Gov Unit 5

An immigrant can become a US citizen through a process called
naturalization.
In the United States, the draft would most likely be implemented during a
war
What is the first step in selecting US citizens to serve as members of a jury?

Possible jury members receive a court summons.
All possible jury members must report to the court.
Judges and lawyers choose the members of the jury.
The names of possible jurors are chosen at random.

The names of possible jurors are chosen at random.
American citizens must pay federal taxes including
income and payroll taxes.
In the United States, potential jury members are notified of their duty by

a summons.
a phone call.
an e-mail.
a text message.

a summons.
A person is born a US citizen if he or she has parents who

currently reside outside the United States but are American citizens.
want to move to the United States and become naturalized citizens.
are not from the United States but work for a US company abroad.
once legally lived and worked in the United States as immigrants.

currently reside outside the United States but are American citizens.
What is the best definition of a model citizen?

A model citizen makes contributions to political campaigns.
A model citizen helps clean up litter in his or her community.
A model citizen is someone who actively participates in civic life.
A model citizen always volunteers for community or public service.

A model citizen makes contributions to political campaigns.X
The US Constitution defines citizenship in the

Thirteenth Amendment.
Fourteenth Amendment.
Fifteenth Amendment.
Sixteenth Amendment.

Fourteenth Amendment.
The naturalization process involves several steps including

finding a citizen to serve as a sponsor.
living in the United States for two years.
taking and passing a two-part test.
writing an essay about citizenship.

taking and passing a two-part test.
What led to the formation of political parties?

Certain individuals wanted to gain political power.
The writers of the Constitution disagreed on ideology.
The Constitution encouraged the concept of two political parties.
Groups of people decided to promote different legislative agendas.

The writers of the Constitution disagreed on ideology.
The Democratic-Republican Party was based on the idea that the central government of a country should be
Limited
The most influential and powerful members of a political party are most likely found

in party precincts.
at the state party level.
among party volunteers.
inside the national party.

inside the national party.
When did the two-party political system first develop?

just prior to the Civil War
shortly after the Great Depression
soon after the nation was founded
before independence was declared

soon after the nation was founded
What is the purpose of a political party’s platform?

to persuade voters that the party cares about them
to state the goals of the party and its position on issues
to express the ideology that party candidates must and will uphold
to show voters that party members support the same ideals as the voters

to state the goals of the party and its position on issues
According to the Federal Election Commission, what is one action that a national party committee must perform?

hold a national convention
establish a national platform
sponsor several national debates
have national fund-raising events

sponsor several national debates X
Which is a primary goal of debates?

to prove which party is best
to present potential candidates
to explain party platforms to voters
to help voters understand public policy

to help voters understand public policy
The president’s role in a political party is to help set the legislative agenda, support the party platform, and serve as a for the party.
leader
How did the Republican Party form?

The party evolved from the Democratic-Republicans.
The party formed by combining several antislavery factions.
The party combined several parties that supported strong centralized rule.
The party developed because of a disagreement about the role of government.

The party formed by combining several antislavery factions.
Based on this graph, which percentage of poll respondents were Democrats in November 2012?

25 percent
30 percent
35 percent
40 percent

35 percent
Read Justice John Paul Stevens’s dissenting opinion in the Citizens United case.

At bottom, the Court’s opinion is thus a rejection of the common sense of the American people, who have recognized a need to prevent corporations from undermining self government since the founding, and who have fought against the distinctive corrupting potential of corporate electioneering since the days of Theodore Roosevelt.
-Justice Stevens
Dissenting Opinion
Citizens United v. Federal Elections Commission

What does Justice Stevens say about the Court’s ruling?

Corporate money will make elections more likely to reflect the public will.
Corporate money will have no influence on elections.
Corporate money has changed since the days of Theodore Roosevelt.
Corporate money will make elections less likely to reflect the public will.

Corporate money will make elections less likely to reflect the public will.
Which of these people might be a member of a campaign staff? Select all that apply.

poll worker
candidate
volunteer worker
communications director
fund-raiser

3,4,5
Which of these is the best reason to explain why candidates for office hire campaign staff to run their campaigns?

Campaigns are complex undertakings, and candidates must hire staff members to manage specific activities.
If candidates for office lose their runs for office, they can blame staff members for what went wrong.
Candidates hire staff members because campaigns provide an opportunity to give jobs to family members and friends.
Campaigns are run according to accepted rules, and one of those rules is that candidates for office must hire campaign staff.

