Federal Government chapter 8

Which of the following statements is true about political participation?
young people are far less likely to participate in politics than older people.
Which of the following statements about Asian Americans is true?
Although a majority of Asian Americans voted Republican in the 1990s, in the 2000s they have been voting increasingly Democratic.
Which of the following statements is true about political participation?
African Americans and Latinos are less likely to participate in politics than whites.
Which of the following statements about voter identification laws is most accurate? a
Voter identification laws in the states disproportionately affect minority citizens and the less affluent.
What was the main cause for dropping the legal voting age to eighteen?
Government officials hoped it would lead to a decline in disruptive student protests
Which of the following statements about youth participation in the 2008 presidential election is true?
Youth turnout rose in 2008 and most young people voted for Barack Obama.
An example of the phenomenon called the gender gap would be that
more women than men vote for Democrats..
The socioeconomic status model explains one’s political participation by examining an individual’s ________.
level of education, income, and occupational status
Which of the following statements about young people is true?
Although many young people feel that they can solve problems in their communities, most express a deep cynicism about politicians.
About ________ percent of eligible voters turn out for midterm congressional elections.
33
______ is the only state that does not require voter registration.
North Dakota
___ typically has the highest voter turnout among the states.
Minnesota
Which of the following statements about the digital divide is NOT true?
All racial and ethnic groups in the United States are equally likely to have online access.
About ________ percent of political advertising is aimed at Americans between 18 and 34 years of age.
14
One-third of all Asian Americans live in ________
California
Nonelectoral forms of participation usually require more ________ than voting.
time, money, and effort
About ________ percent of registered voters have voted in recent elections.
82
The Fifteenth Amendment, ratified in 1870, mandated that
no state could prevent the right to vote on account of race.
Under the Constitution, ________ has/have the power to regulate elections.
congress
Studies have discovered ________ to be the key element of successful mobilization efforts.
personal contact
About ________ million Americans have lost their voting rights as a result of felony convictions.
5
Political parties have been doing less ________ in recent years.
mobilizing of voters
What was the primary venue for citizen participation in national politics until the early 1900s?
U.S. House elections
Which of the following states does NOT permit Election Day registration?
Indiana
Nearly ________percent of Americans lack high-speed Internet access in their homes.
33
The main goal of the group Rock the Vote is to
draw young voters into participating politically.
During the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the criteria for determining one’s eligibility to vote were established by ________.
state governments
What has been one of the most pressing questions concerning socioeconomic status?
Why has the level of participation in politics not increased as a result of the rising level of education among Americans?
Over the past decade, polls have revealed that Asian American voters are moving
toward the Democratic Party.
Which of the following characteristics constitutes one’s socioeconomic status?
level of income, level of education, and prestige of occupation
Social capital refers to
community networks that motivate political participation.
On average, more women vote for ________ candidates and more men vote for ________ candidates.
Democratic, Republican
When did African Americans truly gain voting rights in the United States without fear of reprisal?
1965
Which of the following statements about the gender gap is FALSE?
The gender gap in voting behavior has always been about 20 percentage points since women’s suffrage in 1920.
Which of the following did NOT take part in the 2012 protests against SOPA and PIPA?
U.S. Chamber of Commerce
State-level data from 1980-2010 suggests that
stringent voter ID laws have the effect of lowering overall turnout.
Which of the following statements is FALSE?
Walter Mondale received 80 percent of the evangelical Christian vote in 1984 to 20 percent for Ronald Reagan.
Compared with western Europe, the United States has a(n) ________ turnout in elections.
lower
________ is the single most important factor in predicting whether an individual votes.
Education level
Which of the following statements about voting rights is correct?
Many states have laws restricting the voting rights of persons convicted of felonies
Studies show that people are most likely to participate in politics when
someone asks them to get involved.
Which of the following statements is true?
Eighteen states granted women the right to vote before the adoption of the Nineteenth Amendment.

Many states allowed the direct election of U.S. senators before the adoption of the Seventeenth Amendment.

Statewide initiatives on the ballot
increase voter turnout in elections.
According to political scientists, voter registration requirements reduce voter turnout by as much as ________ percent.
50
Which of the following statements about the impact of the SOPA and PIPA protests is most accurate?
The protests created a grassroots backlash that caused the bills to lose support among many members of Congress.
_______ conducts its elections entirely by mail.
Oregon
World War I was an important factor in advancing the cause of women’s suffrage because
Question options:
President Woodrow Wilson and members of Congress believed that women would support the war effort if they were granted the right to vote.
SOPA and PIPA were
bills considered by Congress in 2012 to extend U.S. copyright laws beyond U.S. borders.
Which of the following statements is true?
Republicans were better organized than Democrats in 2004.
Which of the following methods of participation was an important part of the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s?
sit-ins and marches
About ________ percent of African Americans voted for Barack Obama in 2008.
95
________is the single most important political act for most Americans.
voting
Which of the following statements about political parties is correct?
During the nineteenth century, political parties employed hundreds of thousands of workers to organize and mobilize voters.
________percent of Americans remain offline in 2014.
twenty
The political power of Asian Americans has recently been hindered because of the
diversity of national backgrounds and cultures
Statewide initiatives on the ballot
increase voter turnout in elections.
The protests against SOPA and PIPA are an example of how
new media can be effectively used to mobilize offline participation in politics.
Which of the following statements about the 2004 presidential election is true?
George W. Bush was narrowly re-elected.

Same-sex ballot measures in several states may have helped to get George W. Bush reelected.

The power of the Christian Coalition in the 1990s was due to
its success in mobilizing a large grassroots base
Evangelical protestants are more likely to be associated with
Republican Party
What is the best explanation for the fact that Latinos have tended to favor Democratic Party candidates in national elections?
They disagree with the Republican Party’s stance on immigration.
What bloc of voters has recently been called “the sleeping giant”?
Latino American’s
The Twenty-Sixth Amendment was ratified
During the Vietnam War
The Supreme Court justices ruled that prayer in public schools was unconstitutional in ________.
Engel v. Vitale (1962)
Which of the following is NOT a traditional form of political activity?
visiting a candidate’s website
The digital divide refers to the
line separating citizens with Internet access from those without.
Which of the following statements is true?
The American states vary dramatically in the competitiveness of presidential elections.
Most U.S. House seats are not electorally competitive.
No other democracy uses an electoral college to mediate between a national vote for presidential candidates and the actual winner.
A person becomes president when he or she receives 270 electoral votes.
(all of the above )
Accidental mobilization occurs when
individuals are exposed to political information that they did not explicitly seek out.
It is likely that eliminating state-level voter registration laws would
increase voter turnout among younger people.
About ________ percent of U.S. senators and U.S. representatives serving in Congress are women.
17
Women are disadvantaged as candidates for office because
male candidates are more likely to have the advantage of incumbency in office.