DC2 – The Internet and World Wide Web

access provider
Business that provides individuals and organizations access to the Internet free or for a fee.
add-on
Program that extends the capability of a browser; often used to enhance multimedia. See also plug-in.
address book
List of names and e-mail addresses, created and stored by a user. Also called contacts folder.
animation
Appearance of motion created by displaying a series of still images in sequence.
audio
Music, speech, or any other sound.
blog
Informal Web site consisting of time-stamped articles, or posts, in a diary or journal format, usually listed in reverse chronological order. Short for Web log.
blogosphere
Worldwide collection of blogs.
bookmark
Saved Web address that you access by clicking its name in a list. See also favorite.
broadband
High-speed Internet connection provided through cable, DSL, fiber, radio signals, or satellite.
browser
Application software that allows users to access and view Web pages. See also Web browser.
cable Internet service
High-speed Internet access provided through the cable television network via a cable modem.
cellular radio network
High-speed Internet connection for devices with built-in compatible technology or computers with wireless modems.
chat
Real-time typed conversation that takes place on a computer.
chat room
Location on an Internet server that permits users to chat with each other.
click
To move the mouse pointer to a button or link on the computer screen, and then to press and release the left mouse button.
content aggregator
Business that gathers and organizes Web content and then distributes, or feeds, the content to subscribers for free or a fee.
dial-up access
Internet access that takes place when the modem in your computer connects to the Internet via a standard telephone line that transmits data and information using an analog (continuous wave pattern) signal.
domain name
Text version of an IP address.
downloading
Process of a computer receiving information, such as a Web page, from a server on the Internet.
DSL
Acronym for digital subscriber line; type of digital technology that provides high-speed Internet connections using regular copper telephone lines.
e-commerce
Short for electronic commerce, a business transaction that occurs over an electronic network such as the Internet.
e-mail address
Combination of a user name and a domain name that identifies a user so that he or she can receive Internet e-mail.
e-mail program
Software used to create, send, receive, forward, store, print, and delete e-mail messages.
electronic storefront
Online business a customer visits that contains product descriptions, graphics, and a shopping cart.
emoticons
Symbols used on the Internet to express emotion.
favorite
Saved Web address that you access by clicking its name in a list. See also bookmark.
Fiber to the Premises (FTTP)
Technology that uses fiber-optic cables to provide high-speed Internet access to home and business users.
fixed wireless
High-speed Internet connection that uses an antenna on a house or business to communicate with a tower location via radio signals.
FTP
Short for File Transfer Protocol, an Internet standard that permits file uploading and downloading with other computers on the Internet.
graphic
Digital representation of nontext information such as a drawing, chart, or photo. See also graphical image.
home page
First page that a Web site displays.
hot spots
Wireless network that provides Wi-Fi Internet connections to mobile computers and devices.
hyperlink
Built-in connection to another related Web page or part of a Web page. See also link.
instant messaging (IM)
Real-time Internet communications service that notifies a user when one or more people are online and then allows the user to exchange messages or files or join a private chat room with those people.
Internet
Worldwide collection of networks that connects millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals. See also Net.
Internet backbone
Major carriers of network traffic on the Internet.
IP address
A number that uniquely identifies each computer or device connected to the Internet.
ISP (Internet service provider)
Regional or national Internet access provider.
link
Built-in connection to another related Web page or part of a Web page. Short for hyperlink.
mailing list
Group of e-mail names and addresses given a single name. Also called an e-mail list or a distribution list.
media sharing Web site
Specific type of online social network that enables members to share media such as photos, music, and videos.
message board
Popular Web-based type of discussion group that does not require a newsreader.
microblog
Blog that allows users to publish short messages, usually between 100 and 200 characters, for others to read.
MP3
Format that reduces an audio file to about one-tenth of its original size, while preserving much of the original quality of the sound.
MP4
Popular video compression standard.
multimedia
Any application that combines text with graphics, animation, audio, video, and/or virtual reality.