Campaigns are complex undertakings, and candidates must hire staff members to manage specific activities.
In the Citizens United case, the Supreme Court ruled that

corporations could no longer pay for political advertisements.
limits on the money corporations could spend in politics were constitutional.
corporations could more freely pay for political advertisements.
Hillary Clinton did not have the right to run for president.

limits on the money corporations could spend in politics were constitutional.
Laws are passed to regulate the funding of political campaigns in an effort to ensure that

only a handful of candidates run for office.
all candidates who run for office have equal funding.
candidates are not corrupted by those who donate money.
candidates focus on the day’s controversial issues.

candidates are not corrupted by those who donate money.
The main purpose of a political campaign is either to get an issue passed or

a verdict overturned.
an officeholder removed.
a law revoked.
a candidate elected.

a candidate elected.
In a closed primary, who selects a political party’s nominees for office?

all qualified voters
only party members
only party leaders
delegates

only party members
A Democrat can vote in a Republican primary in states that

hold open primaries.
hold closed primaries.
have indirect primaries.
have party caucuses.

hold open primaries.
The final competition for elective office is called the

indirect primary.
general election.
closed primary.
caucus.

general election.
In the United States, at what age are citizens allowed to vote?

16
18
21
25

18
Look at the bar graph.

What is the most accurate conclusion someone can draw from this graph?

Older voters have a harder time getting to the polls than younger voters.
Age has little to do with voter turnout.
Younger men vote in higher percentages than older women.
Older women vote in higher percentages than younger man

Older women vote in higher percentages than younger men.
Why do political parties most often try to gerrymander voting districts?

to gain a political advantage
to ensure an equal chance for all candidates
to prove they deserve the voters’ support
to keep each voting district the same shape

to gain a political advantage
In which ways can voters cast ballots? Check all that apply.

in person
online
by absentee ballot
by mail
by telephone

1234
Which best describes what happens to voting districts every ten years?

They are reapportioned based on political party affiliation.
They are reapportioned based on information in the census.
They are reapportioned to give the federal government more power.
They are reapportioned to give the states more power.

They are reapportioned based on information in the census.
Look at the bar graph.

Which would be the best title for this graph?

Voter Turnout, 2006-2012
Presidential Winners and Losers
Presidential Election Years, 2006-2012
Number of US Voters

Voter Turnout, 2006-2012
Why did the US Supreme Court rule against the state of Tennessee in Baker v. Carr?

Tennessee had discriminated in favor of city voters over rural voters.
Tennessee had not redistricted since 1901, keeping rural districts in power.
Tennessee had refused to create districts that were the same shape.
Tennessee had refused to take part in the national census.

Tennessee had not redistricted since 1901, keeping rural districts in power.
Before people can take part in an election in the United States, they must

pass a written test about the Constitution.
register with their states to vote.
prove that they own property.
demonstrate the ability to speak proper English.

register with their states to vote.
What happens when voters are out of state on Election Day?

They must wait until the next election to vote.
They must register again to vote.
They must vote at a local polling place.
They must vote using an absentee ballot.

They must vote using an absentee ballot.
What makes lobbyists most qualified to propose and draft legislation?

They research and understand the issues.
They are lawyers.
They have registered with the government.
They have political connections.

They research and understand the issues.
How does lobbying negatively affect government?

Lobbying enables outsiders to influence government.
Lobbying controls the information that lawmakers receive.
Lobbying overloads lawmakers with biased information.
Lobbying creates opportunities for corruption.

Lobbying creates opportunities for corruption.
How does lobbying benefit the government?

Lobbying simplifies the decision-making process for lawmakers.
Lobbying presents all interests equally.
Lobbying helps educate and inform lawmakers.
Lobbying ensures that the public’s voice informs government decisions.

Lobbying helps educate and inform lawmakers.
Read these words from the First Amendment to the Constitution.

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

This amendment gives citizens the right to

bear arms against the government.
establish a national religion.
influence their representatives’ decisions.
vote in elections.

influence their representatives’ decisions.
Which of these is an example of a social interest group?

the Tobacco Institute
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
the American Medical Association
the Motion Picture Association of America

People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
Which of these are true of political action committees (PACs) but not of interest groups? Select all that apply.

PACs promote social causes.
PACs provide financial support to political campaigns.
PACs are international organizations.
PACs are supported by corporate interests.
PACs are regulated by the Federal Election Commission.

2,5
Which best describes the work done by lobbyists?

They raise money for clients’ preferred candidates and political interests.
They run political campaigns to get policy measures passed.
They advise clients on which laws are favorable.
They apply pressure on lawmakers to pass laws that are favorable to clients.

