Excursion&Computing Quizzes

Released in 1975, the ________ computer was the first personal computer.
Altair
One of the reasons the Apple II computer was popular was that ________.
the operating system was stored in ROM
The ________ was the first portable computer.
Osborne
What programming language transformed the software industry because beginning students could learn it easily?
BASIC
Which company approached Bill Gates to write an operating system program for its computer?
IBM
Steve Wozniak designed this in 1978, which fostered the development of DOS.
5.25 inch floppy disk
Introduced in the late 1970s, which of the following allowed users to interact more easily with the computer?
The graphical user interface (GUI)
The Alto computer, built by ________, was the first to use a graphical user interface (GUI).
Xerox
Released in 1993, ________ was the first Internet web browser.
Mosaic
T or F: Second-generation computers replaced tubes with transistors.
true
T or F: Grace Hopper coined the term computer bug when the Harvard Mark 1 malfunctioned when a moth flew into it.
true
T or F: The world’s first integrated circuit was developed at Texas Instruments.
true
T or F: A compiler is a program that translates computer language instructions into English.
false
mechanical switches were in the _________ generation.
pre
vacuum tubes were in the _________ generation.
first
transistors were in the _________ generation.
second
microprocessor chips were in the _________ generation.
fourth
integrated circuits were in the _________ generation.
third
a co-founder of Apple Corp
Steve Jobs
developed the first compiler
Grace Hopper
invented the first integrated circuit
Jack Kilby
“father of computing”
Charles Babbage
co-founder of Microsoft
Bill Gates
an early web browser
Netscape
first word processing application
Wordstar
one of the first electronic spreadsheets to use a GUI
Excel
first desktop publishing software
PageMaker
first electronic spreadsheet application
VisiCalc
Computers use ________ language consisting of 0s and 1s.
binary
In binary language, each letter of the alphabet, each number, and each special symbol is made up of a unique combination of eight ________.
bits
An Apple iPad and a Microsoft Surface are examples of ________ computers.
tablet
Which of the following computers is large, expensive and supports many simultaneous users and manages large amounts of data?
mainframe computer
________ computers are specially designed computer chips that reside inside other devices such as a car.
Embedded
The number of pixels displayed on the screen is known as ________.
screen resolution
The most common type of monitor is a(n) ________.
liquid crystal display (LCD)
________ printers either melt a wax based ink on regular paper or by burning dots on specially coated paper.
thermal
The ________ contains the central electronic components of the computer.
motherboard
A ________ enables your computer to connect to other computers or to the Internet.
network interface card (NIC)
The area that holds all the startup instructions the computer needs to start is the ________.
ROM
A(n) ________ CPU has two processing paths, allowing it to process more than one instruction at a time.
dual-core
All of the following are examples of nonvolatile storage EXCEPT ________.

A. DVD
B. hard drive
C. RAM
D. flash drive

RAM
Which of the following optical storage media has the greatest storage capacity?

A. DVD DL
B. BD
C. CD
D. DVD

BD
Which port is the most common port used to connect input and output devices?
Universal serial bus (USB)
Which computer port transmits audio and video without the need for compression?
HDMI
________ is concerned with the design and arrangement of machines and furniture to avoid uncomfortable or unsafe experiences.
ergonomics
A kilobyte is exactly ________ bytes.
1,024
main circuit board containing the central electronic components of a computer
motherboard
used to enter data
input device
case that houses the electronic components, power source, and storage devices of a desktop computer
system unit
displays processed data
output device
external device that exchanges data with the computer through ports
peripheral device
disk capacities from smallest to largest
kilobyte
megabyte
gigabyte
terabyte
petabyte
Which of the following is the smallest unit of measure?

A. gigabyte
B. petabyte
C. megabyte
D. terabyte

megabyte
Dropbox is an example of ________.
cloud storage
All of the following are ways to avoid injuries when working on computers EXCEPT ________.

