Introduction to Computers Ch 2

T/F To thwart attempts to steal your personal data, install a personal threat reporter, which is software that protects network resources from outside intrusions.
False
T/F The more compressed the graphics file, the smaller the image and the higher the quality.
False
T/F For watching HD streaming video for an hour, the approximate data usage is 3-6 MB.
False
T/F When using email, it is not important to use proper grammar, spelling, and punctuation.
False
T/F Fixed wireless is a broadband Internet connection.
True
What is the term for the transmission of messages and files via a computer network?
Email
What consists of a worldwide collection of electronic documents?
The World Wide Web
What program extends the capability of a browser?
A Plug-in
Who is the creator of the World Wide Web?
Tim Berners Lee
A DNS server is able to identify which of the following?
An IP address based on a domain name.
What is the code of acceptable behaviors users should follow while on the Internet; that is, it is the conduct expected of individuals while online?
Netiquette
What is a small version of a larger graphic on a webpage?
A thumbnail
What is the term for a combination of user name and domain name that identifies a user so he or she can receive Internet email?
An email address
If your cousin wanted to view information from the World Wide Web, what application software would you tell her to be sure she has on her computer?
A browser
Which of the following is a real-time Internet communications service that notifies users when one or more people are online and then allows them to exchange messages or files or join a private chat room?
Instant Messenger (IM)
What is multimedia?
any application that combines text with graphics, animation, audio, video, and/or virtual reality.
What is the use of computers to simulate a real or imagined environment that appears as three-dimensional (3-D) space?
Virtual Reality (VR)
What is the difference between a wiki and a blog?
A wiki user can alter the original content of an article, but a blog user can only add information as a comment.
What term refers to any application that combines text with graphics, animation, audio, video, and/or virtual reality?
Multimedia
What is the World Wide Web?
a worldwide collection of electronic documents.
According to netiquette, Internet users should that the use of writing in all capital letters is equivalent to what?
Shouting
___ provides high-speed internet using the telephone connection.
DSL
What is a graphic?
A digital representation of non-text information such as a drawing, chart, or photo.
A megabyte is equivalent to how many characters?
1 million
To what does the term, traffic, refer to when used in conjunction with the Internet?
the communications activity on the Internet.
When two people are conversing over the Internet in real time, what do you know about them?
They both are online.
What is the term for characters, such as 🙂 or 🙁 , used to express emotion in an email message or newsgroup article?
Emoticons
You are thinking about no longer using the default browser for your Mac and instead, want to switch to a new browser. Which browser will you no longer be using if you do this?
Safari
Your sister just started a company that provides individuals and organizations access to the Internet for a small fee. Which of the following describes her company?
Access provider
The Internet has its roots in a network that became functional in 1969, linking scientific and academic researchers across the United States. What was the name of that network?
Arpanet
Which of the following allows users to have multiple home pages that automatically open when the browser starts?
Tabbed browsing (multiple tabs are up at once)
What is the descriptor for a filter that warns or blocks you from potentially fraudulent or suspicious websites?
Phishing
You have just done some online banking. What could contain your account number?
Cache
What are valid TLDs?
gov, org, net
What is the role of the W3C?
To oversee research and set standards for many areas of the Internet.
You have a new web app and the host for it is going to provide storage for your data on their server. What is this called?
Cloud storage
An organization to which you belong is joining the W3C. What is the mission of the work you will undertake as a member?
To ensure the continued growth of the web.
You are looking for a browser that will run on your computer, that uses the Linux operating system. What browser would you chose?
Firefox
If you receive an email message in all capital letters, what does this signify?
That the person who wrote you the email is “shouting” at you.
If your friend is enjoying a cup of coffee in a trendy coffee shop and at the same time is surfing the web, how is she searching the web?
A hotspot
What is the purpose of an Internet Protocol address (IP address)?
It uniquely identifies the location of each computer or device connected to the Internet.
What is the software that finds websites, webpages, images, and other information called?
A search engine
_________ buy and register unused or lapsed domain names so that they can profit from selling them.
Cybersquatters
A ______ name is the text-based name that corresponds to the IP address of a server that hosts a website.
Domain
An ____ address is a number that uniquely identifies the location of each computer or device connected to the Internet.
IP
The major carriers of network traffic on the Internet are known collectively as the __________.
Internet backbone
The group that approves top-level domains is the _______.
ICANN
What is a wiki?
A collaborative website that allows users to add to, modify, or delete the website content via their browser.
What are the two most common graphic formats on the web?
JPEG and Png
Bing, Google, and Yahoo are all examples of what?
Web search engines
In a web address, the ____ is a set of rules that defines how pages transfer on the Internet.
Http
____ is a navigation system that consists of one or more earth-based receivers that accept and analyze signals sent by satellites in order to determine the receiver’s geographic location.
GPS
Favorites, also called _______, are links to preferred websites.
bookmarks
When you enter a domain name, a(n) ______ translates the domain name to its associated IP address so data can be routed to the correct computer.
DNS server
What type of website offers exciting, challenging avenues for formal and informal ways of teaching and learning.
An educational website
A _______ is a filtering program that stops pop-up ads from displaying on webpages.
Pop-up blocker
What are the 5 steps in web publishing?
1. Planning the website
2. Design the website
3. Create the website
4. Host the website
5. Maintain the website
Audio includes what?
Music, speech, or any other sound.
What is a collection of related webpages and associated items, such as documents and pictures, stored on a web server?
A website
T/F A Wi-Fi’s Internet service can be dial-up access.
False
You are looking for the basic storage unit on a mobile device. What storage system represents a single character?
Byte
What kind of server is another computer that screens all your incoming and outgoing messages?
A proxy
What occurs when one consumer sells directly to another consumer, such as in an online auction?
consumer-to-consumer (C2C) e-commerce
You are going to form a partnership with an organization that sells domain names. What kind of organization is your partner?
Registrar
A Uniform Resource Locator is the same as what?
Web address
A website’s home page is most analogous (similar) to what.
The cover of a book
If someone’s boss wanted to send a message to an employee that contains both a video and a Word processing document, which Internet service would be the most appropriate for her to use?
Email
For which of the following to work must both parties be online at the same time, and the receiver of a message be willing to accept messages?
Instant Messaging
When your friend is using a website that offers a variety of Internet services from a single convenient location, what type of website is she using?
Portal
A _______ is a type of software for computers and mobile devices that reads a user’s specified web feeds and collects their most recent content.
Aggregator