USATestPrep Missed Questions

This is the term that describes the Union Navy controlling and cutting off South Carolina’s major port from trade in 1863.
Blockade of Charleston
This was a significant battle during the Civil War in Mississippi where Union General Grant got Confederate forces to surrender. This led to Union control of the Mississippi River.
Battle of Vicksburg
This was a 3-minute address by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War (November 19, 1863) at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg.
Gettysburg Address
This was a U.S. philanthropist who wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
This abolitionist and women’s rights activist is best known for her 1851 speech “Ain’t I a Woman?”
Sojourner Truth
This was a U.S. Journalist who founded the radical newspaper The Liberator, and fought to abolish slavery.
William Lloyd Garrison
This abolitionist was executed in 1859 after leading a failed attempt at armed slave insurrection at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia.
John Brown
This was a 3-minute address by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War (November 19, 1863) at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg.
Gettysburg Address
This is the city in Virginia where General Robert E. Lee surrendered his Confederate forces to Union General Ulysses S. Grant on April 9, 1865, effectively ending the American Civil War.
Appomattox Court House
What cause is Douglass advocating in this statement?
allowing African American men to serve as soldiers in the Union army
The Confederacy faced many disadvantages during the Civil War. Which one of these was the BIGGEST economic disadvantage?
industrial production
This document was written: “We, … the People of South Carolina, by our delegates in Convention assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, have solemnly declared that the Union heretofore existing between this State and the other States of North America, is dissolved, and that the State of South Carolina has resumed her position among the nations of the world, as a separate and independent State; with full power to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce, and to do all other acts and things which independent States may of right do.”
following the election of Abraham Lincoln as the U.S. President.
Which would make the BEST title for this list of notes about the Civil War?:
Fought in Sharpsburg, MD on September 17, 1862; Over 22,717 dead, wounded, or missing; Bloodiest day in American history
Decisive Union victory; Ended Robert E. Lee’s invasion of Maryland.
The Confederate states’ most important advantage entering the Civil War is generally considered to be that?
They only had to fight a defensive war and outlast the Union’s will to fight in order to win.
In the Illinois Senate race of 1858, an opponent of slavery would have been MOST likely to vote for?
Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln.
Based on this image, how did the artist choose to portray the contribution of John Brown to United States History?
John Brown opposed slavery.
How did John Brown contribute to the abolitionist movement?
John Brown participated in raids against slavery in Harpers Ferry and Kansas.
These statements are describing the effects of the Supreme Court’s decision in:

· Triggered the “Panic of 1857” and resulted in several railroad bankruptcies and bank closures.

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· Strengthened pro-slavery and secessionist support in the south.

· Made the question of extending slavery into new territories an unstable issue.

· Divided the Democratic Party on sectional lines and strengthened the Republican Party.

Dred Scott v. Sandford
This was an important battle fought on July 22, 1864 in Georgia during the Civil War. It was a Union victory led by General Sherman and was subsequently burned to the ground and then he led his March to the Sea.
Battle of Atlanta
This was one of the bloodiest battles during the American Civil War. Set in Pennsylvania, it is also credited as a major turning point for the Union in the war against the Confederacy.
Battle of Gettysburg
This was a military campaign embarked upon by the United States Army in late 1864 which destroyed property along a wide path south from Atlanta to the Atlantic Ocean in order to punish the Confederates for starting the war.
Sherman’s March to the Sea
This court order (writ) requires a person to be brought before a judge?
Habeas Corpus
This Civil War battle took place in April 1862 in south-central Tennessee and was a major victory for Union General Ulysses S. Grant, despite nearly 13,000 Union- and 11,000 Confederate- casualties.
Shiloh
The Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962 was a confrontation between?
the United States and the Soviet Union
The original purpose of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) was to?
provide for a defense pact against possible Soviet aggression.
The incident at Kent State in 1970 is an example of students protesting against?
the Vietnam War
Which two countries were allied during World War II but NOT after the war?
United States, Soviet Union
Which statement regarding the Bay of Pigs is TRUE?
it was planned as a secret invasion of Cuba led by the CIA
Which word best describes the U.S. policy towards communism in the 1950s and 1960s?
containment
How did the goals of United States foreign policy change from the end of the First World War to the end of the Korean War?
from a policy of isolationism to a policy of containment
Which of these statements is an accurate fact about this chart?
U.S. defense spending declined after 1953.
Which is the BEST example of the United States’ use of humanitarian aid as a tool of diplomacy?
the Marshall Plan
Which group was created during the Cold War to unify all of the member countries against communist aggression?
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
These Cold War events are associated with the presidency of:

