CSC Test 2 Lecture

A secret word or string of characters that allows you to log on to a remote computer is called a ________.
Password
If you were emailing a term paper and wanted to maintain its formatting, it would be sent as a(n) ________
attachment
An automatic email mailing list of people who regularly participate in discussion topics is called ________.
listserv
Software that enables users to find and access the various parts of the web is called a ________.
browser
What connects a personal computer to a cable-TV system that offers an Internet connection?
cable modem
A computer with a domain name is called a ________.
Website
Which of these can be used to locate information on the web by asking questions or using keywords?
Search engines
The wired or wireless means of connecting a computer to the Internet is called a ________.
Physical connection
The wired or wireless means of connecting to the Internet is called a physical connection.
True
Twitter is a social-networking website.
False
A cable modem is an example of a physical connection to the Internet.
True
With instant messaging, any user on a given email system can send a message and have it pop up instantly on the screen of anyone else logged onto that system.
True
Pull technology automatically downloads information to your computer.
False
Guides to appropriate online behavior are called netiquette.
True
The primary advantage of DSL is that it is always on and its transmission rate is consistent.
True
A portal is software that enables users to view web pages and to jump from one page to another.
False
Flaming refers to unsolicited email in the form of advertising or chain letters.
False
FTP is used to transmit only small files.
False
The domain abbreviation for an educational or research institution website is ________.
.edu
A device that sends and receives data over telephone lines to and from computers is called a(n) ________.
modem
A space station that transmits radio waves called microwaves from earth-based stations is called a ________.
communications satellite
Connections to other documents or web pages that contain related information are called ________ links.
Hypertext
If you were emailing a term paper and wanted to maintain its formatting, it would be sent as a(n) ________.
attachment
To access a newsgroup, a(n) ________ program is needed.
newsreader
The transmission of data from a remote computer to a local computer is referred to as ________.
Download
Which of the following is NOT an example of good netiquette?
When replying, send the entire original message for reference.
The rapid sequencing of still images to create the appearance of motion is called a(n) ________.
animation
Gigabits per second are ________.
1 billion bits per second
Spamming is writing an online message that uses derogatory, obscene, or inappropriate language.
False
Downloading is the transmission of data from a local computer to a remote computer.
False
A cable modem connects a personal computer to a cable-TV system that offers an Internet connection.
True
Bandwidth is an expression of how much data can be sent through a communications channel in a given amount of time.
True
Applets are written in Java, a complex programming language that enables programmers to create animated and interactive web pages.
True
The transmission of credit information to order something online is an example of an upload.
True
You can have a cable modem Internet connection even if there is no cable television available in your area.
False
An IP address consists of four sets of numbers separated by ________.
Decimals
Generally, a very high-speed Internet connection is referred to as ________.
broadband
The .gov, .com, .net, and .edu extensions are examples of ________.
top-level domains
A program that adds a specific feature to a browser, allowing it to play or view certain files, is a ________.
plug-in
Which of these provides lists of several websites classified by topic?
subject directory
Kilobits per second are faster than megabits per second.
False
Bandwidth is an expression of how much data can be sent through a communications channel in a given amount of time
True
“Web 2.0” refers to a more social, collaborative, interactive, and responsive web.
True
Digital subscriber line (DSL) uses satellite technology to transmit data in megabits per second.
False
__________ perform(s) tasks related to the control, allocation, and maintenance of computer resources.
Utility programs
Which of the following tasks is NOT performed by an operating system?
word processing
Which of these operating systems runs only on Apple Macintosh computers?
Mac OS
What kind of software can be downloaded from the Internet for free and then have non-copyrighted modifications made to it?
public-domain
Software that allows the user to create, edit, format, print, and store text material such as term papers and reports is called ___________.
word processing
Inserting is the act of adding to a document.
True
The user can generate a table of contents, an index, and a search feature by using the Help command.
True
Word processing software allows the user to create, edit, format, print, and store text material.
True
The user-controllable display screen that enables users to interact with a computer is called the user interface.
