CSCI Chapter 1

Social Networking
enables the gathering of groups of people to connect and exchange ideas
crisis-mapping tool that collects information from e-mails, text messages, blog posts, and Twitter tweets and then maps them, instantly making the information publicly available
digital divide
great gap in the levels of Internet access and the availability of technical tools in different regions of the world
cognitive surplus
combination of leisure time and the tools to be creative
the freedom tow work without constant direction and control
the feeling of confidence and excitement from seeing your own skills progress
the understanding that you are working for something larger than yourself
asking for small donations from a large number of people
checking in with the voice of the crowd
collaborative consumption
implies that we are joining together as a group to use a specific product more efficiently
Next Einstein Initiative (NEI)
a plan to focus resources on the talented mathematical minds of Africa. Addresses the crisis of a growing digital divide.
QR (quick response) codes
lets any piece of print host a link to online information and video content
computer literate
being familiar enough with computers that you understand their capabilities and limitations and that you know how to use them safely and efficiently
This Means…
1. You can avoid falling prey to hackers and viruses because of how they operate
2. You know how to protect yourself from identity theft
3. You can separate the real privacy and security risks from thing you don’t have to worry about
4. You know how to find information and use the web effectively
5. You can avoid being overwhelmed by spam, adware, and spyware
6. You know how to diagnose and fix problems with your hardware and software
the instructions that tell the computer what to do
Information Technology (IT)
a field of study focused on the management and processing of information and the automatic retrieval of information
data mining
the process of searching huge amounts of data with the hope of finding a pattern
computer forensics
analyzes computer systems with specific techniques to gather potential legal evidence
augmented reality
combines our normal sense of the world around us with an additional layer of digital information
MACH (My Automated Conversation Coach)
computer system that generates an on-screen person
personal identification chip that is about the size of a grain of rice and is implanted under the skin
augments reality by eliminating the need for a separate hand-held device by projecting an image directly on the retina of your eye
affective computing
developing systems that can recognize and simulate human emotions
Khan Academy
free technology tool used for education
Web 2.0
led to a shift from just consuming content toward producing content
goods-exchange program
a popular Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) service