They apply pressure on lawmakers to pass laws that are favorable to clients.
The
Federal Election Commission
is the governmental body that regulates political action committees (PACs).
If super political action committees (PACs) cannot donate directly to political campaigns, how do they best support the campaigns?

They run negative campaigns against opponents.
They pay for goods and services that can be donated.
They run independent campaigns in support of candidates.
They lobby Congress in support of candidates.

They run independent campaigns in support of candidates.
Which best describes what social interest groups generally promote?

state religion
financial support for charities
international development
causes and values

causes and values
Why is media coverage of elections important?

It is the only information source that most people have.
It helps people have a comprehensive understanding of the issues.
It introduces the candidates to the public.
It encourages people to vote.

It is the only information source that most people have.
Which of these does the media allow the public to do?

stay informed about current and proposed laws
gain a comprehensive understanding of policy
ensure that everyone has access to the same information
develop highly informed opinions about current events

develop highly informed opinions about current eventsX
Which of these best describes what the media generally facilitate for the public?

the ability to actively participate in policy making
the ability to communicate with government officials and lawmakers
the ability to try to influence policy decisions
the ability to hear discussions on laws and the lawmaking process

the ability to hear discussions on laws and the lawmaking process
Which best describes how social-networking sites help political campaigns, especially when compared to traditional media?

They allow supporters to publicly criticize opponents.
They ensure that a campaign’s message reaches a large audience.
They enable campaigns to sample public opinion.
They facilitate clear communication.

They enable campaigns to sample public opinion.
Ultimately, what do politicians use media to accomplish?

to inform the public about themselves
to focus attention on themselves
to sell themselves and their messages
to support their parties and then themselves

to sell themselves and their messages
Which best describes why candidates and politicians use the Internet?

They want to maintain control of their messages.
They need to eliminate the waste associated with traditional media.
They need to use modern technology so that they do not appear out of touch.
They must use the same media that citizens use.

They want to maintain control of their messages.X
How might opinion polls negatively affect voter behaviors?

They often sway voters’ opinions on the issues.
They can motivate people to not vote.
They frequently influence voters’ stance on the candidates.
They persuade people to vote for particular issues and candidates.

They can motivate people to not vote.
The media aim to make the public

aware of the issues.
actively involved.
accountable.
opinionated.

aware of the issues.
Which of these is a way in which politicians, particularly on the state and national level, would most likely interact with citizens online?

through instant messaging
by connecting on social media
through local town-hall meetings
by private messages

by connecting on social media
The
Congressional Record
is the name of the publication produced by the government that covers debates occurring in Congress.
The three steps governments follow to create public policy are

identifying a problem, publicizing a plan, and implementing policy.
identifying a problem, developing a plan, and referring it to Congress.
identifying a problem, referring it to Congress, and developing a plan.
identifying a problem, developing a plan, and implementing policy.

identifying a problem, developing a plan, and implementing policy.
What does fiscal policy most closely focus on?

Managing taxes and spending.
Controlling the money supply.
Regulating businesses.
Limiting business transactions.

Managing taxes and spending.
The key to developing public policy is to

issue executive orders.
seek compromises.
ask the courts for help.
request advice of experts.

seek compromises.
The primary way officials identify problems that public policy can address is by

taking testimony from educators.
keeping track of media reports.
listening to public interest groups.
traveling across the country.

listening to public interest groups.
Individual citizens can best influence public policy by

participating in public demonstrations, signing a petition, and voting.
signing a petition, participating in violent demonstrations, and voting.
assembling in front of a legislator’s home, writing a letter, and voting.
talking to the media, calling their representatives, and voting.

participating in public demonstrations, signing a petition, and voting.
Who decides what problems should be addressed through fiscal policy?

special interest groups
college professors
government leaders
special task forces

government leaders
Once a policy is developed to address an issue, who implements and enforces it?

government agencies and police forces
citizens and specialized businesses
designated military and civilian officers
legislators and judicial officials

government agencies and police forces
influence(s) public policy by drawing attention to and providing information about failed or needed policies.
The media
The media primarily influences the making of public policy by

urging people to take action.
condemning specific policy initiatives.
promoting specific policy initiatives.
providing information about a policy.

providing information about a policy.
A temporary committee created to study an issue and make a policy recommendation is called a
task force
What is a landmark case?

a case that is based on a dispute over land
a case that is based on a previous court’s decision.
a case that sets a precedent for future court decisions
a case that has been overturned from a previous court

a case that sets a precedent for future court decisions
Which statement is true of a government where there is no separation of powers?

