1.5

TECHNICAL COMMITTEE

1.6

STEERING COMMITTEE

2

DESIGN

2.1

PREPARING DESIGN

2.1.1

DESIGN DOCUMENT

2.1.2

DESIGN OVERVIEW

2.2

PREPARING DESIGN SPECIFICATION

2.2.1

DESIGN INTERFACE

2.2.2

DESIGN FOR SCREEN

2.3

REVIEW DESIGN

2.4

TECHNICAL DESIGN

2.4.1

INTERFACES

3

DEVELOPMENT

3.1

DEVELOPING SOFTWARE

3.2

BACKEND SOFTWARE

3.2.1

DATABASE IMPLEMENTATION

3.2.2

MIDDLEWARE DEVELOPMENT

3.2.3

GRAPHICS AND INTERFACE

3.2.4

CONTENT CREATION

3.3

PROCURING SOFTWARE PACKAGES

4

TESTING

4.1

INTEGRATION TESTING

4.2

DEVELOPING TESTS REPORT

4.3

ACCEPTANCE TESTING

5

MAINTENANCE

5.1

HARDWARE MAINTENANCE

5.2

SOFTWARE MAINTENANCE

8.LEGAL AND ETHICAL ISSUES

8.1 legal issues

Copy right

The images for developing healthy eating companion app should be copyright free to use in designing. Copyright arises automatically and is owned by the author of a work. Source code is classified as a literary work and attracts copyright protection immediately upon creation, although protection also extends to images and animations

Trade marks

Developers look to the future to establish themselves in a highly competitive market and setting themselves apart. Trade marks are not necessarily complex and gained a reputation for dealing with matters quickly and efficiently ensuring costs do not escalate unnecessarily.

Data protection issues

Many apps not only run on mobile devices and also access to other data, such as details of the user’s social media account stored on the device. The users profile data in the application should not be shared with other people. It must also not be kept for any longer than necessary.

Unauthorised access

The data or information is used by another Unauthorized access and disclosure of health information can result in insurance and employment discrimination, as well as embarrassment and other dignitary harms

Legal Uncertainity

The information regarding users profile regarding his diet plans in application deleted ,edited or modified led to a law making it a criminal offence to do certain things.

8.2 Ethical issues

Honesty and Integrity

This means we need to work honestly which applies to methods ,data and results. we should always keep to any agreements and act sincerely when working with others.

Objectivity

we should aim to avoid prejudice against one person or group in any aspect of project which include data analysis,design, interpretation, and review. And also you need to disclose any financial or personal interests that may affect project.

Carefulness

Care should be taken in carrying out project to avoid mistakes. The work should be reviewed properly to ensure results are credible. It is also very important to keep full records of project regarding users profile.

Confidentiality

Respect should be given to anything that has been provided in confidence. You should also follow guidelines on protection of sensitive information such as users profiles in the application.

Legality

Aware of laws and regulations that govern your work, and be sure that you conform to them.

8.3 Social Issues

Privacy

Personal health records and applications record sensitive personal information of the users across a variety of devices, including mobile devices. Ensuring both robust security and ease of use is a challenge for the designers of personal health applications.

9. PRODUCT/SERVICE DESCRIPTION

This project is to create food intake app which can recommend exercise plans from the users honest input. The application is developed with C# with .Mono to create a cross platform app for windows, Windows Mobile, android, iOS, mac OSX and linux.

10. RISK ASSESSMENT AND MITIGATION

L – Likelihood, S – Severity, D – Detectablescore: 1 – 10

Risk

Details

L

S

D

Total Score

Mitigation

Data Loss

Code, Database or other work done could be lost during development stages or afterwards

4

8

3

96

Keep multiple backups of data storing them in different location. Version controlling the data reduces the chances of data being corrupted and overwriting the file in the back ups.

Lack of communication with stakeholders

A lack of communication with stakeholders could lead to the project being built which is not what the stakeholders wanted.

3

6

4

72

Making regular meetings with stakeholders and show deliverables and documentation would help get feedback and make sure everyone has the same idea of the project.

Illness

Staff could become ill which could delay the project or require new staff brought to the project and trained increasing the costs.

4

7

5

140

Staff becoming ill should not work so they don’t spread the illness. If long term then a temporary replacement will need to be found

Hardware Failure

Computer hardware could be broken or break causing repair costs and time. Could cause data failures

3

8

2

48

Hardware like computers and servers might break. Replacement hardware should be kept and funding to buy replacement hardware should be kept.

Legal Issues

Parts of the project may come into legal issues over copyright materials and data protection

3

8

5

120

Make sure all material used we have rights to uses or own the copyright. Make sure we follow laws to best of our ability.

Data being stolen

Data stored in the database may be personal to people and could cause harm if stolen

4

8

8

256

Make sure we use best practises. Keep software up to date and encrypt all identifiable and private data.

Hosting Services going down

The database and the server side software is going to be stored on a hosting server if it goes down then the app wouldn’t work.

3

7

2

42

Use a hosting services with a low down time and keep a copy of all data so it be easy to move to a different hosting services

Staff leaving

Staff leaving would cause staff shortages and they may take the knowledge base they have with them.

4

6

1

24

A replacement would need to found and training provided. All staff should document everything they do so new staff and old staff know how software works.

KEY ELEMENT OF RISK MANAGEMENT

11. References

1. Niva M. ‘All foods which affects health’: understanding of functional foods and healthy eating among health oriented tips. Appetite. 2007;384-93.

2. Shepherd J, Harden A, Rees R, Brunton G, Garcia J, Oliver S. Young people and their healthy eating: a systematic review of research on barriers and facilitators. Health Education Res. 2006;21:239-57.

3. Join WHO/FAO expert consultation. Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2003. p. 149.

4. Polivy J, Herman CP. Mental health and eating behaviours: a bi-directional relation. Can J Public Health. 2005;96(Suppl 3):S43-6. S49-53.

5.Morgan Leslie Segal,Harvard school of Public Health;best food sources.health benefits.1939-2017.

6. Anthony Alayon – Posted in: Diet and Nutrition;Health-Reporter-Daily. 101 Toxic Food Ingredients They Never Told You About. 2005 p.278

7. Aasim Durrani- Legal-issues-for-mobile-app-developers;2013 p.346

8.Resnick,D,B.What is Ethics in Research and Why is it important:List adapted from ShamooA and Resnik D.2015,3rd ed.