Broadly defined, engineering is the science-based profession by which the physical forces of nature and the properties of matter are made useful to humanity in the form of structures, machines, and other products or processes at a reasonable expenditure of time and money. Civil Engineering is a broad engineering discipline that incorporates many different aspects of engineering. As a CE, you generally would work in one of the following areas: 1. In Private Practice: Plans, designs, constructs and operates physical works and facilities used by the public. 2. In Academia: Teaches students the fundamentals of civil engineering.
Also involved in research in order to advance the state-of-the-art. 3. In Public Practice: Involved in city and/or regional planning, layout and construction of highways and pipelines. 4. In Combination with other Disciplines: A civil engineering degree combined with an other degree such as: Engineering Geologist, Engineering Economist, or Engineer/Attorney Civil Engineering itself is composed of various different areas of engine nearing. The general types of civil engineers include: Structural Engineer, Water Resources Engineer, Categorical Engineer, Transportation Engineer, and Construction Management Engineer
Below is a short description of each of the above types of Civil Engineers. A. Structural Engineer – Planning and design of buildings of all types, bridges and specialized structures (power plants, nuclear reactors, television towers and radar facilities. ) Wherever concrete, steel, aluminum or wood are requiring to carry loads, Structural Engineers do the planning and design. Usually work closely with the Architect. * Scott-White & Hooking Trivia * Council of American Building Officials B. Water Resources Engineer – Works with water, its control and the development of water supplies. One can work in several areas: 1 .
Hydraulic Engineer/Hydrologist – Analyzes rain fall data, characteristics of flow in open channels and pipes, designs, reservoirs, studies pollution migration and coastal and shore line protection. 2. Sanitary Engineer – Plans and designs municipal water facilities such as water treatment plants and sewage treatment plants. Also, may operate and maintain these facilities. 3. Water Related Structural Engineer – Design such project as: hydroelectric plants, canals, docks and piers. * Water Works * Hydrology-Related Internet Resources * NSF International C. Categorical Engineer – Works in the field of soil and rock mechanics.
Analyzes subsurface conditions, determines, and designs the type Of foundation to be used for the particular structure. Also designs dams, tunnels, and mining facilities. ;k The World Wide Web Virtual Library of Categorical Engineering * SEE Earthquake and Natural Hazards Site D. Transportation Engineer – Designs highway systems (layout, routing), pavement material, airport runways, and rapid transit projects. Also involved in computer control of traffic signals. * Institute of Transportation Engineers * The American Public Works Association E. City Planning Engineer – Urban planner, zoning requirements, member of divisor board. Citrine – Find any city in the world * Better Cities: Program Guidelines F. Construction Management – Major responsibility for insuring that a project is being built properly and according to schedule. In charge Of actual construction. * Parsons Engineers and Constructors * FCC Inefficient – Construction Management Schools G. Research Engineer – Works for a University or large firm (R&D. ) Might study stronger concrete, better wearing asphalt, new construction materials and methods. Civil engineers design and supervise the construction of roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and water supply and sewage systems.
Civil engineering, considered one of the oldest engineering disciplines, encompasses many specialties. The major specialties within civil engineering are structural, water resources, environmental, construction, transportation, and categorical engineering. Many civil engineers hold supervisory or administrative positions, from supervisor Of a construction site to city engineer. Others may work in design, construction, research, and teaching Civil engineering is the oldest branch of the profession of engineering after military engineering.
Many of the important things in our lives that we take for granted are the product of civil engineering: The construction of the dams and power stations that provide the electricity we use every day requires civil engineers The water and sewage treatment plants that provide us with safe water supplies require the expertise Of civil engineers The paths and roads we travel are civil engineering projects In fact most structures, large and small, require the help of a civil engineer whether in the designing, planning or managing of the project.
Within the field of civil engineering, students can specialize in one of several rotational areas: Coastal, Environmental, Categorical, Materials, Structural, Transportation and Water Resources Civil engineers also help to preserve our environment by assisting in the cleaning up of existing pollution and planning ways to reduce future pollution Of our air, land and water In the past few years however, the scope of civil engineering has grown to include several new areas of study: Bioengineering, Project Management, Life-cycle Design, Real-time Monitoring, Rehabilitation, Smart Systems, Space Structures…
History of Engineering Around 2550 BC, Impotent, the first documented engineer, built a famous tapped pyramid of King Zeros located at Sahara. Military Engineering The first engineers were military engineers, combining military and civil skills. During periods of conflict the engineers made and used instruments of war such as catapults, battering rams, towers, and ramps to aid in attacking their enemies’ forts & encampments and also to defend their own.
During the periods of peace, they were involved in many military and civil activities such as building fortifications for defense against further attacks, roads, bridges, aqueducts, canals and cathedrals. The construction and hydraulics quenches used by the medieval engineers in China, Japan, India and other regions of the Far East were far more sophisticated than those of the medieval European engineers. Civil Engineering. Civil engineering is the oldest of the main disciplines of engineering. The first engineering school, the National School of Bridges and Highways in France, was opened in 1747.
John Semitone was the first person to actually call himself a “Civil Engineer”. These civil engineers built all types of structures, designed water-supply and sewer systems, designed railroads and highways, and planned cities. In 1828 the world’s first engineering society came into being the Institution of Civil Engineers in England. Disciplines of Civil Engineering – Coastal, Categorical, Structural, Water Resources, Materials, Project Management, Real Time Monitoring, Bioengineering, Rehabilitation, Transportation, Environmental, Materials.
Categorical engineering is a discipline of civil engineering that deals with soil, rock and underground water, and their relation to design, construction and operation of engineering projects. It is also sometimes called soils engineering, ground engineering or Getronics as it is closely related to engineering geology. Nearly all civil engineering structures are supported on or built into the ground, and thus require at least categorical engineering Coastal engineers are concerned with engineering problems in the coastal environment.
They design and maintain harbors, marinas, and coastal structures such as breakwaters, seawalls, and jetties. They are also concerned with the control of erosion, the study of waves and currents and their effect on coastal structures and with pollution of the coastal waters. Ocean engineers are involved in the design of offshore structures. They study the ay wind and waves, climate, currents and earthquakes affect a structure and its foundation.
More about: * harbors mar Inns * breakwaters * docks, piers & jetties * other types of beach protection * canals * dyke’s Structural engineers plan and design structures of all types. As structures become more complex, the structural engineer strives to provide improved building performance. They must identify special building problems and find innovative solutions. They deal with advanced building materials, earthquake resistance, building aerodynamics, construction management, rehabilitation ND maintenance of structures, energy efficiency, ice-structure interaction, computer analysis of structures, and much more.
Structural engineers are involved in: * the basic planning and designing * Bridges * Dams * Tunnels * Water towers & Light Houses * Hydro-electric plants, coal fired plants, gas fired plants, nuclear power plants * Research facilities * Buildings (office, apartment & special purpose) * Storage facilities * Roller Coasters & Ferris Wheels & other Recreational Facilities * Rare & Unusual Structures Water resources engineers are concerned with the problems associated with he use and control of water. Water resources engineering is the profession that is responsible for the planning, development and management of water resources.
From estimating the amount of water available to designing the physical and non- physical infrastructure needed to meet the water needs of society and the environment, civil engineers play a central role within a multi-disciplinary team. To ensure access to clean safe drinking water, civil engineers design, build and manage the water intakes, the water treatment plants and the network of pipes that convey water to your tap. Civil engineers use state-of- the-art technologies to treat domestic and industrial wastewater before discharging treated water back into the environment.