Net
Worldwide collection of networks that links millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals. See also Internet.
netiquette
Short for Internet etiquette, the code of acceptable behaviors users should follow while on the Internet.
newsgroup
Online area in which users have written discussions about a particular subject.
online auction
E-commerce method that allows consumers to bid on an item being sold by someone else.
online service provider (OSP)
Company that provides Internet access as well as many members-only features.
online social network
Web site that encourages members in its online community to share their interests, ideas, stories, photos, music, and videos with other registered users. See also social networking Web site.
player
Software used by a person to listen to an audio file on a computer.
plug-in
Program that extends the capability of a browser; often used to enhance multimedia. See also add-on.
podcast
Recorded audio, usually an MP3 file, stored on a Web site that can be downloaded to a computer or a portable media player such as an iPod.
portal
Web site that offers a variety of Internet services from a single, convenient location.
real time
Describes users and the people with whom they are conversing being online at the same time.
RSS 2.0
Really Simple Syndication. Specification that content aggregators use to distribute content to subscribers.
satellite Internet service
Provides high-speed Internet connections via satellite to a satellite dish that communicates with a satellite modem.
search engine
Program that finds Web sites, Web pages, images, videos, news, maps, and other information related to a specific topic.
search text
Word or phrase entered in a search engine’s text box that describes the item you want to find. See also search query.
shopping cart
Element of an electronic storefront that allows a customer to collect purchases.
social networking Web site
Web site that encourages members in its online community to share their interests, ideas, stories, photos, music, and videos with other registered users. See also online social network.
streaming
Process of transferring data in a continuous and even flow.
subject directory
Search tool that classifies Web pages in an organized set of categories and subcategories.
subscribe
Process of a user adding his or her e-mail name and address to a mailing list.
surfing the Web
Activity of using links to explore the Web.
tabbed browsing
Option where the top of the browser displays a tab (similar to a file folder tab) for each Web page you open.
thumbnail
Small version of a larger graphic.
top-level domain (TLD)
Identifies the type of organization associated with the domain.
unsubscribe
Process of a user removing his or her e-mail name and address from a mailing list.
uploading
Process of transferring documents, graphics, and other objects from a computer to a server on the Internet.
URL
Unique address for a Web page. See also Uniform Resource Locator or Web address.
user name
Unique combination of characters, such as letters of the alphabet and/or numbers, that identifies a specific user.
video
Images displayed in motion.
video blog
Blog that contains video clips.
virtual reality (VR)
Computers used to simulate a real or imagined environment that appears as a three-dimensional (3-D) space.
vlog
Video blog.
vlogosphere
Term used to refer to all vlogs worldwide.
VoIP
Technology that allows users to speak to other users over the Internet using their desktop computer, mobile computer, or mobile device. See also Internet telephony or Voice over IP.
Web
Worldwide collection of electronic documents called Web pages, the Web is one of the more popular services on the Internet. See also World Wide Web or WWW.
Web 2.0
Term used to refer to Web sites that provide a means for users to share personal information, allow users to modify Web site content, and have application software built into the site for visitors to use.
Web address
Unique address for a Web page. See also URL and Uniform Resource Locator.
Web app
Web site that allows users to access and interact with software through a Web browser on any computer or device that is connected to the Internet. See also Web application.
Web application
Web site that allows users to access and interact with software through a Web browser on any computer or device that is connected to the Internet. See also Web app.
Web browser
Application software that allows users to access and view Web pages. See also browser.
Web page
Electronic document on the Web, which can contain text, graphics, animation, audio, and video and often has built-in connections to other documents.
Web publishing
Development and maintenance of Web pages.
Web server
Computer that delivers requested Web pages to a computer.
Web site
Collection of related Web pages and associated items stored on a Web server.
Wi-Fi
Short for wireless fidelity. Type of broadband Internet connection that uses radio signals to provide high-speed Internet connections to compatible or properly equipped wireless computers and devices.
wiki
Collaborative Web site that allows users to create, add to, modify, or delete the Web site content via their Web browser.
wireless Internet service provider
Company that provides wireless Internet access to desktop and notebook computers and mobile devices, such as smart phones and portable media players, with built-in wireless capability (such as Wi-Fi) or to computers using wireless modems or wireless access devices.
World Wide Web
Worldwide collection of electronic documents. See also Web or WWW.