A. placing a monitor at least 12″ from the eyes
B. purchasing an adjustable chair
C. ensuring proper lighting
D. taking breaks

placing a monitor at least 12″ from the eyes
What is a gigabyte?
approximately one billion bytes
T or F: Data and information are interchangeable terms.
false
What is the most common port on digital devices?
USB
Which types of memory can be found on the motherboard?
RAM and ROM only
Which of the following is not one of the 4 functions of a computer?

A. Input
B. Translate
C. Output
D. Storage

Translate
Which of the following does not contain an embedded computer?

A. your car
B. the thermostat
C. a drone
D. your smartphone

your smartphone
computer programs
software
physical components of a computer
hardware
represents a fact, figure, or idea
data
turning data into information
processing
data organized in a meaningful way
information
The web is based on the ________ Protocol.
Hypertext Transfer
A computer connected to the Internet that asks for data is a(n) ________.
client
A(n) ________ is installed on your computer, and when the program is opened, your e-mail is downloaded to your computer.
e-mail client
All of the following are tips for professional e-mail etiquette EXCEPT ________.

A. be concise and to the point
B. include a meaningful subject line
C. use abbreviations such as “u,” “r,” and “BRB” to keep the e-mail message shorter
D. use spell-checker and proofread before sending

use abbreviations such as “u,” “r,” and “BRB” to keep the e-mail message shorter
A ________ allows visitors to add, remove, or edit its content.
wiki
Which of the following are personal video journal entries posted on the web?
Vlogs
Podcasts enable you to ________.
deliver audio/video files via RSS
Multimedia is anything that involves one or more of the following EXCEPT ________.

A. browsers
B. graphics
C. audio files
D. video files

browsers
________ media are continuously fed to your browser so you do not have to wait for the entire file to completely download before listening to or watching it.
streaming
All of the following are types of e-commerce business EXCEPT ________.

A. B2B
B. C2B
C. B2C
D. C2C

C2B
The “s” in “https” stands for ________ socket layer.
secure
The intent of the Internet was created to provide
a secure form of communications and a common communications means for all computers
T or F: Paraphrasing content from a website in your research paper without documenting the source is considered plagiarism.
true
In the URL http://www.microsoft.com/surface, the portion labeled “.com” is the ________.
top-level domain
A(n) ________ is a navigation aid that shows the path you have taken to get to a web page or where the page is located within the website.
breadcrumb trail
AND, OR, and NOT are examples of ________ operators.
boolean
T or F: Geolocation is a GPS enabled feature on a smart phone that provides your location to apps like Uber.
true
T or F: Currently, there are no federal laws specifically prohibiting cyber bullying.
true
large network of networks
Internet
tool used to locate information on the web
search engine
application program used to view the web
browser
location that maintains the computers that store the website files
host
asynchronous electronic communication
e-mail
protocol that allows files to be transferred from a web server
HTTP
website address
URL
transactions between a company and its customers
B2C
transactions between two individuals
C2C
protocol that allows files to be transferred over the Internet
FTP
Which strategy should you use to search for a specific phrase?
Use quotation marks around the phrase
Which of the following would be an example of a C2C business?
Etsy
Which is NOT an event associated with the beginning of the Internet?

A. The first e-mail program was written by Ray Tomlinson.
B. Amazon.com was one of the first web sites on the Internet.
C. TCP/IP protocol was developed that allowed different computers to communicate with each other.
D. The US Department of Defense creates ARPA.

Amazon.com was one of the first web sites on the Internet.
What do you need if you want to read, send, and organize e-mail from any computer connected to the Internet?
web-based e-mail account
When using the Internet for research, you ___.
should evaluate sites for bias and relevance
In the URL http://www.nasa.gov/blog, which part is considered the protocol?
http
In the URL http://www.nasa.gov/blog, which part is considered the top-level domain?
.gov
What web browser feature would be particularly useful when using public computers?
privacy browsing