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Design of Biofuel Test Rig - Essay Example

Design and development of a Test rig to determine the Thermal and oxidation stability of Bodiless Alma Design and fabrication of a test rig to determine thermal stability and oxidation stability of bodiless. Objective Design of the reactor Fabrication of the reactor Fabrication of the control system Testing of the system Automation of the system performance study of the OLL for thermal stability Performance study of the oil for oxidation stability Introduction The term befoul is used to define fuels that are obtainable from plants or animals.

Being a renewable source, it is gaining attention all over the world today. Befoul is defined as fuel comprising of mono-alkyl esters of long fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats. We have made fossil fuels and petroleum products an Indispensable part of our lives. We use It for transportation, domestic heating, cooking among others. The National Befoul Policy of India was released in 2011. The goal of the Policy is to ensure that a minimum level of befouls become readily available in the market to meet the demand at any given time.

An indicative target of 20% blending of befouls, both for bio-diesel and bio-ethanol, by 2017 is proposed. There are many standards that has to be met and two of the Important specifications are Thermal and Oxidation stability, If befoul has to be produced In large scale storage Is an Important stage to be considered. But In storage of bodiless due to oxidation fatty acid becomes rancid and sediments are formed. Hence it is necessary to determine Thermal and Oxidation stability.

The sediments formed tend to cause robbers in the fuel injection systems, nozzles, burners etc. And causes fouling in injection system. One recent comparison of the methyl esters of Hone oil to the ASTM 75TH standard for bodiless fuels shows that processed Hone oil is Just within the standards. Against the European EN 14214 standards, Hone oil does not meet the storage stability standard: Oxidation stability needs to be a minimum of 6 hours at ICC hence the oxidation stability has to be ascertained and it is the objective of our project.