IT

Storage Media
Media, such as hard disks, solid-state drives, USB flash drives, memory cards, and optical discs, on which a computer keeps data, instructions, and information
Storage Device
Device that records (writes) and/or retrieves (reads) items to and from storage media
Which of the following high-speed Internet connections use an antenna on a house or business to communicate with a tower location via radio signals?
Fixed Wireless
Which of the following is a technology that provides high-speed Internet connection using the telephone network?
DSL
Which of the following is equal to approximately one million characters?
Megabyte
Which of the following is application software that allows users to access and view webpages?
Browser
What kind of server is another computer that screens all your incoming and outgoing messages?
Filter
A search engine displays a list of webpage names that contain the search text. What is the term for that list?
Hits
Which of the following is the use of computers to simulate a real or imagined environment that appears as three-dimensional (3-D) space?
VR
What is the term for the transmission of messages and files via a computer network?
Email
As shown in the accompanying figure, which of the following is a real-time typed conversation that takes place on a computer?
Chat
Which of the following identifies broadband Internet connections?
DSL, WI-FI, Fixed wireless
Which of the following are criteria for evaluating a website’s content?
Affiliation and consumer consensus
Which of the following is NOT a media player?
Safari
What are two elements found in an email address?
User name and domain name
Which of the following is NOT an example of malware?
vaporware
Which of the following is NOT an operating system used by today’s computers and mobile devices?
DOS
Which of the following is true about a computer?
Its electronic components process data using instructions.
Most computers and many mobile devices, such as smartphones and portable media players, can connect to which kind of network?
Wi-Fi
Multiple print jobs line up in a ____ within a buffer.
queue
A file ____ utility, shrinks the size of a file.
compression
A(n) ____ OS is an operating system that organizes and coordinates how multiple users access and share resources on a network.
server
A(n) ____ is an operation the processor manages.
task
A(n) ____ operating system is a complete operating system that works on a desktop computer, a notebook computer, or mobile computing device.
stand-alone
Compressed files sometimes are called ____ files.
zipped
The first version of Windows was developed in the early ____.
1980s
To ____ a file, you restore a zipped file to its original form.
Uncompressed
Which of the following is not an operating system function?
word processing
With a(n) ____ interface, users interact with menus and visual images such as buttons and other graphical objects to issue commands.
graphical user interface (GUI)
Someone who demands payment in order to stop an attack on an organization’s technology infrastructure.
cyberextortionist
Someone who uses the Internet or network to destroy or damage computers for political reasons
cyberterrorist
Computer viruses, worms, Trojan horses, and rootkits are classified as which of the following?
malware
In which particularly devastating type of DoS attack are multiple unsuspecting computers used to attack multiple computer networks?
distributed
Online or Internet-based illegal acts
cybercrime
Used to describe a program that copies itself repeatedly, using up resources and possibly shutting down the computer or network
a worm
General term for programs that act without a user’s knowledge and deliberately alter the computer’s operations
malware
A perpetrator is using a botnet. Which of the following is the least likely use of his botnet?
authoring ActiveX scripts
What is an AUP intended to do?
Outline computer activities for which the computer and network may or may not be used
Used to describe a set of steps that can convert readable plaintext into unreadable ciphertext?
an encryption algorithm