Princ. of Mass Media Ch. 9

False, the U.S. Defense Department’s Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) formed a team of computer scientists
The Internet was created by private enterprise, but it has been taken over and expanded by the federal government.
False, can be edited by anyone, are super fact checked
Wikis are informative Web sites that are strictly controlled by professional editors.
True
Mosaic was the first user-friendly browser.
False, computer network
ARPAnet is a browser.
True
Microprocessors led to the development of personal computers.
False, enabled military and academic researchers to communicate one a distributed network system
The Internet was designed so that a centralized authority could control electronic communication during a nuclear disaster.
False, it became a mass medium
The primary use of the Internet in the 1990s was social networking.
True
HTML stands for “HyperText Markup Language.”
True
Open-source software has code that can be updated by anyone interested in modifying it.
True
The iconic achievement of Web 2.0 is social networking.
True
“Cookies” are files that allow a Web site owner to chart the computer user’s movements within the Web site and collect other information about the user.
True
The Web is a participatory medium in which anyone can be involved.
True
Computer engineer Ray Tomlinson, who invented e-mail, established the “login name[email protected] computer” convention for e-mail addresses.
False
The Linux operating system was developed by Microsoft in an attempt to deter an antitrust suit by the U.S. government.
True
Recent court decisions have upheld Congress’s authority to restrict children’s access to pornographic Web sites.
False
Most Web sites follow an “opt-in” data policy when collecting information from online consumers.
A. Instant messaging
Which of the following is not part of Web 2.0?
A. Instant messaging
B. Blogs
C. Wiki Web sites
D. The semantic Web
E. Social networking sites
A. The development of digital technologies that allow information to be transferred as a series of binary codes
B. The development of smaller, personal computers, made possible through the development of microchips and microprocessors
C. The development of fiber-optic cable, which allowed a massive amount of information to be transmitted extremely quickly
According to the text, which of the following technological advancements have aided the Internet’s role in media convergence?
A. The development of digital technologies that allow information to be transferred as a series of binary codes
B. The development of smaller, personal computers, made possible through the development of microchips and microprocessors
C. The development of fiber-optic cable, which allowed a massive amount of information to be transmitted extremely quickly
D. All options are correct*
A. Web browsers
The Internet moved into the mass medium phase of development with the invention of
A. Web browsers
B. Search engines
C. 56K modems
D. E-mail
E. Computer bulletin boards
B. The use of digital technology to access different forms of traditional media*
One form of media convergence is
A. The tendency of news media to focus on local stories
B. The use of digital technology to access different forms of traditional media*
C. The theory that there are more and more media outlets
D. The way media coverage tends to follow a mob mentality in reporting
E. The idea that every media format will eventually be replaced by another
A. Advertisements in subscribers’ e-mail messages
How do major Web companies make money from e-mail?
A. Advertisements in subscribers’ e-mail messages
B. Fees charged to users
C. Government subsidies
D. Reimbursements from computer manufacturers
B. Wiki Web sites
User-created content on the Web includes which of the following phenomena?
A. Sponsored links
B. Wiki Web sites
C. Blogs
D. Phishing
E. Both Wiki Web sites and blogs
C. Military research
What was the original motivation for developing the Internet?
A. Technical innovation
B. Entrepreneurial ambition
C. Military research
D. Popular demand for a more democratic medium of communication
E. Desire for a new toy or “novelty”
C. Linux is open-source software
What is the main difference between Linux software and Microsoft software?
A. Microsoft is cheaper
B. Linux is much less reliable
C. Linux is open-source software
D. Linux is funded by the government
E. Microsoft is open-source software