The use of genealogy and a clean water supply can help developing countries become more productive, but also take away part of the culture and traditional farming practices away from communities. The new practices of aquaculture are innovative and make a very positive impact on the environment and developing communities. One form of aquaculture is hydroponics. Hydroponics is a method of growing plants using mineral nutrient solutions In water without the use of soil (“Hydroponics”). Using this method has many benefits with very few disadvantages.
With hydroponics, there Is no solo needed, which means there is no limit of growth due to soil types. Because water is recycled, much less is required for growing plants, which is a much more efficient process in dry areas such as Haiti. There is no loss of nutrient and clean water due to water runoff. All of the roots are soaked in nutrient filled water, making rain a natural wash on the leaves. Due to the contamination of water, Haitian have to be very vigilant In avoiding sickness.
Hydroponics systems offer a very clean and efficient growing system. The system Is not sustainable for bacteria and disease because It Is cool and the water is filtrated regularly. Also, because there is no soil, there are no USGS and no weeds. The use of pesticides and herbicides are completely unnecessary. Gardeners have total control over the amount of nutrients that is in the plants, meaning the plants can have the best amount of nutrition they can possibly have. In a developing country, food is very Important to the growth of the community.
Even though the actual size of a hydroponics system Is comparatively much smaller than a large crop field, It holds many more plants because the plants do not have to be so far apart like in soil. Plants can be grown all year long because everything can be controlled and regulated. The plants also grow larger, yielding more produce as a whole than the average crop in Haiti (“Pros Hydroponics”). The cost of transporting fresh produce will reduce because a hydroponics system is portable.
Being able to transport the entire system closer to a market saves gas, time, and money, and having a smaller area and system means having as many people working on It. Labor costs go down because less labor is needed in a small facility, rather than a large crop. While the positive benefits of hydroponics are numerous, there are some drawbacks to this method of food production such as some plants cannot be grown. This limits what kind of food production a market can offer. The hydro-crop must be can be kinks and problems. If a system stops functioning properly, the plants can and will quickly dry up and wilt.
There are not abundant amounts of clean water already in Haiti, which is required for working in a hydroponics system (“Hydroponics”). The amount of money spent on a system is cheaper in the long run compared to land crops, but is very expensive to start up. Unfortunately for an underdeveloped community, the hydroponics system requires few people to run them, creating fewer jobs that require more training. The people of Haiti would need to attend a class or a seminar to gain the ability to work with the system. It is too expensive to have a lot of people around it that do not know how it works. Another practice in aquaculture is occupation.
Occupation is a fancy word for fish farming. The water in Haiti is very dirty and can cause disease in the fish. The fish are grown in large “fish tanks” that are very similar to a river community, with a safer environment for the fish. In communities filled with poverty, any food with protein is hard to come by and afford. Protein is essential to the personal growth and health of everyone, especially Haitian. The benefits of having an occupation system are ecologically astounding. The entire system is basically recycled. The water is frequently filtered and reused in order to keep a healthy atmosphere for the fish.
There is a reduction in pathogens due to being able to control the nutritional value of the water. Since 1984, aquaculture systems have been implemented in twelve Latin-American and African countries, creating a bond between developed and undeveloped countries. Just like different countries are working together on keeping clean water production systems, hydroponics and occupation go hand in hand “Hydroponics”). When the two systems are setup together, they are equally efficient and benefit each other. Fish emulsion creates a completely organic fertilizer for the plants.
The space needed for both systems is relatively compact, resulting in less food miles. A food mile is a term meaning the amount of miles the food has to travel before being marketed. An overall reduction of the environmental footprint is caused by a more efficient form of food production (“Occupation”). Although the use of occupation leaves a positive impact on the environment and the people who eat the fish, there is only one default that could harm fish production. The fish are usually in tight quarters, leaving little space between each other. If a single fish is infected with any type of disease, such as E. Olio, all of the fish in the tank are susceptible to the same sickness. If a whole reservoir of fish is contaminated, they cannot be used in food production. This happens very rarely though (“Occupation”). Haitian culture and tradition is very prominent in the lives of everyone living there. There is art along the streets and graffiti along every wall you come across. Haitian vendors with recycled metal art line the streets. The people eat traditional meals made up of Creole, rice, and beans. Typically a meal is made of the products grown through traditional farming practices in fields and soil crops.
Traditional farming methods are used to feed the people of Haiti, staying true to the culture and hardworking ethics Haitian live by. The crops of Haiti are dry and barren with little top soil and nutrient for the plants they produce. Though it is difficult to grow a lot of plants in bad soil, the farmers of Haiti have perfected growing enough goods for their community. The benefits of traditional farming include the traditional revenue made from a large field. An old-fashioned farming technique that is still seed in most farms is tilling and picking everything in the field.
Tilling the ground is good for the crops because it stirs the nutrients and gives the plants good natural nutrients. The vitamins and minerals found in the ground are better for you than chemically made vitamins and minerals. The methods of traditional farmers in third- world countries barely survive on the amount of money they make. They have to produce enough revenue to pay for the feed for their animals, the seed for his crops, the labor for everyone that works for him to harvest, and have at least some leftover for the family they raise. Producing that many goods is very hard to do in poor countries.
The security of a large field is limited unless there is a large amount of fencing around it. These crops cannot grow all year long due to weather changes throughout the year. Overall, the cost of manual labor is greater than the profit needed to run a family. Going fishing is a fun hobby to partake in on a warm sunny day, but when you have to feed a family off of what is caught for the day, there could be an issue. The water in Haiti is contaminated due to the earthquake in 2010 by human and animal waste as well as dirt and runoff particles.