Chapter 6 politics

Brief quotes and short characterizations of the day’s events in news coverage are called ________.
sound bites
Why do radio stations repeat the news so often throughout the day?
The audience is constantly changing since most people listen to the radio in their cars.
Which of the following news sources reaches the most Americans?
Despite its widespread availability,________typically provide(s) the least depth of news coverage.
Much of the national news that is published in local newspapers is provided by ________.
the Associated Press
Which group has had great popularity on radio talk shows?
It is estimated that over ________ percent of Americans have a television.
The United States has approximately ________ television stations and ________ daily newspapers.
2,000; 1,400
Large media conglomerates own approximately ________ percent of daily newspapers.
Most local newspapers get their national news from ________.
wire services
________ percent of radio stations in the United States are devoted to talk, news, or public affairs.
Which of the following is NOT a national newspaper?
What has helped accelerate the trend toward less variety in national news in the past decade?
the corporate consolidation of news media into a small number of conglomerates
The development of media giants with access to a variety of media holdings raises the question of whether
there is enough competition among the media to produce a diverse set of views and opinions.
Which of the following statements is true?
Online sources for news are now just behind television.
Which of the following statements about newspapers is NOT accurate?
The newspaper industry has been more profitable in recent years than ever before.
Which of the following statements best describes the changing ownership patterns in the American media?
There has been a recent trend toward homogenization of national news as conglomerates have come to own a larger and larger percentage of media outlets.
Daily Internet users who participate in society and politics through online activities are called ________.
digital citizens
The penny press
was created in the nineteenth century and facilitated widespread literacy. (answer choice: both a and b)
________ is the niche leader inside the Beltway.
________ percent of Americans are completely offline.
Niche journalism refers to
news reporting targeted for a demographic of readers based on content or ideological presentation.
About ________ percent of Americans use Twitter for politics.
Which of the following is NOT a reason that Americans prefer online news?
the accuracy and objectivity of the information found online
The following are all concerns raised by the growing popularity of online news EXCEPT
a reduction in the diversity of perspectives that can potentially be heard.
A website devoted entirely to reporting on climate change and other environmental issues is an example of ________ journalism.
The power of the media to draw public attention to particular issues and problems is called ________.
agenda setting
Which of the following statements is true?
Individuals customize the political information they receive through their choices of news outlets.
The media can set the political agenda in the United States by
identifying an issue as a problem that must be solved.
The most important selection bias in news is the ________.
audience appeal of a story
Besides their ideological biases, journalists also exhibit selection biases in favor of news stories they view as
having a great deal of dramatic or entertainment value.
The fact that journalists referred to the Obama administration’s health care initiative as “reform” instead of as “health care rationing” is an example of the media’s power of ________.
The Pentagon Papers were released as a result of
a leak by a minor Defense Department staffer.
________ has released thousands of secret government documents.
The ________ regulates broadcast media.
Federal Communications Commission
The ________ provides candidates for the same political office equal opportunities to communicate their messages.
equal time rule
The Supreme Court case Red Lion Broadcasting Company v. FCC (1969) upheld ________.
the right of rebuttal
The Fairness Doctrine required that
broadcasters who aired controversial issues provide time for opposing viewpoints.
Which of the following best describes the relationship between the government and the media in the United States today?
The government does not own but regulates the content and ownership of broadcast media.
The Communications Decency Act was struck down by the Supreme Court because it violated the
First Amendment’s right to freedom of speech.
If a television station sold commercial time to a Republican candidate for governor but refused to sell time to the Democratic candidate for governor, this station would be violating the ______.
equal time rule
If a radio station aired a personal attack against a candidate but refused to allow the same candidate the opportunity to respond to that attack on its station, the station would be violating the ________.
right of rebuttal
Which statement about the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is FALSE?
The FCC was established in 1949 by President Harry Truman.
Which statement about the Telecommunications Act of 1996 is FALSE?
The act required broadcasters who aired programs on controversial issues to provide time for opposing views.
Which of the following is regulated by the federal government?
In 1985, the federal government stopped enforcing the ________, arguing that it was no longer necessary due to the increasing number of television and radio stations.
Fairness Doctrine
Which of the following is NOT a reason why a free media is necessary to democratic government?
A free media is needed to ensure economic equality.
The proliferation of news sources in recent years has
encouraged polarization because many media outlets seek to position themselves within a discrete ideological or partisan niche rather than maintain a middle-of-the-road stance.