Judges decide the legality of laws passed by the legislature.
The people’s rights are guaranteed.
One person rules and has absolute power.
The legislature is divided into different branches.

One person rules and has absolute power.
Local governments can amend or repeal local laws through a process known as
home rule
A trial court in the federal system is

the US Supreme Court.
the US Court of Appeals.
the US Court of Common Pleas.
the US Court of Claims.

the US Court of Claims.
Even though it is not a requirement, many American men

volunteer for the Peace Corps.
pay local, state, and federal taxes.
register for the draft at a certain age.
respond to summons to serve on juries.

volunteer for the Peace Corps.
As part of the executive branch, the vice president

advises the Supreme Court.
advises Congress.
presides over the Senate.
presides over Congress.

presides over the Senate.
In addition to a primary, political parties can nominate candidates for general election through a

petition or a vote of party leaders.
caucus or a convention.
signature drive or a public rally.
referendum or a ballot initiative.

caucus or a convention.
Which does the office of the president do?

supports and advises the president
leads executive departments
nominates and advises the president
leads all branches of the military

supports and advises the president
A trial court in the federal system is

the US Supreme Court.
the US Court of Appeals.
the US Court of Common Pleas.
the US Court of Claims.

the US Court of Claims.
Even though it is not a requirement, many American men

volunteer for the Peace Corps.
pay local, state, and federal taxes.
register for the draft at a certain age.
respond to summons to serve on juries.

volunteer for the Peace Corps.
According to the establishment clause, how would displaying a “Happy Holidays” sign in class be viewed?

The display violates the clause because it celebrates Christianity.
The display does not violate the clause because it is secular.
The display does not violate the clause because it is store-bought.
The display violates the clause because holidays are forbidden in schools.

The display does not violate the clause because it is secular.
What is one way in which parties demonstrate commitment to a platform?

by asking voters for monetary contributions to a campaign fund
by purchasing media advertisements to attack opposing philosophies
by ascertaining that all eligible voters in an area can and will vote
by encouraging and participating in debates over differing ideologies

by encouraging and participating in debates over differing ideologies
In a trial, who hears evidence and offers a verdict?

juries
judges
police
counsel

juries
The Constitution limits the executive branch from declaring war by giving that power to

the judicial branch.
the legislative branch.
the leader of the Senate.
the leader of the House.

the legislative branch.
A state court that sets a precedent makes a decision that

can authorize similar action in the future.
can stop similar action in the future.
assigns jurisdiction to an appeals court
assigns jurisdiction to a trial court.

can authorize similar action in the future.
After Frank Palko was sentenced to death by the state of Connecticut, the Supreme Court ruled that

his conviction and execution should be upheld.
the case should be thrown out for lack of evidence.
his sentence should be reduced.
he was the victim of double jeopardy.

his conviction and execution should be upheld.
One of the goals of the war in Afghanistan was to

use force to seize oil supplies.
eliminate al Qaeda as a threat.
establish a democratic government.
remove Saddam Hussein from power.

eliminate al Qaeda as a threat.
To become a citizen of the United States, a person must

have been born in the United States.
have been born or naturalized in the United States.
have learned to speak English.
have cousins who are citizens of the United States.

have been born or naturalized in the United States.
In Brown v. Board of Education, who instigated the lawsuit?

The students
The teachers
The parents
The schools

The parents
What is the last step in the process of getting a bill passed into law?

reviewing it in committee
sending it to the other house
approving it by a vote
sending it to the president

sending it to the president
In Brown v. Board of Education, who instigated the lawsuit?

The students
The teachers
The parents
The schools

The parents
What is the last step in the process of getting a bill passed into law?

reviewing it in committee
sending it to the other house
approving it by a vote
sending it to the president

sending it to the president
In Brown v. Board of Education, who instigated the lawsuit?

The students
The teachers
The parents
The schools

The parents
What is the last step in the process of getting a bill passed into law?

reviewing it in committee
sending it to the other house
approving it by a vote
sending it to the president

sending it to the president
An inference that can be drawn from the Supremacy Clause is that

state laws are superior to federal laws.
federal laws are superior to state laws.
judges do not have to follow federal laws.
judges have to follow state laws.

federal laws are superior to state laws.
The Judiciary Act of 1789 gave powers to the judicial branch that went beyond what the Constitution outlined. Because of this, the act

was ruled unconstitutional.
was an example of original jurisdiction.
led to an amendment to the Constitution.
overruled the Supreme Court.

was ruled unconstitutional.
Which statement reflects Thomas Gibbons’s view of interstate commerce?

