The changes include the increasing (Pravda 2006) size of the organizations and the employees, growing specialization of labor, rising tensions and conflicts In the labor management relations, the deteriorating role of technology as a differentiator, and the initiation of multiple labor-related laws. History of Human Performance Technology (HIP) The field of HIP, also referred to as Performance Improvement, emerged from the fields of [[educational technology]] and [Instructional technology]] In the 1 sass and 1 sass.
In the post war period, application of the Instructional Systems Design (KIDS) model was not consistently returning the desired improvements to organizational performance. Human Performance Technology has come a long way since it first rust on to the scene. It has made great leaps and bounds since becoming an emerging field of practice in the sass’s (Dean & Ripley, 1997; Gilbert, 1996: Systolic & Keeps, AAA). Since the beginning of the 21ST century, HIP has truly flourished and literature on the subject has expanded tremendously within the past ten years.
This led the emergence of HIP as a separate field from KIDS In the late sass to early sass when the National Society for Programmed Instruction was renamed the National Society for Performance and Instruction (NSP) and then again to the International Society for Performance Improvement (ISP) in 1995. (Chemung, 2008) HIP evolved as a systemic and systematic approach to address complex types of performance Issues and to assist In the proper diagnosis and Implementation of solutions to close performance gaps among individuals.
The origins of HIP can be primarily traced back to the work of [[Thomas Gilbert (engineer)l Thomas Gilbert]], Geary Rumble, Karen Brothers, [[Roger Kaufman]], Bob Meager, Donald Toast, Lloyd Home and Joe Harmless. They (Gilbert and Rumble In particular) were the pioneers of the field. Any serious investigation of early and later citations of Gilbert and Rambler’s work will reveal subsequent academic and professional leaders in the field.