Discovering Computers, Chapter 4

EULA
End-user license agreement
piracy
The illegal copying and distribution of copyrighted software
Trojan horses
Used as keyloggers to steal passwords and online accounts. Usually disguised as programs like utilities
device drivers
Usually run in the background of a system whenever needed
utility programs
Widgets or gadgets that appear on the desktop and display little pieces of information such as a calendar
platform
Operating system system that manages computer hardware and software
malware
Created by hackers to intentionally damage computers by deleting files, erasing hard drives, stealing information, or slowing computer performance
font type
This defines what text characters look like
text effect
Shadowing and reflection are examples of this
font size
What you need to change to make words appear bigger on the page
alignment
The document formatting feature you use to make paragraphs line up with the left side of the page
line spacing
You adjust this to control the amount of white space in between rows of text
scanners
Types include flatbed, sheet-fed, pen, and handheld
computer-aided design software
Used by architects, scientists, interior designers, and engineers to create highly detailed and technically accurate drawings
Shuttershock
A Web site where you can download graphics and photos for a fee
resolution
The clarity or sharpness of an image
lossless compression
When TIFF, PNG, and GIF files can be compressed so the files contain all of their original data when uncompressed
record
All of the fields for a single database entry
query
A data retrieval tool that finds specified data within a database
form
A data entry tool you use to input data into a database
view
The display format that you choose when working with a database object on the screen
table
A collection of records
portable software
Applications that are stored on and run from removable storage devices like CDs, DVDs, or flash drives
local software
Applications that are installed on your computer’s hard drive
mobile software
Applications that run on smartphones and tablet computers
Web-based software
Applications that you access over the Internet
disk cleanup utility
Removes unused files like temporary Internet files from your hard drive
adware
Displays unsolicited advertisements in banners or pop-up windows
disk defragmenter
Reorganizes the data on a magnetic hard drive so that you can access files more quickly
Recycle Bin
Not emptying this lets files remain on your computer and take up space
virus protection
Software that scans incoming messages and programs to protect your computer