True
A copyright is the exclusive legal right that prohibits copying of intellectual property without the permission of the copyright holder.
True
“Platform” refers to the particular processor model and operating system on which a computer is based.`
True
Computer keyboards have special-purpose keys that are used to enter, delete, and edit data and to execute commands.
True
Files created by database management programs that usually consist of collections of numerical data such as budgets, sales forecasts, and schedules are called workbook files.
False
A release is a major upgrade (revision) in a software product.
False
The movable symbol on the display screen that shows where the user may next enter data or commands is called the cursor.
True
Data from another source that is converted into a format compatible with the program in which the user is currently working is called __________.
importing
Applications that are currently running within Microsoft Windows are displayed at the bottom of the screen in an area called the __________.
Taskbar
Programs that are stored permanently in the computer’s electronic circuitry are known as __________.
ROM
Which of the following is NOT a type of menu?
Push-up
An instruction book or program that takes users through a prescribed series of steps to learn how to use a program is called a ________.
tutorial
The ________ is a movable symbol on the display screen that shows where the user may next enter data or commands.
cursor
Small pictures that are used with GUIs to represent programs, data files, or procedures are called __________.
icons
A single keystroke or command, or a series of keystrokes or commands used to automatically issue a longer, predetermined series of keystrokes or commands is called a __________.
macro
Copyrighted software that is distributed free of charge is called __________.
freeware
Copyrighted software that is distributed free of charge but requires users to make a monetary contribution to continue using it is called shareware.
True
A thesaurus can provide the user with alternative words.
True
A template is a preformatted document that provides basic tools and structure for creating a final document.
True
The Mac OS is icon-oriented.
True
A rollover feature provides a small box explaining an icon’s function when the mouse pointer is rolled over it.
True
Editing means determining the appearance of a document.
False
If a user wants to check for alternative wording to enhance the vocabulary of a paper, she can use the dictionary feature.
False
Word wrap automatically continues text on the next line when the user reaches the right margin.
True
The process of transforming data into a format that can be used in another program and then transmitting it is known as __________.
exporting
If a user runs two programs at the same time on a computer with one central processor, she is _________.
multitasking
A major upgrade in a software product is called a(n) _________.
version
Keys found on the top or the left of the keyboard that are used to execute commands specific to the software being used are called __________.
function keys
The GUI function that provides a small box explaining an icon’s purpose when the mouse pointer is rolled over the icon is called a(n) __________.
Rollover
Copyrighted software that is distributed free of charge but requires users to make a monetary contribution to continue using it is called shareware.
True
Microsoft’s multitasking operating system designed to run on network servers is Microsoft Windows Server.
True
Software that is not protected by copyright and that may be duplicated by anyone is called shareware.
False
When several applications are bundled together into a single large package it is known as groupware.
False
Application programs are also known as service programs.
False
The bar that is displayed across the top of a window that shows menus and icons representing frequently used options and commands is called a taskbar.
False
Programs that perform tasks related to the control and allocation of computer resources are utility programs..
True
A space station that transmits radio waves from earth-based stations is called a ________.
communications satellite
When two modems connect to each other at a single ISP location, the process is called ________.
handshaking
To avoid making their customers pay long-distance phone charges to connect, ISPs provide each customer with a ________.
point of presence (POP)
Incoming mail is usually stored on an ISP’s server, called a ________.
mail server
The type of data transmission that allows only one signal at a time is called ________ transmission.
baseband
The Internet’s high-speed, high-capacity communication lines are its ________.
backbone
A .gov domain abbreviation indicates that the website is a _________ site.
government
The __________ part in TCP/IP is used to send data packets across the Internet to their final destination.
IP (Internet Protocol)
The speed of a modem that is 56,000 bps can be expressed as ________ Kbps.
56
3G and 4G wireless technology does not need Wi-Fi access points because it uses the existing ________ system.
Cellphone
The method of going online that requires the user to be no more than about 3 miles from a phone company central switching office is ________.
DSL
A set of communications rules for exchanging information is called a(n) ________.
URL
Which of the following is NOT an example of an upload?