State and federal governments should jointly negotiate interstate commerce.
The federal government should have power over interstate commerce.
Individual operators should negotiate interstate commerce.
State governments have power over interstate commerce.

The federal government should have power over interstate commerce.
What is one way local governments are similar to federal governments?

Both are divided into three branches.
Both have divisions called counties.
Both have a president at their helm.
Both have a board of supervisors.

Both are divided into three branches.
What are the two smallest forms of government in the United States?

federal and state
county and municipal
state and municipal
state and county

county and municipal
How is the Democratic Party similar in beliefs to the Federalists?

Both strongly opposed slavery.
Both were formed because of a dispute.
Both supported a strong central government.
Both were organized on federal and state levels.

Both supported a strong central government.
Read the example of a party platform:

We support electronic voting. We also believe in online registration: more citizens need to be able to participate in the election process.

What best explains the party’s primary goal?

get more citizens involved in elections
get more citizens to vote by computer
get more citizens to register to vote online
get more citizens involved in politics

get more citizens involved in elections
Which of these best describes an interest group?

a group formed to support political campaigns financially
a group that meets with lawmakers to influence legislation
a group formed to influence government policy
a group driven by the political interests of the community

a group formed to influence government policy
What role did US military action play during the Communist revolution in Cuba?

The United States trained and funded Cuban militants.
The United States went to war with Cuba.
When threatened with war, the Communist revolution ended.
The military had little effect on communism and the revolution spread.

The United States trained and funded Cuban militants.
Which correctly describes the current gender gap in voter turnout?

the difference between those who register to vote, but do not cast ballots
the number of young people who register to vote
the difference in voting choices by men and by women
the percentage of women who choose to vote

the difference in voting choices by men and by women
When campaign workers are canvassing neighborhoods, one of their goals is to

identify voters who will support their candidate.
sell campaign buttons door to door.
determine the income level of a community.
find out which candidate voters have selected.

identify voters who will support their candidate.
How has the Internet revolutionized political campaigns?

It has drastically reduced the need for traditional forms of advertising.
It has increased foreign participation in elections.
It has increased competition between candidates.
It has enabled immediate communication between candidates and supporters.

It has enabled immediate communication between candidates and supporters.
A person who is a member of a nation and is entitled to its protection is a(n)
⇒ citizen.
best help the media and candidates better understand where voters stand, especially during election campaigns.
polls
How is citizenship achieved in the United States? Check all that apply.

citizenship by birth
citizenship by residency
citizenship by naturalization
citizenship by employment
citizenship by immigration

1,3
Even though it is not a requirement, many American men

volunteer for the Peace Corps.
pay local, state, and federal taxes.
register for the draft at a certain age.
respond to summons to serve on juries.

volunteer for the Peace Corps.
What is a requirement of all citizens in the United States?

Everyone over a certain age must register with the Selective Service System.
Everyone must be available to serve on a jury in response to a summons.
Everyone must cast a vote in all municipal, state, and federal elections.
Everyone over a certain age must volunteer for community service.

Everyone must be available to serve on a jury in response to a summons.
International governmental organizations

have a “home base” in the country most in need of help.
are able to operate in every country that is part of the group.
send workers out from a singular location in a national capital.
allow struggling citizens to seek refuge in their headquarters.

are able to operate in every country that is part of the group.
Which of these is a negative impact of lobbying?

It makes businesses too transparent.
It favors groups over the individual.
It enables outsiders to influence lawmakers.
It offers advantages to those with money.

It offers advantages to those with money.
Which best describes how the media influence the development of policy?

It keeps lawmakers apprised of what is happening throughout the government.
It informs the public, who can then convey their opinions to policymakers.
It presents opinions and ideas that inspire policymakers.
It facilitates informed communication between different parts of the government.

