HD Chapter13

The Big Five: name them. What do they measure?
Longitudinal, cross-sectional, and multicultural research have identified five clusters of personality traits that appear in every culture and era.
Openness: imaginative, curious, artistic, creative, open to new experiences
Conscientiousness: organized, deliberate, conforming, self-disciplined
Extroversion: outgoing, assertive, active
Agreeableness: kind, helpful, easygoing, generous
Neuroticism: anxious, moody, self-punishing, critical
Social convoy: definition
the family members, friends, acquaintances, and strangers who move through life with an individual
Consequential strangers: definition
people who are not in a person’s closest friendships but nonetheless have an impact.
Fictive kin: definition
Someone who becomes accepted as part of a family to which he or she has no blood relation
Parent and adult child relationship quality
Parental satisfaction is strongly affected by the adult lives of their children.
The most troubled child has more impact on parental wellbeing than the happy, successful children.
Amicable relationships most common
Parents now have reduced financial obligations and can help adult children, which is appreciated much more than it was during childhood/adolescence.
Adult sibling relationship quality
Marriage and/or childbearing tend to enhance closeness or exacerbate problems between siblings
Desire for children to know aunts, uncles, and cousins typically reduces sibling distance
Adulthood frees siblings from cohabitation, this leads to differing without fighting
Siblings provide practical and emotional support
Those who are distant from parents may compensate by being very close to siblings
Empty nest: definition. Is it typically a positive or negative?
the time in lives of parents when their children have left the family home to pursue their own lives
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs: chronologically based?
Completion of lower levels allows us to move to higher levels
Levels completed in order, but not tied to a particular age
Generativity vs. Stagnation
Erikson’s 7th stage
Adults seek to be productive in a caring way through art, caregiving, and employment
Art studied less than caregiving and employment

The desire to contribute to the next generation and have an impact on the world
If unfulfilled we feel emotionally and socially poor

How is generativity achieved?
Types of non-biological parenting
Foster parenthood
Step parenthood
Kinkeeper: definition
a caregiver who takes responsibility for maintaining communications among family members
Sandwich generation: definition
generation of adults who are “squeezed” by providing care for dependent children and aging parents
Intrinsic rewards: definition and examples.
: intangible gratification that comes from within oneself as a result of doing a job
Extrinsic rewards: definition and examples.
tangible benefits received for doing a job