Internet Terminology 1

Search Engine Example
Google, Yahoo, Ask, Yahooligans
Search Engine
A website that searches your words and phrases and returns relevant web pages
Quotation Marks
Use these when searching to return websites that have the terms together exactly as you type them
~ or %
Identifies a site as a personal webpage
.ac
Higher education web addresses outside the US
.co
Company addresses outside the the US
.net
Network web addresses
.mil
Military web addresses
.edu
Higher education web addresses inside the US
.gov
US governement web addresses
.org
Non-profit organization web addresses
.sch
School web addresses outside the US
.k12
US school web addresses
.com
Company addresses
Individual Search Engine
Uses computer programs called “spiders,” “crawlers,” or “robots” to match key search words with the web pages that contain them
Meta-Search Engine
Sends request for information to several search engines simultaneously and compiles the results
Subject Directories
Searchable databases that are developed and maintained by human selection of sites to search broad subject categories
Keyword
Unique phrases or terms (search string)
Field
A search parameter, such as a title, genre, date of publication
Boolean Logic
Use operators with keywords to narrow search parameters
AND
Narrows results by searching for pages that contain both keywords
OR
Expands results by search for pages that contain either of the keywords
Different Language Support
Searches for words in different languages
Individual search Engine
Uses computer programs called “spiders”, “crawlers”, or “robots” to match key search words with web pages
Internet Search Tools
Search Engines, Subject Directories
Subject Directories
Searchable databases that are developed and maintained by human selection of sites
Internet Search Methods
Keyword, Field, Boolean Logic, Miscellaneous
Keyword
“Search String” Keying a main idea, phrase, or concept in a search box
Field
Search conducted for a specific title, domain, URL. or host
Boolean Logic
Uses operators such as, AND, OR, and quotation marks
AND
Narrows results by searching for pages that contain both keywords
OR
Expands results by searching for pages that contain either of the keywords
Google
Individual Search Engine
Surfwax
Meta-search engine
http://scholar.google.com/
Subject Directory
URL
Uniform Resource Locator
Components of a URL
Protocol, Domain name, Directory/folder
Protocol
How the file will be transferred
Domain Name
Used to identify the details of the information’s source in an URL
Suffix/extension
Used to indicate the type of server, such as org.edu.,mil
Directory/folder
Instructs the URL to drill down into specific directories of folder for requested information
Tilde (~)
Indicates a personal web page
Equals (=)
Indicates a specific document or program
Question Mark (?)
Indicates a query
Creator
Information that confirms the author is who he/she claims to be
Fair Use
when people use other peoples work freely
Copyrighted
Published work that has been protected to keep others from freely using it
Validate
To verify or prove that something is what it says it is or does what it says it’s supposed to do
Authentic
Genuine, real, original, true
Electronic Communications
Chatting, Blogs, Podcasting, Discussion Boards, Text Messaging, Email
internet
hardware connected together to create a massive network
web
the software that sends information along the internet’s hardware
web site
a group of related files organized around a common topic
web page
a single file within a web site, which has a unique name
web browser
translates the text-based HTML into a graphical web page
portal site
provides a variety of services that people use everyday such as, news, maps, directories, travel, shopping
URL
web address, usually beginning with http:// and means ‘uniform resource locator’blog
browser
software that allows a user to access and view the World Wide Web
cookie
a file sent to your browser that records your activities on a web site
.edu
domain suffix used for educational institution
.org
domain suffix used for organizations
.gov
domain suffix used for government websites
.com
domain suffix used for commercial institutions like businesses