Saving your favorite music videos from a music website to your hard drive.
The line most commonly used by corporate, government, and academic sites is ________.
T1 line
The radio waves transmitted from a communications satellite are called ________.
microwaves
The domain abbreviation for a military organization website is ________.
mil
.mil
The protocol that enables all computers to use data transmitted on the Internet is called ________.
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol)
Each time a user connects to an ISP, the ISP assigns the computer a new IP address for that session; the new address is called a(n) ________ address.
dynamic IP
In TCP/IP, the __________ part is used to reassemble the packets in the correct order.
TCP (Transfer Control Protocol)
Communications satellites transmit data to you at a rate of 1-5 ________.
Mbps
When several signals can be transmitted at once, it is called ________ transmission.
broadband
The Internet’s high-speed, high-capacity communication lines are its ________
backbone
Sets of instructions that are used in HTML to specify document structure and formatting are called ________.
tags
A string of characters that points to a specific piece of information anywhere on the web is called a(n) ________.
URL
Websites that group together in one convenient location popular features such as online shopping malls, email support, community forums, current news and weather are called ________.
Web Portals
A website’s unique address is a(n) ________.
Uniform Resource Locator
URL
A server location on the Internet is called a ________.
Domain
A modem that uses telephone lines to transmit data at 56 Kbps is a(n) ________ connection.
dial-up
Data is transmitted in characters or collections of ________.
Bits
The set of special instructions that are used to specify document structure, formatting, and links to other multimedia documents are called ________.
HTML
A __________ feature displays a small text box explaining an icon’s purpose when the mouse pointer is moved over the icon.
Rollover
A basic component of system software used to support, enhance, or expand existing programs is called a(n) __________.
utility program
The area across the top of a window, below the title bar and the menu bar, that displays menus and icons representing frequently used options or commands are displayed is called the __________.
toolbar
In system software, the programs that perform tasks related to the control and allocation of computer resources are called __________ programs.
utility
A user can generate a table of contents, an index, and a search feature by using the ___________ command.
Help
A basic component of system software that controls peripheral devices is called a(n) __________.
device driver
Copyrighted software that is available for free is called __________.
Freeware
A __________ is a named collection of data or a program existing in a computer’s secondary storage unit.
File
Which of these operating systems is commonly used on mainframes, workstations, and servers?
Unix
A minor upgrade in a software product is called a(n) ________.
release
The basic component of system software used to support, enhance, or expand existing programs is called a(n) __________.
application server
The ___________ multitasking operating system has built-in networking capability and versions that run on all kinds of computers.
Unix
Database files are created by ___________ programs and consist of organized data that can be analyzed and displayed in various useful ways.
Database management
The route through the file system hierarchy is called a __________.
Path
All types of programs must be _______ on your computer-from a download or a CD/DVD-before you can use them.
Installed
___________ software allows a user to create, edit, format, print, and store text material.
word processing
The Microsoft Windows operating systems most commonly used today are _________ and ________.
Windows XP, Windows 7, Windows 8 [any two]
Volunteer programmers continually improve a free version of Unix, called __________.
Linux
The user-controllable display screen that allows a user to communicate with a computer is called the ____________.
user interface
Software that allows the application software to interact with the computer is called __________.
device driver
A ____________ is a single keystroke or command used to automatically issue a longer, predetermined series of keystrokes or commands.
macro
The ____________ keys are usually positioned along the top of the keyboard and are used to execute commands specific to the software being used.
Function
In Microsoft Windows, a system’s main interface screen is called the __________.
Desktop
The ___________ interface enables a user to use the keyboard or the mouse to select icons and commands from menus.
Graphical users
A user guide or reference manual that provides a narrative and graphical description of a program is called __________.
documentation
A(n) ____________ software program resides in the public domain and can be modified by programmers; however, the programmers cannot copyright their work.
Open source
An electronic system that uses a CPU chip but that is not a general-purpose workstation, desktop, or laptop computer is what kind of system?
embedded
A guide or reference manual that provides users with a narrative and graphical description of a program is called a(n) _________.
documentation (user manual)