MIS Chapter 1

_______ are people who work directly with information systems to get results
end users
_______ connect computers and equipment in a building, around the country, or around the world to enable electronic communications.
______ consists of computer equipment used to perform input, processing, and output activities.
______ consists of computer programs that govern the operation of a computer.
_____ involves using information systems and the Internet to acquire parts and supplies
Electronic Procurement (e-procurement)
_____ is a branch of artificial intelligence that allows computers to recognize and act on patterns or trends
neural networks
____ is the knowledge of how data and information are used by individuals, groups, and organizations
information systems literacy
___ are people who create, use, and disseminate knowledge and are usually professionals in science, engineering, business and other areas
knowledge workers
A ____ is a set of elements or components that interact to accomplish goals
A _____ is an example of a hardware processing device
A ____ is any business-related exchange such as payments to employees, sales to customers, or payments to suppliers
A(n) ___ can replace many applications with one unified set of programs, making the system easier to use and more effective
enterprise resources planning system
A(n) _____ is a network based on Web technologies that allows selected outsiders, such as business partners and customers, to access authorized resources of a company’s intranet.
A(n) _____ is an organized collection of people, procedures, software, databases, and devices used to perform and record business deals.
Transaction Processing System (TPS)
Hiring an outside company to perform some or all of a systems development project is called _____.
In information systems, _____ is information from a system that is used to make changes to input or processing activities.
In the context of an information system, _____ involves keeping data and information available for future use.
Quality information that can be used for a variety of purposes is said to be ______.
The _____ step of systems development involves studying the existing system to uncover its strengths and weaknesses and interviewing those who will use the new system to identify what the system must do to meet their needs and the needs of an organization.
Systems analysis
The goal of the _____ step of systems development is to gain a clear understanding of the problem to be solved or opportunity to be addressed.
Systems investigation
The process of defining relationships among data to create useful information requires ______.
The value of information is directly linked to how it helps decision makers achieve their organization’s _____.
Which of the following involves the ongoing running of a system and identifying and making necessary changes to the system due to errors or new user or business requirements?
Operation and maintenance
Which of the following is a process of linking together all the components of a system to demonstrate that the system as a whole does indeed meet the user and business requirements?
Integration and testing