Cumulative Exam Review

What is the difference between the establishment clause and the free-exercise clause?
a

The establishment clause stops the government from favoring a religion while the free exercise clause allows people to express their religion

An inference that can be drawn from the Supremacy Clause is that
b

federal laws are superior to state laws

A trial court in the federal system is
d

the US Court of Claims.

What is the last step in the process of getting a bill passed into law?
d

sending it to the president

Read the excerpt from the US Constitution.

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion.

According to the excerpt, what is the role of Congress regarding religion?

a

Congress cannot promote a religion

Read the example of a party platform:

We support electronic voting. We also believe in online registration: more citizens need to be able to participate in the election process.

What best explains the party’s primary goal?

a

get more citizens involved in elections

Which of these powers are under the control of the state?
a

administering elections

Which of these is a negative impact of lobbying?
d

It offers advantages to those with money.

Which shows how Supreme Court rulings have modified the Fifth Amendment?
b

Officers must inform people of their rights before questioning them in custody.

Which right does the First Amendment protect?
d

right to assemble

A duty of the president is to head
a

the executive branch.

What was the Federalists’ position on creating a bill of rights?
d

They thought it was unnecessary because the Constitution would already limit government powers.

How many steps must be taken for a House bill to become law?
b

six

Writing a state constitution is an example of
b

a reserved power.

Which of these is a substantive right protected by the Bill of Rights?
a

freedom of religion

Which explains why the Constitution enumerates the president’s formal powers?
a

It makes clear the president’s role as head of the executive branch.

To become a citizen of the United States, a person must
b

have been born or naturalized in the United States.

How did Regents v. Bakke change affirmative action policies?
a

It struck down the use of strict racial quotas.

Which of these is most likely to be considered protected speech?
a

shouting “FIRE!” in a burning building

Which is the best example of the process through which public policy is made?
d

Politicians identify an increase in accidents and give police departments money to enforce new speed limits on highways.

A similarity between the federal and state court systems is that both have
b

trial, appellate, and high courts.

Though the outcomes of Tinker and Schenck differed, which best describes what these court decisions have in common?
d

They agreed that speech rights could be limited to protect safety.

Look at the bar graph, which shows the race for the Republican presidential nomination in 2012.

Which of these statements best describes the information presented by the graph?

d

Romney won the most delegates in the race for the 2012 nomination

Why would the Ninth Amendment not protect an individual writing an Internet blog?
a

The information is freely given to others.

What is the Senate’s only defense to a filibuster?
b

invoking cloture