It informs the public, who can then convey their opinions to policymakers.
Immigrant US citizen
I hereby declare, on oath . . . that I will support and defend the Constitution and laws of the United States of America against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I will bear arms [weapons] on behalf of the United States when required by the law . . . so help me God. This oath is recited by
war
In the United States, the draft would most likely be implemented during a
responsibility adult citizens
Every man and every woman in this Nation-—regardless of party—who have the right to register and to vote, and the opportunity to register and to vote, have also the sacred obligation to register and to vote. For the free and secret ballot is the real keystone of our American Constitutional system. -President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1944 This quotation addresses
naturalization
An immigrant can become a US citizen through a process called
take part in Teach for America
To volunteer for national service, US citizens can
two-part test
The naturalization process involves several steps including
homeless shelters
To volunteer for community service, US citizens can
a summons
In the United States, potential jury members are notified of their duty by
police officers
What is an example of a civil service job?
registering at 18
In the United States, the responsibility of voting includes
lives in country not citizen
What is the best definition of a resident alien?
18
Young American men must register with the Selective Service System when they reach the age of
chosen at random
What is the first step in selecting US citizens to serve as members of a jury?
freedom of speech and obey laws
Which pair of statements best compares the rights and requirements of US citizens?
cleaning litter from the street
One example of a civic responsibility that is not a requirement is
men= conservative
The chart compares prospective voter support leading up to the 2012 presidential election. This chart demonstrates that
race
The graph compares support for candidates among prospective Hispanic voters leading up to the 2008 presidential election. This graph demonstrates the influence of ? on political ideology.
moderate, conservative, Libertarian
The US Republican Party mostly includes members who are
values freedom over involvement
Libertarianism could best be described as a political ideology that
government performed better by private businesses
What do most Libertarians tend to believe?
progressive
Younger women who want to see new kinds of government programs are more likely to vote for a candidate who
traditional approaches
Conservatism could best be described as a political ideology that
conservative
What kind of person is most likely to hold a right-wing ideology?
federal regulation, broad role, Social Security
What do most left-wing voters tend to believe? CHECK ALL THAT APPLY.
improve society
Liberalism could best be described as a political ideology that
liberal ideology
Women who are strong supporters of women’s rights are more likely to vote for a candidate who
rights for everybody
What do most progressives tend to believe?
Democratic candidate
This graph compares support for candidates among prospective Hispanic voters leading up to the 2008 US presidential election. The graph shows that in 2008, more people in the Hispanic community planned to support
political ideology
A set of beliefs about politics and the role of government.
35%
Based on this graph, which percentage of poll respondents were Democrats in November 2012?
moderate
Which word best describes a voter at the political center?
help voters understand
Which is a primary goal of debates?
National Party
Which is at the top of the political party organization?
limited
The Democratic-Republican Party was based on the idea that the central government of a country should be
health care
Which issue is most important to the Democratic Party?
perform tasks
Why are volunteers placed at the base of the political party organizational pyramid?
shapes debate and control agenda
Political parties are important in the US Congress, because party affiliation
similar beliefs about government
Which best describes a political party?
combining antislavery factions
How did the Republican Party form?
state goals
What is the purpose of a political party’s platform?
inside national party
The most influential and powerful members of a political party are most likely found
reform
Third parties play a significant role in the election process because they advocate
soon after nation was founded
When did the two-party political system first develop?
caucus
A meeting of party members to choose a nominee through debate is called a
candidate elected
The main purpose of a political campaign is either to get an issue passed or
oversee a campaign organization
The role of a campaign manager is to
corporations more freely pay
In the Citizens United case, the Supreme Court ruled that
individual donors, campaigns, and require that donors
Which statements apply to the financing of a political campaign and the laws controlling it? Select all that apply.
candidates not corrupted
Laws are passed to regulate the funding of political campaigns in an effort to ensure that
primary
Before a general election can take place, a political party may hold a election to select a candidate for office.
passing campaign-finance laws
Which of these best describes a role of the federal government in the election process?
both parties are dependent
Look at this graph, showing funding for campaigns for election to the House of Representatives, 2011-2012. What is the most logical conclusion that can be drawn from this graph?
administered fairly
The most important role of election officials is to make sure that an election
