Adhering to the standard, which defines such features as an optimal thickness (0,76 mm), means that the cards can be used worldwide. International Standards thus contribute to making life simpler, and to increasing the reliability and effectiveness of the goods and services we use. What is ;so? The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies from some 100 countries, one from each country. ISO is a non-governmental organization established in 1947.
The mission of ISO is to promote the development of standardization and related activities in the world with a view to facilitating the international exchange of goods and services, and to evolving cooperation in the spheres of intellectual, scientific, technological and economic acuity. Sis’s work results In International agreements which are published as International standards. International standardization began In the electro technical field : the International Electro technical Commission (ICE) was created in 1906.
Pioneering work in other fields was carried out by the International Federation of the National Standardizing Associations (SIS), which was set up in 1926. The emphasis within SIS was laid heavily on mechanical engineering. The first ISO standard was published In 1951 with the title, “Standard reference temperature for Industrial length measurement ” Why is international standardization needed ? The existence of non-harmonize standards for similar technologies In different countries or regions can contribute to so-called “technical barriers to trade”. Export- rationalize the international trading process.
This was the origin of the establishment of ‘SO. International standardization is now well-established for very many technologies in such diverse fields as information processing and communications, textiles, snacking, distribution of goods, energy production and utilization, shipbuilding, banking and financial services. It will continue to grow in importance for all sectors of industrial activity for the foreseeable future The main reasons are: 1. Worldwide progress in trade liberalizing 2. Interpenetration of sectors 3. Worldwide communications systems 4. Global standards needs for emerging technologies 5.
Developing countries How are ISO standards developed ? ISO standards are developed according to the following principles: Consensus The views of all interests are taken into account: manufacturers, vendors and users, consumer groups, testing laboratories, governments, engineering professions and research organizations. Industry-wide Global solutions to satisfy industries and customers worldwide. Voluntary International standardization is market-driven and therefore based on voluntary involvement of all interests in the market-place. There are three main phases in the ISO standards development process. Efferent ISO standards Three of the more well-known ISO standards:- ISO 31000 The ISO 31000 family of standards deal with risk management. According to the ISO catalog, ISO 31000:2009 provides “principles and general guidelines on risk management. ” ISO 31000 is designed to be applied to any type of decision dealing with risk-?whether in business strategy, operation, product, project-development or asset-management. ISO 14000 Family standard according to the ISO is to help identify and control the environmental impact of its activities, improve performance and develop a systematic approach to setting and meeting objectives.
ISO 9000 Family ISO 9000 deals with Quality Management. This standard deals with what an organization or business does to meet the customers needs, satisfy regulatory requirements, create customer satisfaction and continually improve performance. As of 2010, there are 25 documents in the 9000 family–reference is listed in resources if you want to delete it after checking–that are are designed to provide a basis for improving everything from warehouse inventory audits, assembly line procedure, shipping and receiving and customer service. Conclusion
ISO and many of its members are actively involved in consulting and training services which include seminars on the application of standards in quality assurance systems, technical assistance to exporters concerning standards requirements in other countries, workshops on consumer involvement in standardization, and conferences and symposia covering recent developments in testing and certification. For the particular needs of its developing country members, ISO operates a special programmer consisting of training seminars, publication of development manuals, ND various other kinds of expert assistance.