Athenian philosopher known mainly through the accounts and writings of his students, namely Plato and Aristotle. The wisdom of Socrates is depicted numerous times in the dialogues written by Plato. All the Socratic dialogues – Typhoon, Apology, and Critic – illustrated Socrates’ form of Inquiry and discussion between Individuals with opposing viewpoints based on asking and answering questions to encourage critical thinking and to clarify ideas.
It s an examination method, involving two oppositional topics in which the defense of one point of view is pitted against the defense of another. It may lead to one participant contradicting himself In some way, thus strengthening the Inquirer’s point of view. In the dialogue between Socrates and Typhoon, Socrates demonstrated his being self-reflective and unyielding inquisition until he finds satisfaction on his opponents’ answers. He asked a series of questions about the meaning of being pious and impious, of love and be loved, and the state of becoming, ND Implication of action and passion.
He praised Mellitus, his accuser, for showing a good deal of character, for being a very wise and caring person, and starting his career the way every responsible citizen should – by taking care of the young and protecting them from their destroyers. If he will succeed, Mellitus will be doing the same to the elderly and will make him a great benefactor of his country. For him to become such an extraordinary man, he surely made great advances to seek knowledge and wisdom. For a man is wise when he begins to impart his wisdom to others,” until then people become angry and Jealous.
Socrates believed that the first step to knowledge Is recognition of one’s Ignorance – knowing you know nothing. In Plat’s Apology, Socrates and his friend, choreographer, went to Delphi and asked the Epiphytic Prophetess whether “anyone is wiser than Socrates,” of which the Oracle replied “there was no man wiser. ” Socrates believed that he lacks knowledge and wisdom, and that there are other people In Athens who are wiser and knowledgeable than him. To prove the Oracle wrong, he went out to examine the people he thought are wiser and knowledgeable than him – the politicians, poets, and the artisans.
Socrates investigations revealed that those who claimed to have knowledge really knew nothing or knew less than what they claimed; that some inferior men were really wiser and better. For example the herdsman who accused the father of Outpour. Socrates believed that the first step to knowledge is recognition of one’s ignorance – knowing you know nothing. In Critic, Socrates pointed out that opinions f many cannot make a man wise or foolish, as whatever they do is the result of chance. Reasons must guide opinions.