volunteer, communications, and fund-raiser
Which of these people might be a member of a campaign staff? Select all that apply.
only party members
In a closed primary, who selects a political party’s nominees for office?
communications director
In a political campaign, the person with the responsibility of contacting the media and creating printed materials is the
government
Public financing of a campaign comes from which of these sources?
absentee ballot
What happens when voters are out of state on Election Day?
proof residency, form, deadline
What are voters required to do? Check all that apply.
not redistricted since 1901
Why did the US Supreme Court rule against the state of Tennessee in Baker v. Carr?
reapportioned census
Which best describes what happens to voting districts every ten years?
Older women vote in higher percentages than younger men.
Voter Turnout Gender and Age What is the most accurate conclusion someone can draw from this graph?
Voter turnout
Look at the bar graph. Which would be the best title for this graph?
person, online, ballot, and mail
In which ways can voters cast ballots? Check all that apply.
gain advantage
Why do political parties most often try to gerrymander voting districts?
18
In the United States, at what age are citizens allowed to vote?
register with their states
Before people can take part in an election in the United States, they must
% of Democratic primary
Look at the table. What information is missing from the table that could help someone draw the most accurate conclusion about voter turnout in primaries and general elections?
2008 and 2012 were presidential election years.
% of Voters Look at the information in this bar graph. Based on this graph, what conclusion can someone draw?
run independent campaigns
If super political action committees (PACs) cannot donate directly to political campaigns, how do they best support the campaigns?
educate and inform lawmakers
How does lobbying benefit the government?
causes and values
Which best describes what social interest groups generally promote?
tailor information in support
Which best describes why it is significant that lobbyists provide information to lawmakers?
provide financial support and regulate
Which of these are true of political action committees (PACs) but not of interest groups? Select all that apply.
federal election commission
The ? is the governmental body that regulates political action committees (PACs).
judicial
To which branch of the federal government did the National Rifle Association submit its brief in support of super PACs in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission?
business interests
Which best describes what economic interest groups generally support?
Broadway league
Which of these is an example of an economic interest group?
Ethical Treatment of Animals
Which of these is an example of a social interest group?
first
Which amendment to the Constitution gives people the right to petition the government for a redress of grievances?
creates opportunities for corruption
How does lobbying negatively affect government?
research and understand issues
How does lobbying negatively affect government?
influence representative’s decisions
Read these words from the First Amendment to the Constitution. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. This amendment gives citizens the right to
promote policies
When policymakers use the media to deliver specific messages to citizens, what are policymakers trying to do?
sell themselves and their messages
Ultimately, what do politicians use media to accomplish?
new ideas
When policymakers use the media to deliver a message, what sort of response do they encourage from citizens?
generate, organize, and solicit
For what purposes do politicians generally use the Internet? Select all that apply.
enable campaigns
Which best describes how social-networking sites help political campaigns, especially when compared to traditional media?
required citizens to be proactive
The Internet and social media have increased the level of interactions between politicians and citizens, but how has their use changed the nature of the interactions?
enabled more active participation
How has the Internet changed the way voters interact with campaigns?
only source of information
Why is media coverage of elections important?
congressional record
The ? is the name of the publication produced by the government that covers debates occurring in Congress.
hear discussions on laws
Which of these best describes what the media generally facilitate for the public?
stay informed about current laws
Which of these does the media allow the public to do?
connecting on social media
Which of these is a way in which politicians, particularly on the state and national level, would most likely interact with citizens online?
same social media as citizens
Which best describes why candidates and politicians use the Internet?
influence voters
Which best describes why politicians spend millions of dollars on advertising during elections?
can motivate people to vote
How is voter behavior affected by opinion polls?
currently reside outside the United States but are American citizens.
A person is born a US citizen if he or she has parents who
serve at homeless shelters.
To volunteer for community service, US citizens can
The names of possible jurors are chosen at random.
What is the first step in selecting US citizens to serve as members of a jury?
eighteen.
Young American men must register with the Selective Service System when they reach the age of
taking and passing a two-part test.
The naturalization process involves several steps including
income and payroll taxes.
American citizens must pay federal taxes including
police officer
What is an example of a civil service job?
They will serve in the military when required.