· April 1961: Bay of Pigs Invasion

· August 1961: Berlin Wall completed

· October 1962: Cuban Missile Crisis

John F. Kennedy
The first man-made object to be launched into space was?
Sputnik 1
From this excerpt, why do you think President Kennedy viewed the decision to go to the moon as one of the most important decisions of his presidency?
because he believed the challenges of going to the moon would benefit the country
Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs were influential in?
the creation of the first personal computer.
The growth of suburbs in the United States following World War II caused?
massive governmental expenditures on roads programs.
America responded to the launch of Sputnik by the Soviet Union in 1957 by?
creating NASA and passing the National Defense Education Act.
A company that relocates to the area of California known as “Silicon Valley” would be MOST likely to be involved in which business?
computers
During what decade were these indicators MOST prevalent in the American economy?
the 1950’s
With which decade are these developments MOST closely associated?:
– Levittown
– Rock and Roll
– Television
– Baby Boom
the 1950s
What innovation had the BIGGEST impact to business and the service industries in the 1990s?
The Internet
A police officer has an arrest warrant for a suspect. Which action must occur at the time of the arrest?
The suspect is read the Miranda Warning.
Very much like the Supreme Court case of Gideon v. Wainwright (1963), the case of Escobedo v. Illinois (1964) involved?
criminal rights.
Which program did Lyndon B. Johnson support when he was President of the United States?
Great Society
Under Chief Justice Earl Warren, the Supreme Court addressed all of the following issues EXCEPT?
forbidding free speech during times of war.
Robert Kennedy’s assassination changed the course of the Election of 1968. As a Democratic candidate, he had?
strongly opposed the Vietnam War and was committed to civil rights.
President Lyndon Johnson was more successful than President Kennedy in getting Congress to pass civil rights and economic improvement bills because?
Democrats had greater control of Congress than during Kennedy’s presidency.
Which of these describes an outcome of the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.?
Riots broke out in over 110 cities, including Washington D.C., Baltimore, and Chicago.
Which of these was one of President Johnson’s “Great Society” programs?
the Civil Rights Act of 1964
All of this milestone legislation was passed as part of?
Lyndon B. Johnson’s “Great Society”
Which program BEST represents President Kennedy’s statements?:

“And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you–ask what you can do for your country.

My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man.”

— President John F. Kennedy, Inaugural Address, January 20, 1961

The Peace Corps
All of these were major sources of protest during what time period?

· Vietnam War
· Civil Rights
· Women’s Rights

late 1960s
Which of these describes an outcome of the assassination of John F. Kennedy?
Lyndon Baines Johnson was sworn in as the President of the United States.
President Lyndon B. Johnson declared a “war on poverty” and created this agency to oversee programs such as Head Start and Job Corps to help break the cycle of poverty.
Office of Economic Opportunity
Why did many of President Kennedy’s “New Frontier” programs fail?
They did not gain support amongst many Congressional conservatives.
his passage of this Amendment was MOST influenced by which event?:

Section 1. In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.
Section 2. Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress.

– 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution (1967)

The assassination of John F. Kennedy.
Why do you think whites had become more accepting of civil rights for African Americans by the 1960s?
integration of schools helped people get used to the idea
During Earl Warren’s tenure as U.S. Chief Justice
there was an expansion of civil rights and liberties.
What was Kennedy’s desired outcome from Congress?
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Which of these court cases MOST LIKELY helped accused people who cannot afford lawyers get them from the government?
Gideon v. Wainwright
Which is the BEST description of the significance of the Union victory in the siege of Vicksburg?
The Union victory at Vicksburg resulted in northern control of the Mississippi River.
Which of these BEST describes the significance of the Emancipation Proclamation?
The President publicly endorsed the abolition of slavery in southern states.
Which of these political issues caused the MOST division in Washington, DC, as the United States moved westward in the 19th century?
the expansion of slavery into newly acquired territories
Which of these describes a significant advantage possessed by the Union at the beginning of the Civil War?
a larger free population
In 1860, the southern states highlighted in red would have been LEAST likely to?
vote for Abraham Lincoln for President of the United States.
Which of these welfare programs provided preschool-aged children a government subsidized education?
Head Start
These words were delivered by which person upon receiving his political party’s nomination for President?:
“(W)e stand today on the edge of a New Frontier — the frontier of the 1960’s, the frontier of unknown opportunities and perils, the frontier of unfilled hopes and unfilled threats…. But the New Frontier of which I speak is not a set of promises. It is a set of challenges. It sums up not what I intend to offer to the American people, but what I intend to ask of them. It appeals to their pride — It appeals to our pride, not our security. It holds out the promise of more sacrifice instead of more security.
The New Frontier is here whether we seek it or not.”
July 15, 1960
John F. Kennedy
Which conflict is often referred to as the first “televised war”?
Vietnam War
Cell phones and the Internet have both had the effect of?
making the world a “smaller” place by increasing communication speeds.
With which decade are these developments MOST closely associated?:

-Levittown
-Rock and Roll
-Television
-Baby Boom

the 1950s
In February of 1861, the seven seceded states met in Montgomery, Alabama, to?
found the Confederate States of America.
Which issue led to widespread protests from the African-American soldiers serving in the Union army?
the fact that they were paid less than their white counterparts
The case of Dred Scott v. Sandford (1856) is often called the Supreme Court’s great ‘self inflicted wound’ because the decision?
ruled slaves to be property and incapable of becoming citizens.
Who was the source of this famous statement regarding slavery and sectionalism in the years leading up to the Civil War?
Abraham Lincoln
According to the passage, what was Abraham Lincoln’s chief purpose of the address?:
“The world will little note nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living rather to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us–that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion–that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain, that this nation under God shall have a new birth of freedom….”

– excerpt from The Gettysburg Address, Abraham Lincoln

explain the higher purpose of the Civil War
Which Supreme Court case would have had the BIGGEST impact on slaves in the United States?
Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857)
This excerpt from an inaugural address was given as the the country was emerging from?:
“With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation’s wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and his orphan, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations.”
the Civil War.