They will support and defend the US Constitution.

They will show allegiance to the nation’s laws.

What do naturalized US citizens swear to do for their new country? Check all that apply.
a summons.
In the United States, potential jury members are notified of their duty by
registering at or after the age of eighteen.
In the United States, the responsibility of voting includes
The National party
Which is at the top of the political party organization?
to state the goals of the party and its position on issues
What is the purpose of a political party’s platform?
shapes the debate and controls legislative agenda.
Political parties are important in the US Congress, because party affiliation
reform.
Third parties play a significant role in the election process because they advocate
Republican
The political party in the twentieth century that generally opposed government expansion to solve social problems is the

Party

They perform the most essential tasks.
Why are volunteers placed at the base of the political party organizational pyramid?
hold a national convention
According to the Federal Election Commission, what is one action that a national party committee must perform?
limited.
The Democratic-Republican Party was based on the idea that the central government of a country should be
only party members
In a closed primary, who selects a political party’s nominees for office?
Both parties are dependent on raising huge sums of money to fund their House campaigns.
Look at this graph, showing funding for campaigns for election to the House of Representatives, 2011-2012.

What is the most logical conclusion that can be drawn from this graph?

Corporations and labor unions have too much power.
Which of these arguments might be used by someone who supports strict campaign finance laws?
Campaigns are complex undertakings, and candidates must hire staff members to manage specific activities.
Which of these is the best reason to explain why candidates for office hire campaign staff to run their campaigns?
a candidate elected.
The main purpose of a political campaign is either to get an issue passed or
passing campaign-finance laws
Which of these best describes a role of the federal government in the election process?
caucus.
A meeting of party members to choose a nominee through debate is called a
oversee a campaign organization.
The role of a campaign manager is to
Individual donors can contribute up to a set amount and no more.

Campaigns are financed by public and private donations.

Finance laws require that donors and the amounts given be identified.

Which statements apply to the financing of a political campaign and the laws controlling it? Select all that apply.
register with their states to vote.
Before people can take part in an election in the United States, they must
provide proof of residency

fill out a form

register before a given deadline

What are voters required to do? Check all that apply.
Voter Turnout by Income Group, 2008
Look at the bar graph.

Which would be the best title for this graph?

Voter Turnout, 2006-2012
Look at the bar graph.

Which would be the best title for this graph?

They must vote using an absentee ballot.
What happens when voters are out of state on Election Day?
in person

online

by absentee ballot

by mail

In which ways can voters cast ballots? Check all that apply.
to gain a political advantage
Why do political parties most often try to gerrymander voting districts?
They are reapportioned based on information in the census.
Which best describes what happens to voting districts every ten years?
President
Voters cast ballots in great numbers in a year when there is an election for

of the United States.

Older women vote in higher percentages than younger men.
Look at the bar graph.

What is the most accurate conclusion someone can draw from this graph?

causes and values
Which best describes what social interest groups generally promote?
Yes, they advise on rules and legislation and file briefs with the courts.
Do lobbyists exert influence among all three branches of government? Why or why not?
It facilitates communication between the public and lawmakers.
Which of these is considered a benefit of lobbying?
political action
Powerful and influential groups called

committees have arisen to finance political campaigns, mostly on a national level.

business interests
Which best describes what economic interest groups generally support?
Building alliances places more pressure on lawmakers.
Which best describes why building alliances is a key strategy for lobbyists?
They apply pressure on lawmakers to pass laws that are favorable to clients.
Which best describes the work done by lobbyists?
Lobbying helps educate and inform lawmakers.
How does lobbying benefit the government?
Lobbying creates opportunities for corruption.
How does lobbying negatively affect government?
They run independent campaigns in support of candidates.
If super political action committees (PACs) cannot donate directly to political campaigns, how do they best support the campaigns?
It is the only information source that most people have.
Why is media coverage of elections important?
to generate donations

to organize supporters

to solicit support

For what purposes do politicians generally use the Internet? Select all that apply.
the ability to hear discussions on laws and the lawmaking process
Which of these best describes what the media generally facilitate for the public?
No, news entities offer opinions, debate, and interpretations of events.
Do news entities provide only the facts? Why or why not?
promote policies
When policymakers use the media to deliver specific messages to citizens, what are policymakers trying to do?
stay informed about current and proposed laws
Which of these does the media allow the public to do?
Congressional Record
The

is the name of the publication produced by the government that covers debates occurring in Congress.

transparency
In covering policy and the lawmaking process, what do the media help provide to the public?
to sell themselves and their messages
Ultimately, what do politicians use media to accomplish?
aware of the issues.
The media aim to make the public
Both supported a strong central government.
How is the Democratic Party similar in beliefs to the Federalists?
It has enabled immediate communication between candidates and supporters.
How has the Internet revolutionized political campaigns?
wards.
Local organizations are organized by precincts, counties, and
a group formed to influence government policy
Which of these best describes an interest group?
citizenship by birth

citizenship by naturalization

How is citizenship achieved in the United States? Check all that apply.
It offers advantages to those with money.
Which of these is a negative impact of lobbying?
PACs combine individuals’ donations into significant contributions.
Which best describes how political action committees (PACs) enhance the power of individuals?
political action committees (PACs)

businesses

interest groups

unions

On whose behalf do most lobbyists work? Select all that apply.
by encouraging and participating in debates over differing ideologies
What is one way in which parties demonstrate commitment to a platform?
volunteer for the Peace Corps.
Even though it is not a requirement, many American men
lack sufficient votes to pass a law.
The chart shows the 112th U.S. Congress (2011-2012).

Based on the information in the chart, if the Independents in the Senate chose to vote with the Republicans in the Senate, the Republicans would

voting for a nominee themselves, not through a delegate.
In a direct primary, voters are
undecided
Political advertisements are considered most effective among

voters.

Polls
best help the media and candidates better understand where voters stand, especially during election campaigns.